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The Compost Industry

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The Compost Industry – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Learn more at: http://www.gov.ns.ca
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Title: The Compost Industry


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The Compost Industry
  • Twofold Opportunity ---
  • Resource Utilization
  • Value-Added Product(s) Creation

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Mission To advance composting and compost usage
across Canada
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Composting in Canada
  • backyard composting
  • on-site composting
  • large-scale centralized composting

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Current Status of our Industry
  • Significant momentum in development of Composting
    Infrastructure across Canada
  • strong waste diversion focus

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But to Capture the Full Potential of our Industry
  • Need to embrace an equivalent emphasis on product
    creation and marketing

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Raw Product
Compost
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The Ideal Soil
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In Canada
  • 3 organizations responsible for
    standards/regulations for composting
  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency
  • Provincial Territorial Governments
  • Standards Council of Canada

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Scope of Responsibilities
  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency
  • Regulates compost under the authority of the
    Fertilizer Act and Regulations
  • All compost that is sold in Canada must comply

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Scope of Responsibilities
  • Provinces Territories
  • Regulate the disposal and use of waste, including
    its production and use.
  • Canadian Council of Ministers of Environment
    (CCME) coordinates discussion and development of
    guidelines

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Scope of Responsibilities
  • Standards Council of Canada
  • Bureau de normalisation du Québec
  • - Establishes voluntary industry standards and
    endorses products which meet these standards

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The Rule Books
  • Fertilizers Act and Regulations (CFIA)
  • Guidelines for Compost Quality (CCME)
  • Organic Soil Conditioners Composts (BNQ)

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Focused Attention on
  • Environmental Health Safety
  • Trace Elements
  • Foreign Matter
  • Maturity
  • Pathogens

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Compost Classification
  • BNQ AA, A, B
  • CCME A, B
  • CFIA One category based on trace
  • element limits of B

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CCME AB
  • Differences are in the trace element
    concentrations
  • Category A unrestricted use
  • Category B restricted use as
  • determined by prov/terr.

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The Four Criteria
  • Trace Elements
  • -- Focused on 13 elements
  • Arsenic (As) Cadmium (Cd) Cobalt (Co) Chromium
    (Cr) Copper (Cu) Mercury (Hg) Molybdenum (Mo)
    Nickel (Ni) Lead (Pb) Selenium (Se) Zinc (Zn)

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Trace Elements
  • BNQ Types AA A are identical to the current
    CCME Category A
  • The B Classification is similar across all 3
    standards (altho chromium copper have not been
    identified by CFIA)
  • Maximum cumulative additions similar in both
    CCME/CFIA

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Foreign Matter
  • Safety Aesthetics are the primary consideration
  • Sharp foreign matter limits
  • Size/Amount differences

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Maturity
  • Various Compost Maturity Indicator Tests
    identified including
  • Oxygen uptake
  • Dewar
  • Time/Temperature criteria

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Pathogens
  • All 3 organizations provide focused criteria
    based on
  • Faecal coliforms count (lt 1,000 MPN/g)
  • Absence of salmonellae (lt3MPN/4g total solids)

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  • product standard
  • regulatory support
  • category marketing program

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Product Standard
  • Review of the BNQ Compost Standard conducted
    during the past year
  • Involved Compost Producers, Compost Users,
    Regulators and Support Groups
  • Public Consultation Period held in early 2004
  • Standard Committee approved updates to BNQ
    Compost Standard on September 14, 2004

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Regulatory Support
  • Updated BNQ Standard being reviewed by Canadian
    Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME)
    and Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA)
  • Objective of CCC is to incorporate BNQ update in
    both CCME guidelines and CFIA requirements

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Category Marketing Program
  • To help support the development of compost usage
    across many markets

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The Compost Quality Alliance
  • A voluntary industry quality program for compost

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  • The Compost Quality Alliance (CQA) is a voluntary
    program established by the Composting Council of
    Canada and compost producers utilizing
    standardized testing methodologies and uniform
    operating protocols to improve customer
    confidence in compost selection and utilization.

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  • Key Elements of the Program
  • Standardized product sampling
  • Uniform laboratory testing
  • Appropriate product attributes and usage
    guidelines

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The Specifics
  • compost facility signs up to be part of Compost
    Quality Alliance
  • frequency of product testing based on annual
    production volume

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  • Table 2 Product Attributes Declaration
  • Name of Product
  • Guaranteed Analysis
  • Organic Matter __
  • Maximum Moisture __
  • pH __
  • C/N ratio __
  • Particle Size __
  • Soluble Salts __
  • Na __
  • Directions for Use
  • Net Weight __ kg (plus Volume declaration at
    discretion of producer)

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About the CQA laboratory accreditation program
  • Participating CQA-laboratories across Canada and
    the United States are involved in the CAP
    (Compost Analysis Proficiency) program, a
    laboratory quality assurance program to calibrate
    procedures and evaluate inter-lab method
    performance. The Test Methods for Examination of
    Composting and Compost (TMECC) forms the basis of
    the analytical test methods. CAP is administered
    by Dr. Robert Miller of Colorado State
    University.
  • A list of CQA-approved laboratories is available
    by visiting www.compost.org.

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