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SUICIDE PREVENTION

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MYTH: Talking about suicide will give some an idea to do it. ... MYTH: Suicide is an impulsive act. ... Most persons who attempt suicide have attempted to do ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SUICIDE PREVENTION


1
SUICIDE PREVENTION
7TH ARMY TRAINING COMMAND NON-COMMISSIONED
OFFICER ACADEMY PRIMARY LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT
COURSE
2
Related Terms
  • Ideation - Serious suicidal thoughts or threats.
  • Gesture - A deliberate act of self-harm that is
    not fatal and in which death was not really the
    goal.
  • Attempt - A clearly lethal act to take ones own
    life which would have been completed had not
    planned or chance intervention occurred.

3
WHO COMMITS SUICIDE?
  • Women attempt suicide more than men
  • Men succeed more often

4
MYTHS and FACTS
  • MYTH People who talk about suicide dont commit
    it.
  • FACT 80 of completed suicides had given
    definite indications of their intention.
  • MYTH Talking about suicide will give some an
    idea to do it.
  • FACT Suicidal people already have the idea.
    Talking about it may invite them to ask for help.

5
MYTHS and FACTS
  • MYTH All suicidal people are fully intent on
    dying. Nothing can be done about it.
  • FACT 95 are undecided about it. They call for
    help before or after the attempt.
  • MYTH Suicide is an impulsive act.
  • FACT Most suicides are carefully planned and
    thought about for weeks.
  • MYTH Suicidal people remain suicidal.
  • FACT Most are suicidal for only a brief period.
    Timely intervention may save their lives.

6
MYTHS and FACTS
  • MYTH A person who attempts suicide will not try
    again.
  • FACT Most persons who attempt suicide have
    attempted to do so before.
  • MYTH Improvement following a suicidal crisis.
  • FACT Most suicides occur within 90 days after
    the beginning of improvement. Possibly the
    decision to solve ones problems through suicide
    offers relief.

7
MYTHS and FACTS
  • MYTH Suicidal persons are mentally ill.
  • FACT Most suicidal persons are not mentally ill.
    Severe emotionally distress is not the same as
    mental illness.
  • MYTH December has the highest suicide rate.
  • FACT December has one of the lowest rates.
    Spring months have the highest.
  • MYTH Its not suicide if there is no note.
  • FACT Only 1 in 4 suicides leave notes.

8
PRIMARY SIGNS
  • Feelings of
  • Hopelessness
  • Helplessness
  • Worthlessness

The HHW Syndrome
9
CAUSES OF THE HHW SYNDROME
  • Worries about job or school performance
  • Loss of emotional support system
  • Loss of social or financial status
  • Drug/Alcohol abuse
  • Loss of job
  • Debt/Low Income
  • Relationship problems
  • Separation/Divorce
  • Death of family member or close friend

10
BE ALERT FOR CLUES!
NEARLY 80 OF THOSE WHO ATTEMPT OR COMMIT SUICIDE
GIVE SOME TO THEIR INTENTIONS.
11
VERBAL WARNINGS!!
  • Im going to kill myself!
  • Id be better off dead.
  • I just cant go on any longer.
  • You wont be seeing me around anymore.
  • Im getting out, no matter what.
  • Im going home real soon.

12
BEHAVIORAL WARNINGS!!
  • Organizing business and personal matters.
  • Giving away possessions.
  • Composing a suicide note.
  • Buying a gun.
  • Planning ones own funeral.
  • Obsession with death.
  • A sudden lift in spirits.

13
DEPRESSION SYMPTOMS
  • Withdrawal
  • Overwhelming Sadness
  • Lack of Energy
  • Irritability
  • Emotional Emptiness
  • Change in Attitude

14
HISTORICAL FACTORS
People Are at Greater Risk if They Have
  • Made a Previous Suicide Attempt
  • A Family History of Suicide
  • Lost a Friend Through Suicide
  • Been Involved with Drugs or Alcohol
  • A History of Alcoholism in the Family

15
THINGS TO REMEMBER
  • Take Threats Seriously
  • Answer Cries for Help
  • Confront the Problem
  • Be Direct
  • Tell Them That You Care
  • Get Professional Help

16
WHAT NOT TO DO
  • Leave the Person Alone
  • Assume the Person is not the type
  • Keep It a Secret
  • Act Shocked
  • Argue, Reason or Analyze
  • Shock or Challenge

17
HELPING AGENCIES
  • Army Community Service
  • Social Work Services
  • Family Support Group
  • Mental Health
  • Chaplain

18
A HUMAN LIFE CAN BE SAVED THROUGH A HUMAN
RELATIONSHIP. BE A FRIEND TO SOMEONE IN NEED.
19
US ARMY CHAPLAINCY
  • PRO DEO ET PATRIA
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