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Multimedia Training Kit


E-mail, text processing, sms messaging, spreadsheets. Applications tailored to specific needs ... Infrastructure is in place to process payments through credit cards ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Multimedia Training Kit

Multimedia Training Kit
  • What is ICT policy?

Session objectives
  • Understand what ICT policy is
  • Understand the areas covered by ICT policy
  • Be able to identify areas where ICT policy has an
  • Understand ICT policy principles
  • Understand ICT policy for development
  • Identify 5 critical areas in ICT policy

ICT policy
  • Policy is a tool to ensure a match between vision
    and action
  • Vision reduced rural/urban disparities
  • Policy expand infrastructure to rural areas
    including telecommunications infrastructure and
    aim for universal access
  • Action create universal service/access fund

ICT policy principles
  • To benefit all citizens (e.g. gender equality,
    address rural-urban divides)
  • To encourage wide ownership
  • Transparent and open
  • Based on consultation
  • To empower all actors
  • Action-oriented to make things happen

What does ICT policy cover?
  • Telecommunications
  • Broadcasting
  • Internet

  • Sending and receiving messages over
    electromagnetic systems (cable, radio waves,
    optical devices)
  • Telecom sector
  • Services, products, policy, regulation, users
  • Public and private

  • Sending of messages (programmes) intended for
    reception by the general public
  • Radio, television
  • May be targeted locally or globally
  • Public and private
  • From community radio to CNN

The Internet
  • Collection of computer networks linked using
    common protocols or standards
  • Global links smaller networks around the world
  • Facilitates the communication and sharing of
    information by individuals and institutions

Single policy framework
  • Telecommunications, broadcasting the Internet
  • Use same infrastructure to convey messages
  • Can deliver same content
  • Address same users

Policy framework
  • Common policy framework needed to address issues
    of national importance
  • Risk of media concentration, diversity of
    content, suppression of local voices
  • Universality of access populations without
    access to communications infrastructure are cut
    off from national debates, government services

5 cross-cutting policy issues
  • Focus ICT as development enabler or as sector
  • Human capacity
  • Applications content
  • Infrastructure/access
  • Enterprise

Exercise 1
  • In groups (of 4-5) address the following
  • What sectors/groups could benefit most from ICT
    applications? How?
  • Identify problems and barriers to successful use
    of ICTs (provide brief info re local/national
  • What conditions justify investment in local ICT
  • Report back

Focus 1
  • Where will emphasis lie
  • On building local ICT sector to produce and
    market hardware/software
  • Issues market size regional integration
    skills investment capital
  • On using ICT to transform and improve
    productivity in development sectors
  • Issues development priorities skills

Focus 2
  • Competing with international suppliers is a
    challenge given small market size in many
    developing countries - regional integration
  • Niche markets may emerge adapting tools to local
    needs - African languages, graphics, literacy,
    local mapping
  • Most policies aim for balance with emphasis on
    enabling development

Human capacity 1
  • Introduction of ICTs needs to be accompanied by
    human resource development programme at all
    education levels
  • Aimed at
  • Providing access to and maintenance of
    infrastructure, hardware, software
  • Supporting effective use
  • Developing innovative solutions to local problems

Human capacity 2
  • Brain drain ICT skills move from public to
    private sector and from relatively low paying
    developing countries to industrialized world
  • Policy needs to
  • Create incentives
  • Scale introduction of ICTs to available resources

Applications / Content 1
  • Generic applications
  • E-mail, text processing, sms messaging,
  • Applications tailored to specific needs
  • Development and delivery of content or tools to
    support priority local or national programmes
    e.g. directories of community services, education
    content, content for gender advocates and human
    rights activists
  • Applications that link different technologies
  • Using Internet resources to meet local
    information needs and disseminating results
    through community radio

Applications / Content 2
  • Policy needs to
  • Create a supportive environment for the local
    development of applications and content
  • Promote involvement of users in design in order
    to maximize use
  • Create dependable environment through training,
    maintenance, adaptation
  • Create secure legal environment

Infrastructure / Access 1
  • Extending infrastructure and access to rural
    areas is a key challenge in Africa
  • Needs investment from international private
  • Privatization sale of of national
    telecommunications operator
  • Introduction of competition
  • Regulation

Infrastructure / Access 2
  • Phasing in of privatization, competition,
    regulation is key to success
  • Regulatory mechanisms should be in place before
    opening of markets
  • Regulator needs to be independent of political
  • Building regulatory skills is a challenge
  • Regional and stripped down models to be

Enterprise 1
  • Policy needs to stimulate both local and foreign
  • Innovations most likely to arise from local
    knowledge and understanding for development by
    local business
  • But external investment necessary to extend
    infrastructure and introduce new technologies

Enterprise 2
  • Predictable environment for business includes
  • Local finance and credit facilities
  • Secure property rights
  • Fair tax regimes
  • Acceptable tariffs on ICT equipment

Intersection with policy in other sectors
  • To realize the enabling benefits of ICT requires
    that ICT policy is coordinated with policy in
    other sectors
  • finance, education, health, trade commerce,
    industry, tourism

Examples of intersections
  • E-commerce requires
  • Infrastructure is in place to process payments
    through credit cards
  • The privacy and security of Internet transactions
  • Orders can be completed through speedy shipment
    of goods

Examples of intersections
  • If computers are introduced into schools measures
    are needed to
  • Ensure equal access by girls and boys
  • Create adequate supply of trained teachers
  • Facilitate import of computers and related
  • Maintain hardware and software through local

Exercise 2
  • In the same groups (as in Exercise 1), formulate
    ICT policy measures to address the problems and
    barriers identified. Groups can choose a set of
    problems/barriers or focus on barriers for
    specific groups (e.g. women, the disabled, rural
    populations, urban poor, schools, health clinics).

  • What is ICT policy?
  • Principles of ICT policy
  • Impact of ICT policy
  • Cross-cutting issues
  • Understand ICT policy for development

Multimedia Training Kit
  • What is ICT policy?