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Title: Managing Task (Langague & Leadership), PhD class work

1 managing tasks krishna bista elad 8043 organizational theory arkansas state university sept 7 2010
2 agenda principles of scientific management sm scientific approach to decision making for effective leadership perspectives on the nature of communication impact of bureaucracy on education
3 major contributors to the classical organizational theory scientific management mgmt of work and workers frederick taylor administrative management org structure henri fayol luther halsey gulick max weber
4 fw taylor scientific management lucian sharpe john griffith influenced taylor developed four managerial activities 1 bookkeeping 2 planning 3 foremanship 4 worker incentives focused on social justice mental revolution in sm the principal objective of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer couple with the maximum prosperity for each employer principles of scientific management 1911 p1
5 key points of scientific management scientific job analysis selection of personnel management cooperation functional supervising
6 management functions planning process of evaluation personal traits fayol the first to to the management and french industrialist first to identify as a continuous continuous process of henry fayol engineer management as a the management principles principles rather than of evaluation fayols to identify management fayol engineer and rather than personal a continuous process engineer and french than personal traits recognizes to the french industrialist recognizes commanding coordinating controlling fayol was the was the first management principles rather industrialist recognizes to organizing commanding coordinating evaluation fayols 5 identify management as 5 management functions fayols 5 management traits fayol was functions planning organizing planning organizing commanding
7 lyndall urwick said on the workflow of an organization in an organization source of authority taylor and his authority in an gulich lyndall urwick scientific management taylor luther gulich lyndall be the source organization luther gulich summarizes 14 management top executive should an organization fremost and his colleagues workflow of an rsenzweig 1970 summarizes james rsenzweig 1970 fremost kast james should be the the source of 1970 summarizes 14 an organization luther executive should be colleagues focused on kast james rsenzweig organization fremost kast of authority in his colleagues focused said one top 14 management principles urwick said one focused on the management taylor and one top executive the workflow of
8 decision source httpwwwucalgarycacounsellingca brainstorm possible solution taylorian perspective identify solution choose a source httpwwwucalgarycacounsellingca reerdevelopmentdecisionmodel analyze each possible solution analyze each a decision implement a problem analyze problem brainstorm possible possible solution choose identify a problem possible solution analyze decision implement the from a taylorian each possible solution the decision source the problem brainstorm decision making from problem analyze the a taylorian perspective implement the decision perspective identify a choose a decision making from a analyze the problem
9 organizations fayol the the distribution of old communication systems of old communication ideal bureaucracy q of position managers power and authority systems in organization control communication powergangplank somewhat under the bureaucracy q does of power and we are still follett proposed the ranks weber ideal efficient organizations fayol suggest that we that we are of communication in mary follett proposed does this suggest managers control communication weber ideal bureaucracy communication powergangplank mary the influence of the power of influence of old communication systems in and authority in powergangplank mary follett under the influence distribution of power are still somewhat power of position nature of communication still somewhat under q does this this suggest that lower ranks weber authority in lower communication in efficient in lower ranks position managers control proposed the distribution in efficient organizations fayol the power
10 money was vitally different things from rather cogs in that they need required leading to important to them taylor didnt see workforce and also lack of skills in a machine as people but a machine and loss of skills power for the machine and that jobs lack of as many of and also power repetitive jobs lack of them virtually skills required leading to them as them as many the workforce and but rather cogs cogs in a on the breadline they need different things from work boring and repetitive to low morale led to low vitally important to low morale amongst from work money amongst the workforce workers led to criticism on scientific the workers led on scientific management people but rather them virtually lived leading to loss and that they in the workforce also power for and repetitive jobs the workforce taylor to loss of workers as people need different things work money was lived on the see workers as virtually lived on morale amongst the workforce taylor didnt for the workers didnt see workers management boring and skills in the scientific management boring many of them 0 criticism on of skills required was vitally important of skills in
11 form of organizational and power weber not as employees refers to an bureaucrats are free defines the terms classifications charismatic traditional structure weber uses authority and power traditional and rational weber uses three bureaucracy refers to of organizational structure power weber uses but not as authority bureaucrats are uses and defines uses three basic as individuals but weber bureaucracy refers an ideal form 1 max weber legal authority bureaucrats rational legal authority individuals but not three basic classifications to an ideal basic classifications charismatic and defines the max weber bureaucracy organizational structure weber free as individuals and rational legal terms authority and charismatic traditional and weber uses and are free as ideal form of the terms authority
12 hiring appointment by to follow hierarchy chain of command the organization to labor extensive rules rules clear policies unique jobs division merit strict controls by merit strict functions freedom of extensive rules clear hierarchical authority structure structure chain of of labor extensive authority structure chain task specialization individuals have unique jobs policies for the follow hierarchy clearly jobs division of 2 characteristics hierarchical characteristics hierarchical authority specified functions freedom appointment by merit division of labor clearly specified functions controls source httpwww1apsueduoconnort40904090lec for the organization command task specialization specialization individuals have clear policies for source httpwww1apsueduoconnort40904090lec t02htm strict controls source of command task httpwww1apsueduoconnort40904090lec t02htm     organization to follow individuals have unique hierarchy clearly specified freedom of hiring of hiring appointment
13 authority is centralized duplication agencies appear bureaucratic attributes of in firing an and paperwork duplication attributes of the gov rules regulations and its rational lack of accountability paperwork duplication agencies 3 criticism on ability is decentralized of accountability difficult to do the in modern organizations but ability is centralized but ability thompson 1961 udy the bureaucratic attributes of the organization 1961 udy 1959 1959 found no regulations and paperwork on bureaucracy theory its rational attributes bureaucrat thompson notes rules regulations and the organization and appear to do no correlation between organization and its criticism on bureaucracy decentralized thompson 1961 is decentralized thompson incompetent bureaucrat thompson same thing lack organizations authority is notes that in thing lack of is centralized but firing an incompetent tape gov rules agencies appear to do the same an incompetent bureaucrat thompson notes that between the bureaucratic difficult in firing correlation between the the same thing accountability difficult in modern organizations authority bureaucracy theory red found no correlation udy 1959 found red tape gov theory red tape that in modern
14 as faculty and must function within of public education bureaucratic problems in professionals such as this government bureaucracy bureaucracy what sort you handle the education is a the institution of that the institution this pose for handle the bureaucratic bureaucracy how do administrators who must is a bureaucracy 4 questions most sort of problems institution of public and administrators who of problems does how do you the professionals such such as faculty who must function would agree that function within this a bureaucracy what within this government agree that the questions most would problems in your faculty and administrators public education is in your work government bureaucracy how do you handle does this pose pose for the what sort of problems does this the bureaucratic problems most would agree your work places for the professionals
15 bureaucracy leads to bureaucracy on educatorsschools contends the reason bureaucratic structure in the part of public schools brown chubb and moe performance chubb and 1992288 contends the bureaucracy bureaucracy dictates educational philosophies publication are bad include reason bad schools teachers training educational bad schools are laws which governs part of public bad include poor publication educational practices bureaucracy dictates the the reason bad moe 1988 1990 depresses student performance of public schools poor performance on schools are bad in schools depresses 5 impact of educatorsschools bureaucratic structure and moe 1988 schools depresses student philosophies publication educational the presence of 1990 bureaucracy leads 1988 1990 bureaucracy poor managementbecause of include poor managementbecause leads to poor brown 1992288 contends schools brown 1992288 to poor performance structure in schools on educatorsschools bureaucratic of teachers training governs the certification presence of bureaucracy on the part managementbecause of the certification of teachers educational practices and which governs the the certification of of bureaucracy bureaucracy student performance chubb impact of bureaucracy dictates the laws of bureaucracy on practices and designs of the presence training educational philosophies performance on the the laws which
16 of education bureaucracy your organizations video q as an a video clip video corruption of practitioner how would and a video discussion and a 6 discussion and educator andor leadership organizations video corruption an educator andor as an educator bureaucracy in your video clip q clip q as leadership practitioner how you control bureaucracy corruption of education control bureaucracy in how would you would you control in your organizations andor leadership practitioner
17 7
18 our theories have administrative management approaches and administrative management practice no matter in our work no matter how in orgs both orgs both scientific management and administrative been in our manage tasks in theories have been have been in our everyday leadership management approaches influence approaches influence our how modern our leadership practice no everyday leadership practice scientific management and both scientific management tasks in orgs influence our everyday modern our theories conclusion to manage our work places matter how modern 8 conclusion to to manage tasks
19 illinois waveland press lg deal te marion r 2002 3rd edition pp and leadership 3rd of schools american chubb j moe for the practitioner te reframing organizations 2002 leadership in 2002 images of morgan g 2002 moe t politics oaks california sage organizational theory for in education organizational markets and the choice and leadership g 2002 images edition pp 30607 theory for the political science review inc morgan g organization thousand oaks american political science sage publications inc practitioner long grove t politics markets leadership 3rd edition science review 82 10651089 marion r pp 30607 chubb 82 december 1988 organization of schools long grove illinois schools american political the organization of and the organization december 1988 10651089 the practitioner long review 82 december education organizational theory waveland press inc j moe t r 2002 leadership 9 references bolman politics markets and grove illinois waveland organizations artistry choice artistry choice and press inc morgan 30607 chubb j of organization thousand 1988 10651089 marion deal te reframing reframing organizations artistry leadership in education bolman lg deal california sage publications images of organization references bolman lg thousand oaks california
20 thank you to you to my 0 thank you my professor and to my professor professor and classmates
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