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Green Best Practices for Local Governments

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Usage of Solar Panels. in Municipalities. OSC released audit in February 2008. Assessed the effects of installing solar panel systems in municipalities. Albany County ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Green Best Practices for Local Governments


1
Green Best Practices for Local Governments
  • Coraline Falco, Research Analyst
  • Dave Sears, Examiner
  • Cornell Municipal Clerks Institute
  • July 21, 2008

Office of the State Comptroller Thomas P.
DiNapoli Division of Local Government and School
Accountability Steven J. Hancox, Deputy
Comptroller
2
Outline
  • The issues cost, carbon, and climate change
  • Federal, New York State, and regional initiatives
  • Local government best practices
  • Green audits- results and discussion
  • Resources for local governments
  • Group discussion

3
The Issues
  • Increasing energy costs
  • New York State rates and demand
  • The reality of climate change
  • Relationship to electricity
  • The plan of attack
  • AVOID, minimize, mitigate
  • REDUCE, reuse, recycle

4
Federal, New York State, and Regional Initiatives
  • Federal
  • U.S. Climate Change Policy
  • Energy Star
  • U.S. Green Building Council LEED
  • State
  • Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS)
  • Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EPS)
  • Legislation, executive orders, and other agency
    regulations
  • Regional
  • Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI)

5
Best Practices Commitment to Sustainability
  • International definition of sustainability
  • meet the needs of the present without
    compromising the ability of future generations to
    meet their own needs
  • Commitment on all levels is key to action
  • Takes many forms
  • Case studies
  • Town of Irondequoit
  • Onondaga County

6
Best Practices Conservation and Efficiency
Strategies
  • Audits!
  • Plug load audit
  • Facility energy audit
  • Submeter segments of processes or separate
    buildings
  • Wastewater treatment facility case study

7
Best Practices Conservation and Efficiency
Strategies
  • Purchase electricity from alternative sources
  • Procurement law for local government (GML
    103-104)
  • Use energy performance contracting
  • Voluntarily reduce demand under a load management
    program

8
Best Practices Alternative Power Generation
  • Reduce reliance on traditional energy sources
  • Zoning and local permitting
  • Public power municipally-owned utilities
  • Create energy onsite
  • Photovoltaics (PV)/ solar panels
  • Geothermal
  • District heating and co-generation
  • Wind
  • Case studies
  • City of Auburn
  • Town of Martinsburg

9
Green Audits How Can Other Municipalities
Benefit?
  • Learn what similar municipalities have done
  • What worked best?
  • What to avoid?

10
Usage of Solar Panels in Municipalities
  • OSC released audit in February 2008
  • Assessed the effects of installing solar panel
    systems in municipalities
  • Albany County
  • Town of Hempstead
  • Town of Lansing
  • Town of Woodstock
  • Town of Rosendale
  • Village of New Paltz

11
Audit Objectives
  • What is the cost impact of the acquisition and
    usage of solar panels on the municipality?
  • What is the environmental impact of using solar
    panels?

12
PV / Solar Panels
  • The science behind the panels

13
PV Different Applications
  • Generally implemented to offset general
    electrical loads
  • Town of Hempsteads production went to power HVAC
    components lighting in Supervisors office
  • New Paltz allocated some of the generation to
    power emergency communication equipment

14
Cost of Installation
15
Return on Investment
16
Best Practices
  • Lansing used Town labor and equipment during slow
    periods
  • Woodstock purchased the components themselves
    through the contractor

17
What to Avoid
  • New Paltz had additional costs of 4,700 for a
    grant writer
  • Albany County incurred costs of 12,500 for the
    use of a consultant, in addition to the
    contractor who was in charge of the project
  • Bonding adds costs and decreases the return on
    investment

18
Environmental Impact
  • The generation of electricity creates greenhouse
    gases which contribute to global warming
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Nitrogen oxides
  • Sulfur dioxide

19
Greenhouse Gas Reductions
20
How to Proceed
  • NYSERDA runs the PV incentive program
  • About 12 million in funding
  • Offsets costs by up to 60

21
Other Funding and Technical Assistance
  • NYSERDA
  • www.nyserda.org
  • Database of State Incentives for Renewables and
    Efficiency
  • www.dsireusa.org
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • www.epa.gov/climatechange/wycd/stateandlocalgov/in
    dex.html
  • U.S. Department of Energy, Efficiency, and
    Renewable Energy
  • www.eere.energy.gov/states/state_specific_informat
    ion.cfm/stateNY

22
Assessing Green Initiatives
  • Measures and performance
  • Federal
  • New York State
  • Internal activities- OSC and other remarkable
    agencies
  • Other goals and the reductions necessary to meet
    them
  • Union of Concerned Scientists Report

23
Discussion
  • Share your stories
  • Other resources?
  • Suggestions
  • Footprint for this meeting?

24
  • For more information on any of these topics,
  • contact
  • Research and Policy Analysis Unit
  • (518) 486-6519
  • Statewide and Regional Audit Unit
  • (518) 438-0093

25
Office of the State Comptroller Division of
Local Government and School Accountability Researc
h Unit
  • What We Do
  • Review/summarize local government issues
  • Prepare executive issue briefings
  • Analyze data and highlight trends
  • Analyze and summarize legislation
  • Analyze selective municipal financial plans
  • Provide analytical support to Division and Agency
    activities

26
Office of the State Comptroller Division of
Local Government and School Accountability Statewi
de and Regional Projects Unit
  • What We Do
  • Conduct performance audits throughout New York
    State
  • Audits usually focus on a high profile topic
  • The same audit is conducted at multiple
    municipalities
  • Separate letters for each municipality accompany
    the global summary report

27
Thank You!
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