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African American Culture

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In 1777, one northern state after another began to abolish slavery. ... This website offers pictures of slavery that can be useful to students. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: African American Culture


1
African American Culture
  • Presented by
  • Robert Moore

2
Introduction
  • Hello Class! Today we will be studying the
    African American culture. By the end of the
    class, I hope everyone will gain knowledge and
    appreciation for the African American culture and
    recognize the contributions they have made to our
    society.

3
African American Origins
  • African Americans originated from West and
    Central Africa.
  • African Americans began to arrive in the United
    States in the 15th Century.

4
African American History
  • From the 15th century until 1860, it is estimated
    that more than 10 million Africans were
    transported from Africa to America due to
    slavery.
  • Most who were enslaved were farmers and raised
    livestock while in Africa.
  • Europeans loaded Africans onto ships. They were
    confined in irons for two or three months during
    the trans-Atlantic crossing.
  • Nearly one-half of the Africans on board died
    during this voyage.

5
History (continued)
  • In 1860, the election of Abraham Lincoln as
    President was the start of a large movement
    against slavery.
  • In 1777, one northern state after another began
    to abolish slavery.
  • By the mid 1820s most slaves were in the south
    due to the cotton industry.

6
History (continued)
  • In 1861, the Civil War broke out between the
    North and South. Blacks were allowed to fight in
    the war.
  • In 1863, The Emancipation Proclamation freed all
    slaves. Groups such as the KKK began to form.
  • Segregation between whites and blacks resulted.

7
History (continued)
  • On December 1, 1955, a black activist named Rosa
    Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her
    seat on a bus to a white man. This resulted in
    the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
  • A minister named Martin Luther King Jr. was ask
    to be a spokesman for the boycott organization.

8
History (continued)
  • Martin Luther King and many other Civil Rights
    leaders prompted changes in the way the United
    States treated African Americans. Martin Luther
    King is best known for his I Have a Dream
    speech given on August 28, 1962 at the march on
    Washington.

9
African American CultureValues and Customs
  • Africans were skilled iron workers, musicians,
    and artists. Their works have helped to shape
    American culture.
  • Africans valued their music and art, which can be
    seen in sculptures and artifacts with art on the
    body.

10
Values and Customs (continued)
  • Traditions are held for young teenagers to
    symbolize puberty, their bodies are decorated
    with paint.
  • Africans also perform many ceremonial dances for
    occasions such as hunting, birth, marriages, and
    funerals.

11
Language
  • African American Vernacular English (AAVE) is a
    dialect of English spoken by most African
    Americans. They also speak Creole, Gullah, and
    English.

12
Holidays and Traditions
  • African Americans celebrate Kwanzaa, an African
    American cultural holiday. Kwanzaa is celebrated
    from Dec. 26th -Jan.1st. Karamu, held on December
    31st, is celebrated with ceremonies, buffets, and
    festive attire. It is not a substitute for
    Christmas. It was founded in 1966 by Dr. Maulana
    Karenga and is currently observed by 18 million
    people worldwide.

13
Religion
  • Islam had a powerful presence in Africa before
    the slave trade. It is estimated that 20 of the
    people that were slaves were Muslims.
  • Christianity was introduced to the slaves by
    Europeans and Americans

14
Religion (continued)
  • In the southern slave states, many African
    Americans converted to Methodists or Baptists.
  • Vaudoe was practiced by 30 million people in West
    Africa. It used animal sacrifices and spirit
    possessions.

15
African American Foods
  • Historically, African American rites have
    revolved around food.
  • Soul food originated from cuisine developed by
    African slaves. This dishes were mainly from the
    South and were hearty and delicious. They
    included collard greens, leafy vegetables, beans,
    rice, and potatoes. Most of the diet is
    considered high in fat.
  • Sunday dinners were very important in African
    American culture.
  • Frying was the most common method of cooking.

16
Education
  • Discrimination is experienced by some African
    American children and can make learning
    difficult.
  • African American students achieve at high levels
    when they are allowed to learn in cooperative
    groups.
  • African American students tend to perform at low
    levels in mathematics, but are improving.

17
Education (continued)
  • The largest obstacle associated with African
    American education is poverty. Lack of funding
    and family resources create an environment that
    promotes difficulties in education.

18
Interaction Patterns
  • African Americans share common patterns of
    interaction and perception. They use a system of
    symbols and meaning as a part of their heritage.
  • African Americans tend to connect with their
    cultural identities.

19
Health Concerns
  • The prevalence of diabetes among African
    Americans is about 70 higher than among white
    Americans.
  • Infant mortality rates are twice as high for
    African Americans as for white Americans.
  • The HIV rate is higher in African Americans than
    white Americans.

20
African American StereotypesWe Know Theses Are
False!
  • Loud
  • More prone to violence
  • Athletic
  • Good dancers
  • Good singers
  • Talkative/Gossip

21
Famous African Americans
  • Martin Luther King Jr.. Civil Rights leader
  • Rosa Parks, black activist
  • Duke Ellington, famous pianist and band leader.

22
Thought for the Day
  • The United States has always been considered a
    melting pot because of our diverse mixing of
    people from all over the world. I prefer to call
    us a salad bowl. Think of all the different
    ingredients that come together to create an
    excellent blend of salad. People from diverse
    backgrounds are the ingredients that make this
    country great!
  • Robert Moore

23
QuestionsFull Class Activity
  • 1- The election of which President started the
    large movement against slavery in the United
    States?
  • 2- What famous Civil Rights leader is known for
    his I Have a Dream speech?
  • 3- What female black activist refused to give up
    her seat to a white man on a bus in Montgomery,
    Alabama? Her action prompted the Montgomery Bus
    Boycott.
  • 4- What African American holiday is celebrated
    from December 26th -January 1st?

24
Questions (continued)
  • 5- What is the name given to food that originated
    from cuisine developed by African slaves?
  • 6- What is the largest obstacle that African
    Americans face that is associated with education?

25
Reflection QuestionShort Essay
  • Think about what you have learned today. In your
    own words, tell how you feel the African American
    culture differs from your own culture. List some
    of the difficulties African Americans have faced
    in the past and continue to face today. Relate
    these difficulties to difficulties your culture
    has faced. We will share our essays with the
    class during our next meeting.

26
Works Cited
  • African Pictures. Retrieved 27 Feb 2007
  • www.african-safaris-adventures.com
  • This website offers pictures taken throughout
    Africa. It allows students and parents to get a
    visual representation of life in Africa.
  •  
  • Agatucci, Cora. African Timelines History
    Orature, Literature, and Films. Central Oregon
    Community College. Retrieved 26 Feb 2007.
  • http//web.cocc.edu/cagatucci/classes/hum211/time
    lines/htimelinetoc.htm
  • This website gives a five part series describing
    the timelines of events in Africa from ancient
    Africa to the present. It is a useful site to
    discover how the natives of Africa evolved
    through many struggles.

27
Works Cited (continued)
  • Giblin, James. Issues in African History. Arts
    and Life in Africa. University of Iowa. Retrieved
    27 Feb 2007
  • http//www.uiowa.edu/africart/toc/history/giblin
    history.html
  • This is another excellent website for parents
    and students to read to learn about the history
    of life in Africa. Parents and students can learn
    a great deal about African culture from this
    site.
  •  
  • Maffly-Kipp. African American Religion, Pt. 2
    From the Civil War to the Great Migration,
    1865-1920. University of North Carolina at Chapel
    Hill. Retrieved 24 Feb 2007.
  • http//www.nhc.rtp.nc.us/tserve/nineteen/nkeyinfo
    /aarcwgm.htm
  • This website offers good information on the
    religious development of African Americans from
    the post-slavery times until the present.

28
Works Cited (continued)
  • MLK on-line. Martin Luther King Picture Gallery.
    Retrieved 2 Mar 2007
  • http//www.mlkonline.net/
  • This website shows pictures of Martin Luther
    King Jr. throughout his days of activism. It is a
    good website for parents and students to use to
    be able to put a face with the name Martin Luther
    King.
  • MSN Encarta. African American History. Retrieved
    2 March, 2007
  • http//encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761595158/Afr
    ican_American_History.html
  • This website outlines the history of African
    Americans from their origins in Africa to the
    current time. It is an excellent resource for
    information about slavery, civil rights, and
    political and social gains. This website would be
    an excellent resource for students and parents.

29
Works Cited (continued)
  • Nobelprize.org. Martin Luther King. Retrieved 2
    Mar 2007
  • http//nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureate
    s/1964/king-bio.html
  • This is an excellent biography website that
    students as well as parents can use to learn
    about Martin Luther King.
  •  
  • Slavery Pictures. Retrieved 27 Feb 2007
  • http//www.sonofthesouth.net/Slavery_Pictures_.ht
    m
  • This website offers pictures of slavery that can
    be useful to students. It will help them to see
    how slaves looked during that period.

30
Works Cited (continued)
  • University of Washington Libraries. African
    American History. Retrieved 25 Feb 2007
  • http//www.lib.washington.edu/subject/History/tm/
    black.html
  • This site would be useful for students to do
    research on the history of African Americans. It
    gives several areas that you can click on to take
    you to different topics involving African
    American History.
  •  

31
The End!
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