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Presentation Package for Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 6e

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See Web21-3 for more information. about drinking rates on campuses ... Web21-3. Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 6e. 8. Why People Start Drinking. Peer pressure ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Presentation Package for Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 6e


1
Presentation Package for Concepts of Fitness and
Wellness 6e
  • Section VII Concept 21
  • Use and Abuse of Alcohol

2
Health Consequences of Alcohol Use
  • Increased risk of cardiovascular
    diseases(Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke,
    Hypertension)
  • Increased risk of cancer(liver, stomach, colon,
    pancreas, breast, mouth, throat)
  • Impaired immune system
  • Malnutrition
  • Reproductive problems

Click here for info from Nat. Institute of
alcohol abuse and Alcoholism
3
Behavioral Consequences of Alcohol Use
  • Contributes to 50 of all motor vehicle
    fatalities
  • Contributes to unsafe sex and increased risk of
    AIDS
  • Contributes to risky behavior and accidental
    death

Click here for info from MADD site
4
Social Consequences of Alcohol Use on Campus
  • 80 of campus vandalism involved alcohol
  • 70 of violent behavior on campus involved
    alcohol
  • 75 of men and 55 of women involved in
    acquaintance rape were under the influence of
    alcohol

Click here for info from the Higher Education
Center for Alcohol and Other Drug Prevention
5
Academic Consequences of Alcohol Use
  • 40 of poor academic performance at college has
    been linked to drinking
  • 7 of first year dropouts are related to alcohol
  • Alcohol intake is inversely related to GPA

6
Rates of Drinking on College Campuses(Data from
17,542 students from 140 Colleges)
MEN WOMEN Non-drinkers 15 16 O
ccasional Drinker 35 45 Binge Drinker
50 39
Binge drinking was defined as having 5 drinks
in a row at least once every 2 weeks.
See Web21-3 for more information about drinking
rates on campuses
7
Attitudes and Perceptions toward Alcohol on Campus
  • 95 of students believe that the average student
    drinks alcohol weekly
  • 30 of students indicated they would prefer NOT
    to have alcohol at parties

Web21-3
8
Why People Start Drinking
  • Peer pressure
  • Need to belong and be accepted
  • Media depiction of drinking
  • Easy access (often at home)
  • Absence of religious attachment
  • Cultural / sociological traditions
  • Social "lubrication"
  • Makes one "feel good"

9
Trends in Youth Alcohol Use(High School
Students)
Youth Risk Behavior Survey Youth Online Database
10
Trends in Binge Drinking Among High School Youth
Youth Risk Behavior Survey Youth Online Database
11
What factors are contributing to the decline in
alcohol use and abuse?
  • Will it continue?

12
Alcohol Content in Drinks
All three have the same alcohol contentdespite
different volumes
Beer 4 alcohol X 12 oz .48 oz
alcohol Wine 12 alcohol X 4 oz .48
oz alcohol Whiskey 40 alcohol X 1.25 oz
.5 oz alcohol
13
Factors Determining the Effects of Alcohol
Lab 21a information
  • How much was consumed
  • Rate of consumption
  • What is in stomach
  • Presence of carbonation
  • Mood status
  • Sex

14
Rate of Alcohol Removal
  • Liver can process .25 oz of alcohol per hour (2
    hours to process one drink)
  • Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) decreases by about
    .015 per hour

15
Steps to Being a Responsible Drinker
Lab 21binformation
  • Limit number of drinks
  • Drink less than 1 per 90 min.
  • Sip slowly
  • Eat lots of protein/starch
  • Avoid carbonated drinks
  • Measure drinks carefully
  • Don't drive if intoxicated

16
How to Help a Friend with a Drinking Problem
  • Plan a time to talk with person about it
  • Confront behavior - not the individual!
  • Use "I" not "you" in statements
  • Don't judge, blame or lecture
  • Be genuine, kind, and honest
  • Be prepared for denial or rejection
  • Have referral resources available

17
Web Resources
18
Supplemental Graphics
  • Lab Information

19
Lab 21a InformationBlood Alcohol Levels
Return to presentation
  • Go through calculations to estimate your blood
    alcohol content.
  • Discuss whether you were surprised by the figures
    and whether it may influence your drinking
    behavior.

20
Lab 21b InformationSelf-Perceptions of Alcohol
Use
Return to presentation
  • Evaluate the drinking behavior of yourself or a
    person close to you.
  • How would you classify yourself or your friend
    regarding drinking behavior.
  • Would others view you or your friend the same way?
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