Hieroglyphs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Hieroglyphs PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 27dd2-OGI0Z


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation



Introduction. Part I. Hieroglyphs deciphered. a. The Rosetta Stone ... a. The Rosetta Stone ... The Rosetta Stone. British Museum, London. 7. b. Champollion ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:3552
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 16
Provided by: bmon


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Hieroglyphs

  • Introduction
  • Part I. Hieroglyphs deciphered
  • a. The Rosetta Stone
  • b. Champollion
  • Part II. How to read the hieroglyphs
  • a. The hieroglyphs
  • b. Alphabetic signs
  • c. Syllabic signs
  • d. Determinative signs
  • e. Numbers
  • Conclusion
  • References

  • Hieroglyphs are pictures that were used to write
    the ancient Egyptian language
  • The language consisted of more then 750
    individual signs
  • Since the ancient language has never been heard,
    we are not sure how words were pronounced
  • The picture signs can be written from right to
    left from left to right or vertically, reading
  • If they are facing right, the inscription is read
    from right to left

Part I. Hieroglyphs deciphered
  • The ancient Egyptian word for hieroglyphs,
    literally translated as language of the gods
  • Priests used hieroglyphs to write down prayers,
    magical texts, and texts related to life after
  • When preparing their tombs, many people had
    autobiographies and hieroglyphic guides of the
    afterworld written on the surfaces of tomb walls
  • The Egyptians believed that these texts helped
    guide the dead through the afterlife
  • Civil officials used them to write royal
    documents of long-term importance, to record
    historical events

a. The Rosetta Stone
  • After the fall of ancient Egyptian civilization
    in 30 BC, the meaning of hieroglyphs remained a
    mystery for about 1,800 years
  • During the French occupation of Egypt from 1798
    to 1801, a group of French soldiers and engineers
    uncovered a large stone now known as the Rosetta
  • It contains the same text written three different
    waysin hieroglyphs, in the demotic script, and
    in ancient Greek.
  • The stone was taken to Europe, where scholars
    translated the ancient Greek and used the
    information to decipher the other two texts

The Rosetta StoneBritish Museum, London
b. Champollion
  • In 1822, a French Egyptologist named Jean
    François Champollion figured out how to decipher
    hieroglyphic writing
  • He realized that the hieroglyphs that spelled
    "Ptolemy" were enclosed in a cartouche, so he was
    able to match it up to the Greek spelling
  • This discovery enabled him to equate the
    unfamiliar hieroglyphs with familiar Greek words
    and to translate the entire message
  • The writing was a message about Ptolemy V, who
    was ruling Egypt at the time

II. How to read the hieroglyphs
  • THERE are three forms of writing that were used
    to write the ancient Egyptian language
  • Hieroglyphs From the Greek meaning "sacred
    writing." this is the picture language that was
    used most often to decorate temples and monuments
  • Hieratic cursive form of writing, as script is
    to printed letters quicker to write since the
    picture quality of the language was reduced to a
    pattern of lines
  • Demotic means the people's writing shorthand
    version of the Hieratic script which was used
    during the Late Period

a. The hieroglyphs
  • Egyptian glyphs are divided into two groups
    phonograms, which are glyphs that represent
    sounds, and ideograms, which are glyphs that
    represent objects or ideas
  • The Egyptians constructed words by using a
    combination of the two types of glyphs
  • Readers must generally use both phonograms and
    ideograms to determine the significance of a word
    or phrase

b. Alphabetic signs
  • A single sound the Egyptians took most vowels for
    granted and did not represent them

c. Syllabic signs
  • represent a combination of two or three

d. Determinative signs
  • A determinative is a picture of an object which
    helps the reader. if you have a name, Bob, and it
    is followed by the "man" glyph, you can assume
    that Bob is the name of a man
  • King
  • Man
  • Woman

e. Numbers
  • After the fall of ancient Egyptian civilization
    in 30 BC, the meaning of hieroglyphs remained a
    mystery for about 1,800 years
  • The work of deciphering the hieroglyphs went on
    after Champollions death and continues up to the
    present day, continually providing new
    information about life in ancient Egypt

  • http//members.aol.com/egyptnew/glyph.htmla
  • http//www.fnspo.cz/mmm/egypt/hiero/1.htm
  • http//www.rostau.org.uk/AEgyptian-L/
  • http//www.eyelid.co.uk/e-name.htm
  • http//www.neferchichi.com/hieroglyphs.html
  • http//www.neferchichi.com/godsinfo.html
  • http//www.neferchichi.com/pharaohs.html
  • http//encarta.msn.com/encnet/refpages/RefArticle.
About PowerShow.com