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Teaching and Learning in the Distributed Learning Environment

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University Library (24/7) WHAT LEARNED. Amount of instructor time and effort ... University of Phoenix: 250,000 alumni & 320,000 students. Started in late 1970s. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teaching and Learning in the Distributed Learning Environment


1
  • Teaching and Learning in the Distributed Learning
    Environment
  • Sheldon L. Stick, PhD
  • College of Education and Human Sciences
  • University of Nebraska - Lincoln

2
FOCUS
  • ANNUAL INCOME TWENTY POUNDS,
  • ANNUAL EXPENDITURE NINETEEN
  • NINTEEN SIX, RESULT HAPPINESS.
  • ANNUAL INCOME TWENTY POUNDS,
  • ANNUAL EXPENDITURE TWENTY POUNDS
  • OUGHT AND SIX, RESULT MISERY.
  • Charles Dickens book, David Copperfield spoken
    by
  • Mr. Micawber to Copperfield in chapter 12

3
PRESENTATION SEQUENCE
  • UNL 3 - 17
  • REALITIES 18 - 22
  • ALABAMA 23 32
  • ENDING 33 - 37

4
BACKGROUND
  • Enrollments Declining
  • Geography and Population
  • Cost
  • Dislocation
  • Changed Attitudes
  • Traveling Team
  • Technology
  • email
  • blended courses

5
Courses
  • Began with as needed (six)
  • Blended and Instructors traveled Guam
  • Now in excess of 34 from Department
  • Research Courses from other Areas
  • Educational Psychology
  • University of Alabama-Birmingham
  • Other institutions
  • Complete Program online
  • Some interviews, advising, program
  • development, comprehensives, proposal,
    defense (use real time compressed audio/visual)

6
Growth
  • 22 385 students
  • No formal advertising 4 to 30 weekly inquiries
  • Brochures at conferences.
  • Curtailed enrollments and pruned rolls.
  • Perhaps 240 now matriculating
  • Excess of 275 Graduates
  • Ph.D. and Ed.D.
  • 42 to 78-months (RANGE IS 17,000 - 22,000)
    Some not on campus until Hooding

7
MOTIVATION
  • UNL tuition non-resident 1,100/course
  • resident 455/course online
    755/course
  • Initially got up to 70 of D.E. revenue.
  • Currently developing market-driven contracts with
    about 33 returned.
  • Fall 2006 about 84,000.
  • Probably 275 graduates since 1996.

8
Some Serious Money
  • 275 graduates
  • Average 51 credits
  • Use figure of 755 per 3-credits
  • 17 courses X 755 12,835
  • 12,835 X 275 3,529,625
  • Presumably averaged 50 1,764,812.5
  • 1,764,812 /14-years 126,058/annually

9
Our Program
  • Both K-12 and ELHE online
  • Compressed audio/visual for proposals and
    defense.
  • Luxury of being in class regardless of time and
    location.
  • Faculty travel
  • Students travel
  • Importance of advising

10
RECRUITING
WORD-OF-MOUTH MAILINGS TO COMM.
COLLEGES CURRENT STUDENTS WEB PAGE FREE
ADVERTISING
11
FYI
  • 65-70 percent non-residents
  • 10 percent international students
  • Barrier free (time and location)
  • Networking
  • Community building
  • Ramp time (platform and courses)
  • Student maturity
  • Self-efficacy and responsibility
  • for learning

12
Virtual Venues (7)
  • Virtual Classrooms
  • Cafeteria
  • Faculty Office
  • Journal
  • Literature Bank
  • Course Library
  • University Library (24/7)

13
WHAT LEARNED
  • Amount of instructor time and effort
  • Adult learners insecurities
  • Professional development
  • Front-loading of entire course
  • Need for records of communications
  • Early involvement critical
  • Revenue generated
  • Scholarship (students and faculty productivity)

14
MANAGEMENT
  • ONLINE EARLY
  • PARTICIPANTS
  • SYLLABUS
  • FONT COLOR
  • MODULES
  • 6-10 PER COHORT
  • FIRST NAME

15
SUGGESTIONS
  • EARLY REGISTRATION
  • CAP ENROLLMENTS
  • SYLLABUS
  • FONT COLOR
  • MODULE TIMING
  • FIRST NAME
  • REMINDERS

16
INSTRUCTOR NEEDS
TIME 3-4 X more intense upfront ORGANIZATION
EMPATHY EXPECTATIONS TECHNICAL
SUPPORT SUPPORTIVE ADMINISTRATOR
17
ACCOMPLISHMENTS
ADVISING RESEARCH TEACHING SERVICE ROBUST PROGRAM
-DIVERSITY -MATURITY -QUALITY
18
ONLINE LEARNING
  • Allen and Seaman (2004) reported that 53.6 of US
    1,100 institutions of higher education believed
    online learning opportunities were critical to
    their long-range strategy.
  • Majority of academic leaders believe that online
    learning quality is already equal to or superior
    to face-to-face instruction.

19
ONLINE LEARNING (CONT.)
  • More than two-million students now enroll for
    online courses projected to increase.
  • All Carnegie Class institutions expect more
    growth in online learning. Slowest rate expected
    at undergraduate level, but expected to find
    increases approximating 20.

20
PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
  • University of Phoenix 250,000 alumni 320,000
    students. Started in late 1970s.
  • Claimed persistence rate of 60.
  • Cost for Bachelor Degree 30 40,000.
  • American Council on Education (2000) claim was 16
    million students attending H. E. in the United
    States during 2006, and about two-million are
    engaged in online learning.

21
CAPELLA UNIVERSITY
  • Cooperates with U. S. Armed Forces.
  • 25 of all U.S. community colleges.
  • At least 120 corporations.
  • Transfer in up to 48-academic credits.
  • Tuition 4050 for doctoral study/quarter.
  • Costs for comprehensive exam, dissertation
    credits, and residential colloquium 3240.

22
Omaha
  • UN-O
  • Creighton
  • Several smaller institutions
  • Metro Community College
  • Bellevue
  • Regis
  • Phoenix
  • Gallup 800 pound gorilla

23
BYU
  • Dissertation on blended learning
  • BYU maximum enrollment almost 30,000
  • How to accommodate qualified students
  • Survey of BYU faculty
  • Interviewed 10 purposefully selected
  • Small number interviewees not favorable
  • Nature of course influenced attitudes

24
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25
16 PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS
  • Birmingham-Southern College - Birmingham, AL
  • Concordia College
  • Faulkner University
  • Huntingdon College Judson College
  • Miles College - Birmingham, AL
  • Oakwood College
  • Regions University
  • Samford University - Birmingham, AL 
  • Selma University Southeastern Bible College
    - Birmingham, ALSpring Hill College Stillman
    College Talladega College Tuskegee University
    United States Sports Academy University of
    Mobile

26
15 ALABAMA PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
  • Alabama AM University - Normal, AL Alabama
    State University - Montgomery, AL Athens State
    University - Athens, AL Auburn University -
    Auburn, ALAuburn University at Montgomery -
    Montgomery, AL
  • Jacksonville State University - Jacksonville, AL
    Troy University - Troy, AL The University of
    Alabama - Tuscaloosa, AL
  •  
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham -
    Birmingham, AL
  • University of Alabama in Huntsville -
    Huntsville, AL University of Montevallo -
    Montevallo, AL University of North Alabama -
    Florence, AL University of South Alabama -
    Mobile, AL University of West Alabama -
    Livingston, AL University of Alabama System -
    Tuscaloosa, AL

27
UAB
28
Headcount Enrollment by LevelFall 2006
  • Ungrad. Grad. First Prof. Total
  • UA
  • 19,474 3782 622
    23,878
  • UAB
  • 11,284 4302 975
    16,561
  • UAH
  • 5,7211 372 N/A
    7,093
  • UA System
  • 36,479 9,456 1,597
    47,532

29
2005-06 Completions by Degree-level
  • Bach. Master's Doc. 1st Prof.
    Total
  • UA 2,815 1,201 181 172
    4,369
  • UAB 1,706 1,157 143 260
    3,266
  • UAH 848 350 31 N/A
    1,229
  • UA System
  • 5,369 2,708 355 432
    8,864

30
Fall 05 Full-time Faculty and Staff
  • UA UAB UAH
    UAS
  • Faculty 922 1,957 299
    3,178
  • Staff 2,748 5,791 819
    9,358
  • Total 3,670 7,481 181
    12,536
  • Not including the hospital

31
FACTS
  • 2005 PER CAPITA INCOME 19,493
  • 2005 POPULATION 4,557,808
  • STATE AREA 52,423 SQUARE MILES
  • DENSITY RATIO 11.6/SQUARE MILE

32
(No Transcript)
33
ONLINE STUDENT CHARACTERISTICS
  • Community not important
  • Working professionals
  • Prior postsecondary education.
  • Family obligations.
  • Older more mature.
  • Goal oriented.
  • Diverse Geographically Culturally.

34
FACULTY LOAD
  • Work done at front end.
  • Better control over weekly schedule.
  • Auditory issues.
  • Continuously monitor.
  • Know students much better.
  • On call 24/7.
  • Carl Rogers

35
PROGRAM ISSUES
  • Ph.D. versus Ed.D.
  • Nature of comprehensive examination.
  • Nature of dissertation.
  • Need for residency period?
  • Number of doctoral advisees.
  • Core courses?
  • Research emphasis.
  • Scholarship demonstrated.

36
SUMMARY
  • Revenue generation.
  • Increasing competition for students.
  • Decreasing enrollments.
  • Enhancement of quality in applicants and
    learning.
  • Greater involvement between and among faculty and
    students.
  • Student focused learning networking.
  • Flexibility for instructors and students.
  • Increased access for students.
  • Marked increase in scholarship for faculty
    students.

37
FINALE
  • The winds of change can be expected to blow
    continuously. Some will be soft and enjoyable but
    others will be strong and harsh.
  • Ivankova, N., Stick, S. (2007). Online Higher
    Education Programs New Challenges, New
    Frontiers, New Learning and New Scholarship. In
    M. Miller D. Wright (Eds.) Training Higher
    Education Policy Makers and Leaders A Graduate
    program Perspective. Charlotte, NC Information
    Age Publishing/ Greenwood.
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