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Installing Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

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Prepare for a Windows Server 2003 installation ... Check partitioning with the Disk Management Snap-in if upgrading from Windows 2000 Server. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Installing Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition


1
Chapter 2
  • Installing Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

2
Objectives
  • Prepare for a Windows Server 2003 installation
  • Explain and perform the different Windows Server
    2003 installation methods, such as attended,
    unattended, and upgrades
  • Install and manage service packs
  • Create an Automated System Recovery set
  • Troubleshoot installation problems
  • Uninstall Windows Server 2003, Standard Edition

3
Preparing for Installation
  • Identify hardware requirements and compatibility.
  • Choose a file system.
  • Choose a licensing mode.
  • Decide which protocols to install.
  • Determine domain or workgroup membership.

4
Hardware Requirements
  • Computer should exceed the minimum requirements

5
Hardware Compatibility
  • Check the Hardware Compatibility List (HCL) for
    Windows Server 2003.
  • Most recent hardware compatibility list is on the
    Microsoft Web site http//www.microsoft.com/whdc/
    hcl/default.mspx
  • Look for Designed for Windows Server 2003 logos
    on products.
  • Upgrade the BIOS if necessary.
  • Determine the BIOS version.
  • Check with the computer manufacturer for
    compatibility and upgrade files.

6
Determining Disk Partitioning Options
  • Setup program determines current partitions.
  • Setup present options for partitioning hard disk.
  • Create a new partition on an unpartitioned hard
    disk.
  • Only create the operating system partition during
    Setup.
  • Add other partitions with Disk Management later.
  • Create a new partition on a partitioned hard
    disk.
  • Install on an existing partition.
  • Delete an existing partition.
  • Check partitioning with the Disk Management
    Snap-in if upgrading from Windows 2000 Server.

7
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8
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9
Choosing a File System
  • File systems format the hard disk.
  • Windows Server 2003 supports FAT16, FAT32, and
    NTFS.
  • NTFS is recommended because of advanced features
    such as
  • Security and encryption
  • File compression
  • POSIX support
  • Indexing
  • NTFS is required for hosting Active Directory.

10
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11
File Systems (cont.)
  • Use the convert utility to move from FAT32 to
    NTFS after installation.

12
Choosing a Licensing Mode
  • Purchase a client access license (CAL) after
    installation.
  • CALs give a client permission to connect to a
    Windows Server 2003 computer.
  • Two licensing modes
  • Per server
  • Per seat
  • Per seat is preferred for companies with more
    than one server.

13
Making a Protocol Selection
  • The default protocol setup
  • TCP/IP with an assumed DHCP server
  • Used on most networks
  • Additional protocols can be configured after
    installation.
  • NetBEUI is not supported by Windows Server 2003
    or by Windows XP Professional.
  • Convert to TCP/IP before upgrade.

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15
Determining Membership
  • Workgroup
  • Provide name of workgroup.
  • Domain
  • Provide DNS name of domain.
  • Create a computer account.
  • Verify that one domain controller and DNS server
    are present.

16
Overview of Installation
  • Methods
  • CD-ROM
  • Network
  • Upgrade
  • Unattended
  • Installation files
  • Winnt for CD-ROM or network installation, or for
    Windows operating systems before Windows 95
  • Winnt32 for operating systems Windows 95 or
    higher
  • Windows NT must have Service Pack 5 or higher.

17
Switches
  • Winnt and Winnt32 support switches to customize
    installation.
  • /s
  • Specifies location of installation files
  • /a
  • Initiate accessibility options
  • /checkupgradeonly
  • Checks compatibility
  • /?
  • Command-line Help

18
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19
CD-ROM Installation
  • Verify that the computers BIOS boots from
    CD-ROM.
  • Insert installation CD-ROM into drive.
  • Turn off power.
  • Turn on power and boot from CD-ROM.
  • Follow the instructions of the Setup program.

20
Network Installation
  • Copy installation files to a host computer.
  • First create a shared network folder on the host.
  • Share the hosts folder and assign read
    permissions.
  • Connect to the shared folder from the target
    computer.
  • Run Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe with any desired
    switches.
  • Follow Setup instructions.

21
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23
Installing from an Existing Operating System
  • Upgrades are possible from the following
  • Windows NT Server 4.0 (running Service Pack 5 or
    higher)
  • Windows 2000 Server
  • Steps to begin upgrade
  • Boot the current OS.
  • Insert the installation CD-ROM.
  • Choose the Upgrade option on the Setup screen.
  • Keep existing settings and applications.

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25
Unattended Installation
  • Usually performed via a network installation
  • Before installation, specify a set of parameters
    in an answer file.
  • The answer file contains responses to questions
    asked during installation.
  • No license agreement is presented during Setup.

26
Performing a CD-based Attended Installation
  • Boot from the Standard Edition CD-ROM.
  • Installation Setup process is similar for all
    methods.
  • First phase of Setup
  • Inspect configuration and load files.
  • Display license agreement.
  • Scan hard drive to determine OS, partitions, and
    file systems.
  • Prompt user to choose partition and file system.
  • Partition is formatted with file system.

27
Performing a CD-based Attended Installation
(cont.)
  • Second phase of Setup prompts user for
  • Language, date, time, and network settings
  • Product Key
  • Licensing mode
  • Computer name, Administrator account, and
    password
  • Domain or workgroup membership
  • Setup completes installation.
  • Installs and registers selected components.
  • Installs Start menu items.
  • Saves settings and removes temporary files.

28
Performing an Unattended Installation
  • Create an answer file.
  • Use a text editor or Setup Manager Wizard.
  • Option to use answer file with booting
  • Save the answer file as Winnt.sif on a floppy
    disk.
  • Boot from CD-ROM.
  • Insert floppy after first Setup screen.
  • Option to specify components
  • Create a Cmdlines.txt file to use with the answer
    file.
  • Use the Sysprep.exe or Syspart.exe programs to
    clone server operating systems.

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32
Upgrading a Windows NT Server and Domain
  • Two methods
  • Upgrade member servers first.
  • Upgrade domain controllers first.
  • Guidelines
  • Schedule the upgrade during minimal access times.
  • Back up each server and registry.
  • Create an emergency repair disk.
  • If upgrading domain controllers first, then
  • Take one BDC out of production as a backup.
  • Upgrade the PDC first.

33
Upgrading a Windows NT Server and Domain (cont.)
  • Installation steps
  • Start Winnt32.exe.
  • Select Upgrade during Setup and retain existing
    settings.
  • Upgrade Active Directory with the Active
    Directory Installation Wizard.
  • After installation, convert the domain to either
    Windows 2000 native mode or to Windows .NET mode.

34
Installing and Managing Service Packs
  • Download the latest service pack from the
    Microsoft Web site.
  • Check regularly for updates to correct security
    issues and improve performance.
  • Review the documentation on installation
    procedures and problems.
  • Perform a full backup on a production server.
  • Alert clients to the installation schedule.
  • After installation, document problems and
    solutions.

35
Creating an Automated System Recovery Set
  • An ASR set contains two components for system
    recovery
  • Backup of all system files (1.5 GB or more)
  • Backup of system settings (approx. 1.44 MB)
  • ASR does not back up application data files.
  • Create an ASR with the Backup utility.
  • Make a new ASR set each time there is an
    important change to the server.
  • Adding protocols
  • Installing new drivers

36
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37
Troubleshooting Installation Problems
  • Most installations problems are related to
    hardware or hardware drivers.
  • Many issues can be avoided by testing hardware
    and performing diagnostics before installation.
  • Find solutions through documentation.

38
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39
Uninstalling Window Server 2003, Standard Edition
  • Back up important data.
  • Boot from the CD-ROM of the new operating system.
  • Can also boot from the Windows Server 2003 CD-ROM
    and exit Setup after deleting the partition
  • Restart the computer.
  • Choose to delete and/or format the partition on
    which Standard Edition is installed.
  • Install the new operating system.

40
Summary
  • Preinstallation tasks
  • Verify hardware is compatible through the HCL.
  • Determine system configurations.
  • Installation methods
  • CD-ROM
  • Network
  • Upgrade
  • From Windows NT Server 4.0 with Server Pack or
    higher, or Windows Server 2000 Server
  • Unattended
  • Create an answer file to automate the
    installation.

41
Summary
  • Upgrading a Windows NT 4.0 domain
  • Begin with member servers or domain controllers.
  • PDC should be upgraded first.
  • Service packs should be installed to fix any
    known problems.
  • Create an ASR set after installation.
  • Uninstalling Windows Server 2003
  • Repartition and format the hard drive.
  • Install the new operating system.
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