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Art in Context

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... purpose of his art, he contends, is simply to make the world a 'more beautiful ... feature is quite obviously those gorgeous, bulbous, ocean-sized eyes. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Art in Context


1
Art in Context
  • Outcomes
  • 1) Look at the artist you have chosen to study on
    this powerpoint.
  • 2) Answer the questions about your artist from
    the art in context sheet in more detail.
  • 3) Choose a picture you want to study/write about
    in more depth and print a colour version of it
    (if you havent already)
  • 4) Make links to the words highlighted in blue,
    using the following website www.artlex.com. To
    give you even more information.

2
Georgia O Keefe
  • American
  • Surrealist painter
  • who concentrated on massive close ups of
    flowers, as well as moody landscapes of the
    American mid-west
  • She worked primarily in oil-paint and by the
    mid-1920s, she began making large scale paintings
    of natural forms from close up, as if seen
    through a magnifying lens.
  • A lot of critics have suggested that her flowers
    are very feminine.
  • Ideas What could you study in an extreme amount
    of detail?

3
Audrey Flack
  • American
  • Contemporary Painter
  • PhotoRealist
  • She uses airbrushes
  • She concentrates on mystical and very colourful
    still life groups
  • The objects she chooses to paint are very
    personal to her
  • This painting is called Wheel of Fortune
  • Her paintings can be compared to the Dutch
    Vanitas paintings which used objects in a very
    symbolic way to suggest life and death. (Small
    image to the right)

4
Art Nouveau
  • 1900-1910
  • An International movement involving artists from
    many different countries
  • Art Nouveau can be recognised by the use of
    flowing lines based on natural forms. Plants,
    flowers , shells and animals were all sources of
    inspiration for designers.
  • See the Powerpoint Presentation on the Year 8
    Art page of the school website for more
    information.

5
Islamic art
  • Islam is the religion of Muslims, based upon the
    submission of the faithful to the will of Allah
    (the only God) Today, one fifth of the world's
    population believes in Islam.
  • Of all the visual arts, calligraphy has been
    most highly regarded as a fine art by Muslims.
    The Arabic alphabet in various scripts, generally
    in combination with arabesque ornament, became
    the most prized decoration for architecture and
    other functional works, such as furniture,
    textiles, and vessels. Indeed, with the exception
    of poets and calligraphers, Muslims have never
    looked to artists for special insights or
    meanings. They have regarded the arts primarily
    as the decorative arts, based greatly upon the
    study of mathematics, and involving intricately
    geometric designs. The absence of figures is a
    characteristic feature of Islamic religious art.
    It is occasionally said that figures were banned
    in Islam from the start, but this is untrue.

6
Blossfeldt
  • A German photographer who concentrated on highly
    detailed black and white photographs of flowers.
  • Karl Blossfeldt (1865 1932) was a German
    photographer, sculptor, teacher, and artist who
    worked in Berlin, Germany, at the turn of the
    century. He worked with a camera he designed
    himself. That camera allowed him to greatly
    magnify the objects he was capturing, to up to 30
    times their actual size. He spent much of his
    time devoted to the study of nature. In his
    career of more than 30 years, he photographed
    nothing but plants, or rather, sections of
    plants. In many of his photographs, he would zoom
    in so close to a plant that the plant no longer
    looked like a plant. The images he created looked
    more like lovely, abstract forms. His photos
    revealed the amazing detail found in nature.
  • When Blossfeldt began his career, photography
    was still quite new. Many people saw it as a
    scientific tool. They looked at it as an
    infallible means of capturing the world. Many
    people did not look at photography as an art form
    yet. Blossfeldt's work can be seen as a
    transition between looking at photography as just
    science and looking at photography as art.

7
Roy Lichtenstein
American Pop Art 1960s (Flower power, hippies,
youth culture) Much of his work is based on comic
strips, which at the time were very basic, using
only the Primary colours. He invented a technique
using benday dots for half tones, which he
stencilled through a metal mesh Acrylic paints
(had just been invented, a very bright paint ,
initially meant to be weatherproof for large
outside murals. It dries very quickly and has PVA
glue mixed with it, making it very
hard-wearing. His work reflects a
materialistic/consumer society. It is bright,
brash, bold and fun
8
James Rosenquist
  • American
  • Pop Art
  • 1960s (Flower power, hippies, youth culture)
  • Acrylic paints (had just been invented, a very
    bright paint , initially meant to be weatherproof
    for large outside murals. It dries very quickly
    and has PVA glue mixed with it, making it very
    hard-wearing.
  • His work reflects a materialistic/consumer
    society.
  • It is bright, brash, bold and fun

9
William Morris
  • William Morris (March 24, 1834 October 3, 1896)
    was an English artist, writer, socialist and
    activist. He was one of the principal founders of
    the British Arts and Crafts movement, best known
    as a designer of wallpaper and patterned fabrics,
    a writer of poetry and fiction and a pioneer of
    the socialist movement in Britain.
  • His family was wealthy, and he went to school at
    Marlborough College.
  • He and his friends formed an artistic movement,
    the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. They eschewed the
    tawdry industrial manufacture of decorative arts
    and architecture and favoured a return to
    hand-craftsmanship, raising artisans to the
    status of artists. He espoused the philosophy
    that art should be affordable, hand-made, and
    that there should be no hierarchy of artistic
  • Victorian designer, famous for his intricate
    flower designs

10
Christo
  • Christo creates environmental installation art.
    His works include the wrapping of the Reichstag
    in Berlin and the Pont Neuf bridge in Paris and
    the 24-mile-long curtain called Running Fence in
    Marin and Sonoma counties in California Although
    his work is visually impressive and often
    controversial as a result of its scale, he has
    denied that his projects contain any deeper
    meaning than their immediate aesthetic. The
    purpose of his art, he contends, is simply to
    make the world a "more beautiful place" or to
    create new ways of seeing familiar landscapes.
    Art critic David Bourdon has described Christo's
    wrappings as a "revelation through concealment."

11
Monet
  • Impressionist Painter
  • 1890s
  • French
  • Loved light and the play of light and shadow on
    natural objects
  • Would paint the same thing over and over again,
    but at different times of the day, in order to
    capture the fleeting moment
  • The invention of oil paint in tubes meant that
    for the first time painters were not confined to
    a studio, could take their equipment with them,
    and paint outside!
  • Impressionist painters didnt use black in their
    palette as they felt that this colour doesnt
    occur naturally in nature. They painted quickly
    and used a series of dashes and paint strokes to
    build up a picture, which shocked their
    audiences! (who were used to paintings that
    looked like photographs at this time)

12
Sas Christian
  • British Contemporary artist (Female)
  • She works in acrylic paints and oils.
  • Sas says, Theyre older than adolescent. Its
    their eyes that give them that childlike
    quality. It is the eyes. In every one of her
    pieces, the predominant feature is quite
    obviously those gorgeous, bulbous, ocean-sized
    eyes. They pull you right in. Sas Christian
    works out of Fort Lauderdale, Florida with her
    husband Colin, who is also a talented artist. She
    finds her inspiration all over, in one-liners and
    in music. She hasnt been painting for very long.
    She kind of stumbled into it, by discovering that
    she was good at it. And that she is. With her
    graphic design background, her work hints at an
    illustrators genius.
  • the artists she most admires would be
    Bouguereau, Tamara De Lempicka, Mark Ryden... Sas
    draws inspiration from everyday occurences,
    movies and music.

13
Kahlo
  • Mexican
  • Born 1907, died 1951
  • Female artist
  • Influenced by Surrealism and Mexican Folk Art
  • She was intensely proud of her background and
    heritage, much of her artwork dealt with her
    identity
  • She used Oil Paint.
  • She suffered from a horrific tram injury which
    meant a number of spinal operations, and spending
    a great deal of her life in pain.

14
Banksy
  • Banksy (1974 -- ) is a graffiti artist from
    Bristol, UK, whose artwork has appeared
    throughout London and other locations around the
    world. Despite this he carefully manages to keep
    his real name from the mainstream media. However,
    many newspapers assert that his real name is
    Robert or Robin Banks.Banksy, despite not
    calling himself an artist, has been considered by
    some as talented in that respect he uses his
    original street art form, often in combination
    with a distinctive stencilling technique, to
    promote alternative aspects of politics from
    those promoted by the mainstream media.
  • Some believe that his stencilled graffiti
    provides a voice for those living in urban
    environments that could not otherwise express
    themselves, and that his work is also something
    which improves the aesthetic quality of urban
    surroundings many others disagree, asserting
    that his work is simple vandalism
  • Due to the shroud of secrecy surrounding his real
    identity and his subversive character Banksy has
    achieved somewhat of a cult following from some
    of the younger age group within the stencilling
    community.

15
Gormley
  • Antony Mark David Gormley OBE (born 30 August
    1950) is an English sculptor. His best known
    works include the Angel of the North, a public
    sculpture in Gateshead and Another Place on
    Crosby Beach near Liverpool.
  • Almost all of his work takes the human body as
    its subject, with his own body used in many works
    as the basis for metal casts.
  • Gormley describes his work as "an attempt to
    materialise the place at the other side of
    appearance where we all live." Many of his works
    are based on moulds taken from his own body, or
    "the closest experience of matter that I will
    ever have and the only part of the material world
    that I live inside."
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