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Windows Server 2003 CommandLine Tools

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Windows Resource Kit (cont'd) permcopy Copy share-level permissions from ... dsde Part of the DSML for Windows installation; query, import and export from ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Windows Server 2003 CommandLine Tools


1
Windows Server 2003 Command-Line Tools
  • Robbie Allen
  • Cisco Systems
  • www.rallenhome.com

2
Agenda
  • Why Use Command-Line Tools?
  • Microsoft Command-Line Tool Resources
  • Other Command-Line Tool Resources
  • Q/A

3
Why Use a Command-Line over a GUI?
  • 1. Faster than the clickity-click counterpart
  • View the network configuration
  • ipconfig /all
  • Find all VBScript files in the path
  • where .vbs
  • Append a 1 to every file in the current
    directory
  • forfiles -p.\ -v -c"cmd /c if not _at_ISDIRTRUE
    ren _at_FILE _at_FNAME_WITHOUT_EXT1._at_EXT"

4
Why Use a Command-Line over a GUI?
  • 2. In some cases you dont have a choice
  • Create an entry in an Event Log
  • eventcreate /L Application /T Error /ID 777 /D
    "Error Will Robinson"
  • Redirect the default AD computers container to an
    alternate location
  • redircmp ouMyComputers,dcrallencorp,dccom
  • Diagnose AD DNS configuration issues
  • dnslint /ad /s localhost /v

5
Why Use a Command-Line over a GUI?
  • 3. Enhances your remote management capabilities
  • Many of the new tools have a /S option for
    targeting a remote machine
  • systeminfo /S rallen-srv1
  • With Sysinternals psexec you can even run
    non-remoteable utilities remotely
  • psexec \\rallen-srv1 cmd /k dir c\

6
Why Use a Command-Line over a GUI?
  • 4. Enables you to automate common/complex tasks
  • Simple batch scripts just contain commands to run
    in sequence
  • Disable all inactive computer accounts and send
    the results in an email (2 commands)
  • oldcmp -report -file inactive.html -disable -b
    "cncomputers,dcrallencorp,dccom
  • blat inactive.html -to rallen_at_cisco.com -html

7
Microsoft Command-Line Tool Resources
  • Windows Server 2003
  • Windows Resource Kit
  • Windows Support Tools
  • Downloadable Tools
  • SFU 3.5

8
What's New in Windows Server 2003windir\Help\nt
cmds.chm
  • systeminfo Displays detailed configuration
    information about a computer and its operating
    system
  • wmic Extremely powerful command-line interface
    into WMI
  • dsadd / dsmod / dsrm / dsget / dsquery / dsmove
    Set of command-line tools for querying and
    modifying Active Directory
  • netsh Query network configuration, perform
    diagnostics and manage network services such as
    DHCP and IPSec
  • bootcfg Configures, queries, or changes
    Boot.ini file settings
  • sc Retrieves and sets information about
    services. Tests and debugs service programs.
  • schtasks Command-line interface into the Task
    Scheduler service. With it you can query, add,
    modify and delete scheduled tasks

9
What's New in Windows Server 2003 (contd)
  • tasklist / taskkill Search and terminate
    processes
  • reg Query and manipulate the Registry
  • redirusr / redircmp Redirect the default users
    and computers containers in Active Directory
  • forfiles Perform a command over several files
    at once
  • openfiles Queries and disconnects open files
  • fsutil / freedisk / diskpart File and disk
    configuration and query tools
  • eventcreate / eventquery / eventtriggers
    Create and query events and event triggers
  • gpupdate / gpresult Force group policies to be
    applied to a computer and view the results
  • shutdown Log off, restart, or shut down a
    computer

10
Windows Resource Kit
  • creatfil Create a file of arbitrary size
  • diskuse Scans a single directory, a directory
    tree, or an entire drive and reports the amount
    of space used by each user or all users
  • gpotool Display info about the GPOs in a domain
    and check for inconsistencies across DCs
  • klist Display and purge the Kerberos tickets on
    a computer
  • linkd Create a junction point (file link)
  • linkspeed Determines link speed to a remote
    system
  • moveuser Use MoveUser after moving a user to a
    different domain so that the user can keep the
    user profile associated with the original user
    account
  • ntrights Grant or revoke a right for a user or
    group of users on a local or remote computer

11
Windows Resource Kit (contd)
  • permcopy Copy share-level permissions from one
    share to another
  • perms Display user access permissions for a
    file or directory
  • showacls Enumerates access rights for files,
    folders
  • showpriv Displays the rights assigned to users
    and groups
  • qgrep Search a file or list of files for a
    specific string or pattern and return the line
    containing the match
  • robocopy Robust file copy utility
  • srvcheck Lists nonhidden shares on a computer
    and enumerates the ACLs for each
  • srvinfo Displays information about a server,
    including available disk space, partition types,
    installed hotfixes, and the status of services

12
Windows Support Tools
  • System
  • whoami Display the username, SID, and groups of
    the currently logged on user
  • pmon Displays several measures of processor and
    memory use of running processes
  • netdom Manages computer names, trusts, and
    secure channels
  • diruse Displays directory size information
  • ACLs
  • acldiag Detects and reports discrepancies in
    ACLs of objects in Active Directory. It can also
    reapply a security delegation template to an ACL
  • xcacls Query and modify file ACLs
  • dsacls Query and modify Active Directory ACLs
  • Network
  • portqry Robust port query tool
  • netdiag Network connectivity diagnostics tool
  • netcap Command-line version of Netmon

13
Windows Support Tools (contd)
  • Active Directory
  • dcdiag Domain controller diagnostics tool
  • dsastat Compare trees of two DCs and get object
    count report
  • nltest Domain controller, trust and netlogon
    query tool
  • movetree Move objects within a domain or to a
    different domain
  • repadmin Advanced replication diagnostics tool
  • DNS
  • dnscmd One stop shop for managing the MS DNS
    server
  • dnslint Helps diagnose common DNS resolution
    issues (MS KB 321045)

14
Downloadable Tools (http//download.microsoft.com)
  • GPMC Suite of group policy management tools
    which includes several VBS scripts that can be
    used from the command-line
  • mbsacli Security analyzer
  • adtest Active Directory load-generation tool
    that simulates client transactions
  • dsrevoke Views and removes permissions in
    Active Directory
  • dsde Part of the DSML for Windows installation
    query, import and export from AD using LDAP or
    DSML
  • subinacl Robust ACL query and modification tool

15
SFU 3.5
  • Available for free now http//tinyurl.com/yv969
  • Contains many popular UNIX tools
  • ksh
  • ls
  • wc
  • vi
  • cat
  • cron / crontab
  • grep / egrep / fgreg
  • head / tail
  • cp / mv / rm
  • ps
  • top
  • And many more

16
Other Command-Line Tool Resources
  • Sysinternals
  • Joeware
  • Miscellaneous

17
Sysinternals (http//www.sysinternals.com/)
  • handle Display the files and folders a process
    has open
  • listdlls Display the DLLs that has a process
    has loaded or the processes that are using a
    particular DLL
  • netstatp View open ports and the processes and
    protocols associated with them
  • sdelete Securely delete files
  • adrestore Enumerate and restore deleted objects
    in AD
  • junction Similar to linkd creates junction
    points (i.e., file/folder links)

18
Sysinternals (PS Tools)
  • PsExec Execute processes remotely
  • PsFile Show open files remotely
  • PsGetSid Display the SID of a computer or a
    user
  • PsKill Kill processes by name or process ID
  • PsInfo List information about a system
  • PsList List detailed information about
    processes
  • PsLoggedOn See who's logged on locally and via
    resource sharing
  • PsLogList Dump event log records
  • PsPasswd Changes account passwords
  • PsService View and control services
  • PsShutdown Shuts down and optionally reboots a
    computer
  • PsSuspend Suspends processes
  • PsUptime Shows you how long a system has been
    running since its last reboot

19
Joeware (http//www.joeware.net/)
  • adfind Robust and flexible AD query utility
    (the best around)
  • oldcmp Find old computer accounts and disable
    or delete them
  • unlock Find and unlock locked out accounts
  • adqueueloop Similar to repadmin /queue but
    includes the number of items in the inbound queue
    and shows the top item in the queue
  • getuserinfo net user on steroids
  • secdata Retrieve security-related data about
    users from AD
  • memberOf Retrieve a users group membership
    from AD (shows nested group membership)
  • sectok Displays the SID and token (including
    all sids/names of groups that token contains) of
    a user
  • cpau Similar to runas, but lets you specify a
    password as an option

20
Miscellaneous
  • blat Sends the contents of a file in an e-mail
    using SMTP (http//www.interlog.com/tcharron/blat
    .html)
  • dig Advanced DNS query utility
    (http//pigtail.net/LRP/dig/)
  • whois Query the whois database
    (http//pigtail.net/LRP/dig/)
  • setacl Modify the ACL (DACL and SACL) on files,
    the registry, services, printers, and shares
    (http//setacl.sourceforge.net/)
  • compname Dynamically generate and set the
    computer name based the serial number, system
    GUID, MAC address, IP address, date, DNS name, or
    a random element (http//www.willowhayes.co.uk/)
  • Other sites
  • http//www.optimumx.com/download/
  • http//www.systemtools.com/free_frame.htm

21
Q/A
  • Thank you for your time!
  • Email rallen_at_cisco.com

22
At a Bookstore Near You
  • My Books
  • Active Directory Cookbook (Oct 2003)
  • Active Directory, 2nd Edition (Apr 2003)
  • DNS on Windows Server 2003 (Dec 2003)
  • Windows Server Cookbook (Summer 2004)
  • Windows XP Cookbook (Fall 2004)
  • Other OReilly Books Coming Out Soon
  • Windows Server Hacks (Apr 2004)
  • Exchange Server Cookbook (Fall 2004)
  • Securing Windows Server 2003 (Summer 2004)
  • Managing Windows Server 2003 (Summer 2004)
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