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Airpower Through The Post Cold War (Part 2) 2. Overview

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Airpower Through The Post Cold War (Part 2) 2. Overview. Video ... Summary. Background to the Conflict. Iraqi threats. Air Defense Threat. The Plan of Attack ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Airpower Through The Post Cold War (Part 2) 2. Overview


1
Airpower Through The Post Cold War (Part 2)
2
Overview
  • Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue
  • Operation PROVIDE COMFORT/NORTHERN WATCH
  • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation SOUTHERN WATCH
  • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation PROVIDE RELIEF/RESTORE HOPE
  • Background to conflict and lessons learned

3
Beyond the Wild Blue Video
4
Beyond the Wild Blue
5
The Crisis in Iraq
  • UN Security Council established a no-fly zone
    over northern Iraq to protect the Kurdish people
    from attacks by Saddam Hussein
  • Operation Provide Comfort began on 5 Apr 91 as a
    humanitarian relief effort to deliver food,
    clothing, and supplies to Iraqs Kurdish refugees
  • C-130s began airdropping supplies on 7 Apr 91
  • Lasted approximately eight years and was then
    replaced by Operation Northern Watch

6
The Crisis in Iraq Lessons Learned - ONW
  • The need to avoid Fratricide
  • The limitations of airdrops
  • Host-country tensions
  • The need for alternate bases
  • Lack of an exit strategy

7
The Crisis in Iraq
  • Operation Southern Watch (OSW) was a Combined
    Task Force enforcing the no-fly zone below the
    36th parallel in southern Iraq
  • Not an aggression against Iraq executed as a
    self-defense measure
  • Coalition partners included the U.S., UK, France,
    Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait
  • More than 850 Iraqi SAM and AAA fire directed at
    coalition aircraft
  • Iraq violated the no-fly zone more than 160
    times
  • More than 150,000 USAF sorties by 1998

8
What weve effectively done since 1992 is
conduct an air occupation of a country
  • Gen Fogleman, Jul 1995

9
The Crisis in Iraq Lessons Learned - OSW
  • Became a test for USAF AEF concept in Oct 1995
  • Quality of life changes needed due to high
    Ops-Tempo
  • Reorganized Security Forces

10
The Crisis in Somalia
  • In-mid 1992, drought and civil war devastated
    Somalia
  • Food supplies became a weapon of war
  • Operation Provide Relief began on 22 Aug 1992 by
    the U.S. to deliver food to Somali refugees
  • Military and civilian aircraft used
  • Over 2,000 sorties, carrying 48,162 metric tons
    of food

11
The Crisis in Somalia
  • Although a humanitarian effort
  • 44 American soldiers lost their lives
  • 175 were injured or wounded
  • Danger of failure due to warlord interference
  • Operation Restore Hope
  • Coalition peacekeeping operation from 9 Dec 92
    4 May 93
  • First test of Rapid Global Mobility from the CONUS

12
The Crisis in Somalia Lessons Learned
  • First large scale test of newly formed AMC and
    the Tanker Airlift Control Center (TACC)
  • Difficulties evolved in the planning,
    coordinating and managing of the operation
  • Austere infrastructure of Somalia added to the
    lack of adequate bases for strategic airlift
    aircraft

13
Summary
  • Background to the Conflict
  • Iraqi threats
  • Air Defense Threat
  • The Plan of Attack
  • Concept of Operations
  • Five Strategic Rings
  • Targets
  • Campaign Overview
  • Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue

14
Summary
  • Video Clip/Beyond the Wild Blue
  • Operation PROVIDE COMFORT/NORTHERN WATCH
  • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation SOUTHERN WATCH
  • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation PROVIDE RELIEF/RESTORE HOPE
  • Background to conflict and lessons learned

15
Summary
  • Operation DENY FLIGHT
  • Background to conflict and lessons learned
  • Operation ALLIED FORCE
  • Background
  • NATO Actions
  • Operation ALLIED FORCE Begins
  • Operation ALLIED FORCE
  • Lessons learned by U.S. Military
  • Political Lessons Learned
  • Impact of Lessons Learned on Future DOD Budget
  • CFD Review
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