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William Shakespeares Hamlet, Prince of Denmark

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William Shakespeare's Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Lecturer: Audrey Tinkham. April 13, 2004 ... Scene 1: The Ghost, the setting & context. Scene 2: Claudius, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: William Shakespeares Hamlet, Prince of Denmark


1
William Shakespeares Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
  • Lecturer Audrey Tinkham
  • April 13, 2004

2
Themes in Hamlet
  • Revenge
  • Religion the Otherworldly
  • Disease and Corruption
  • Appearance vs. Reality
  • Fortune, Fate, Providence
  • Impossibility of Certainty
  • Mortality
  • Complexity of Action

3
Hamlet, Act I
  • Scene 1 The Ghost, the setting context
  • Scene 2 Claudius, Gertrude, Hamlet
  • Scene 3 Laertes, Ophelia, Polonius
  • Scenes 4 5 Hamlet and the Ghost

4
Hamlet, Act II
  • Scene 1 Polonius and Reynaldo
  • Scene 2
  • Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
  • Polonius, Gertrude, and Claudius
  • Polonius and Hamlet
  • Hamlet and Rosencrantz Guildenstern
  • Hamlet and the Players

5
Hamlet, Act III
  • Scene 1 The plot thickens Hamlet and Ophelia
  • Scene 2
  • Hamlet and the Players
  • Hamlet and Horatio
  • Hamlet and Ophelia
  • The Play within a Play
  • Scene 3 Claudiuss Prayer
  • Scene 4 Hamlet Gertrude Polonius slain

6
Hamlet, Act IV
  • Scene 1 Disposing of the corpse
  • Scene 2 Hamlet and Rosencrantz Guildlenstern
  • Scene 3
  • In search of the corpse
  • Hamlet and Cladius
  • Hamlet departs for England

7
Hamlet, Act IV
  • Scene 4 Fortinbras marches Hamlet reflects
  • Scene 5
  • Ophelias madness
  • Laertes storms the castle
  • Laertes and Ophelia
  • Scene 6 Letter from Hamlet re pirate ship
  • Scene 7
  • Cladius and Laertes conspire
  • Ophelia dies

8
Hamlet, Act V
  • Scene 1
  • Clown and gravedigger
  • Hamlet and Yorick
  • Ophelias burial
  • Scene 2
  • Hamlet explains his trick
  • Osric invites Hamlet to fencing match
  • Madness and mayhem ensue
  • Fortinbras claims Denmark

9
Critical Perspectives
  • We are now come to a scene which I have always
    much admired. I cannot think it possible that
    such an Incident could have been managed better,
    nor more conformably to Reason and Nature. The
    Prince, conscious of his own good Intensions and
    the Justness of the Cause he undertakes to plead,
    speaks with that Force and Assurance which Virtue
    always gives, and yet manages his Expressions so
    as not to treat his Mother in a disrespectful
    Manner . . . . And his inforcing the
    Heinousness of his Mothers Crime with so much
    Vehemence, and her guilty Confessions of her
    Wickedness . . . Are all Strokes from the Hand of
    a great Master in the Imitation of Nature . . . .
    The Ghosts not being seen by the Queen was very
    proper for we could hardly suppose that a Woman
    . . . Could be able to bear so terrible a Sight.
    (George Stubbes, 1736)

10
Critical Perspectives
  • The queen was not a bad-hearted woman, not at
    all the woman to think little of murder. But she
    had a soft animal nature, and was very dull and
    very shallow. She loved to be happy, like a sheep
    in the sun and, to do her justice, it pleased
    her to see others happy, like more sheep in the
    sun. She never saw that drunkenness is disgusting
    till Hamlet told her so and, though she knew
    that he considered her marriage oer-hasty, she
    was untroubled by any shame at the feelings which
    had led to it. It was pleasant to sit upon her
    throne and see smiling faces round her and
    foolish and unkind of Hamlet to persist in
    grieving for his father instead of marrying
    Ophelia. She is genuinely attached to her son
    (though willing to see her lover exclude him from
    the throne) and, no doublt, she considered
    equality of rank a mere trifle compared with the
    claims of love. The belief at the bottom of her
    heart was that the world is a place constructed
    simply that people may be happy in it in a good
    humoured sensual fashion. (A. C. Bradley, 1904)

11
Something is Rotten in the State of Denmark
  • Foreshadowings I.i.69-83, 116-129
  • Unweeded garden I.ii.133-37
  • They clepe us drunkards I.iv.17-38
  • Smiling, damnèd villain I.v.106-10
  • I lack advancement III.ii.335-43
  • Those many many bodies III.iii.8-23
  • Through the guts of a beggar IV.iii.19-32
  • Th election and my hopes V.ii.57-70

12
Hamlets Issues
  • What troubles Hamlet? I.ii.129-59
  • Unmanly grief I.ii.87-97
  • What an Ass am I! II.ii.549-88
  • A consummation devoutly to be wished
    III.I.57-91
  • When honors at the stake IV.iv.33-67
  • Our indiscretion V.ii.4-10
  • Let be V.ii.207-22

13
Hamlet Ophelia
  • What transpires in their relationship?
  • I.iii.29-44, 100-35
  • II.ii.182-86
  • III.i.89-164
  • III.ii.107-126
  • Ophelias madness
  • IV.v.46-74

14
Hamlet in Performance
  • In preparation for the next two classes, make a
    few notes for yourself on how you stage the
    following scenes in your minds eye. (How you
    stage them depends, of course, on how you
    interpret them)
  • Hamlet and the Ghost
  • Ophelia and Polonius
  • Hamlets soliloquy in III.i
  • Hamlet and Ophelia
  • Hamlet and Gertrude
  • Scenes concerning Fortinbras
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