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Welcome to Nutrition and Diet Therapy

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Whole foods, fortified foods. The Nutrients. Composition of foods. Six classes of nutrients ... Which of the following foods should you eliminate from your ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Welcome to Nutrition and Diet Therapy


1
Welcome to Nutrition and Diet Therapy
2
Todays Activities
  • Syllabus
  • Attendance
  • Unit Tests
  • Personal Nutrition Studies
  • Project on Adherence to a Diabetic Diet
  • Case Studies/Clinical Assignments
  • Article Assignment
  • An Over View of Nutrition

3
An Overview of Nutrition
0
4
Why do we eat what we eat?
5
Food Choices
  • Personal preference
  • Habit
  • Ethnic heritage or tradition
  • Social interactions
  • Availability, convenience, economy

6
Food Choices
  • Positive and negative associations
  • Emotional comfort
  • Values
  • Body weight and image

7
Food Choices
  • Nutrition and health benefits
  • Functional foods
  • Provide health benefits beyond their nutrient
    contributions
  • Ex. Whole foods, fortified foods

8
The Nutrients
  • Composition of foods
  • Six classes of nutrients
  • Nonnutrients

9
Body Composition
10
True or False
  • Fresh pasta is better for you than dried pasta
    and spinach pasta more nutritious than plain

11
Key words
  • Organic
  • Nutritious
  • Wholesome
  • Natural
  • Fresh

12
Scary Words
  • Transfats
  • Bad carbs
  • What else?

13
The Nutrients
  • Chemical composition of nutrients
  • Inorganic vs. Organic nutrients

14
The Nutrients
  • Essential nutrients
  • Macronutrients vs. micronutrients

15
The Nutrients
  • Organic nutrients
  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Proteins
  • Vitamins

16
The Nutrients
  • Inorganic nutrients
  • Minerals
  • Water

17
Carbohydrate
18
Question?
  • Which of these foods contains the least amount of
    dietary fiber?
  • Oatmeal
  • Peanuts
  • Steak
  • Radishes
  • Oranges

19
Lipids
20
Which is less fattening, margarine or butter?
21
Energy-Yielding Nutrients
  • Energy from foods
  • Energy density
  • How can something have no trans-fats but still be
    fried? Is it better?

22
  • Which of the following foods should you eliminate
    from your diet in order to lose weight?
  • steak pasta potatoes butter

23
Energy-Yielding Nutrients
  • Calories and kilocalories

24
Energy Density
25
Protein and Amino Acids
26
  • If you are a strict vegetarian, what vitamin will
    you probably be lacking?

27
Vitamins
28
  • Which of the vitamins, taken in large doses,
    provides energy?
  • Which B-vitamin is often low in the diet of the
    average college student?

29
Vitamins
  • Organic
  • Not energy-yielding
  • Essential
  • Water-soluble vs. fat-soluble
  • Vulnerable to destruction

30
Minerals
31
True or false
  • Cottage Cheese is one of the best sources of
    calcium
  • Sea salt and kosher salt have nutritional
    advantages over regular salt

32
Minerals
  • Inorganic
  • Not energy-yielding
  • Essential
  • Indestructible

33
Water
  • Inorganic
  • Not energy-yielding
  • Essential

34
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35
Diet and Health
36
Diet and Health
37
Nutrition Research
  • The Scientific Method
  • Hypothesis vs. Theory
  • Experimental group vs. control group
  • Randomization
  • Sample size

38
Nutrition Research
  • The Scientific Method
  • Epidemiological studies
  • Laboratory-based studies
  • Human intervention or clinical trials

39
Nutrition Research
  • The Scientific Method
  • Placebo effect
  • Blind experiment
  • Double-blind experiment

40
Nutrition Research
  • The Scientific Method
  • Correlations and causes
  • Positive correlation vs. negative correlation
  • Replication
  • Peer review

41
Nutrition Research
  • Research Vs. Rumors
  • Scientific validity

42
Nutrition Information and Misinformation
  • Not everything on the Internet is true!!
  • Determination of the reliability of a website
  • Not everything on the news is accurately
    reported!!

43
Nutrition Information and Misinformation
  • Finding credible information
  • Government health agencies
  • Volunteer health agencies reputable consumer
    groups
  • Reputable consumer groups

44
Nutrition Information and Misinformation
  • Finding credible information
  • Professional health organizations
  • Professional journals

45
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46
Nutrition Information and Misinformation
  • Identifying misinformation

47
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48
True or False
  • Eating chocolate causes acne
  • If your life is frantic, you should take a
    multivitamin pill each morning to relieve stress

49
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