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Olmec: the first Mesoamerican civilization, 1500400 BCE. Map showing sites and sites of influence an

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Considered Olmec Rosetta Stone All assertions of meaning are scholarly speculation ... Aztec, colossal stone relief of Coyolxauhqui (moon goddess) from Great ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Olmec: the first Mesoamerican civilization, 1500400 BCE. Map showing sites and sites of influence an


1
Olmec the first Mesoamerican civilization,
1500400 BCE.Map showing sites and sites of
influence and (right) Colossal Head, one of 10
Olmec head, four San Lorenzo in Veracruz, Mexico,
over 9ft high, Early Pre-classic. C. 1500-1200
BCE.
2
Olmec head (left) excavation, Veracruz, ca 1942
(below) at Anthropological Museum, Xalapa. The
largest of the colossal heads is over 9 high and
weighs more than 25 tons, made of basalt, a stone
that was brought from the Tuxtla mountains.
(upper right) National Geographic artist
rendering of transportation of colossal head.
3
(left) Olmec Wrestler, basalt figure of a
bearded man, Early or Middle Preclassic,
Veracruz, 26 H National Museum of Anthropology,
Mexico City(right) Olmec, Las Limas Monument,
greenstone, priest holding infant were-jaguar
deity from Las Limas, Veracruz, Middle Preclassic
period, 21.5 high. Knees and shoulders incised
with iconographs - profile heads of four Olmec
gods with cleft heads. Considered Olmec Rosetta
Stone All assertions of meaning are scholarly
speculation
4
Olmec carved jade and serpentine figures and
celts (ceremonial hand axes) and figures, La
Venta, Middle Formative Period. Figurines are c.
8H celts are 9 to 10 H. Cranial deformation,
loincloths, half-open mouths with deformed teeth
5
Olmec, hollow figures, white slipped ceramic, all
11-16 H, Early Formative (100-800 BC)Later
Mesoamerican cultures induced crossed eyes in
infants sign of beauty and elegance
6
Maya, one of 4 flints excavated at Copan
representing the diety K'awiil, the spirit of the
kings scepter.
7
Zapotec, Monte Alban, Building J, Late Preclassic
(c.150BC 150AD)Hieroglyph representing a
conquered town, Building J
8
Zapotec façade, Mitla, Oaxaca, Late Post Classic
period
9
Moche, Portraits of Cut Lip (L-R) at about 10
yrs, early 20s, and middle 30s ceramic, c. 300 CE
10
Teotihuacán "the place where one becomes a god
looking down the Avenue of the Dead from the
Pyramid of the Moon map of Teotihuacán heartland
and area of influence
11
Taíno, Zemi, (left back view), Dominican
Republic, after 1515 CE, wood, cotton, shell, and
glass, 32 H, National Ethnographic Museum, Rome.
Combines Taino, European, and African materials,
a syncretic spiritual object made for a high
ranking cacique
12
Aztec Empire in 1519 (right) Aztec Eagle
Warrior, hollow, life-sized ceramic recovered
from the Great Temple excavations. According to
legend, Azteca (Mexica) tribe entered central
Mexico from Aztlan in AD 1111. See Coe
pp.186- 187
13
Aztec, Tenochtitlán (left) artists historical
rendering, (right) map made by Cortez from
memory, published in 1524. There were three major
causeways that ran from the mainland into the
city which was divided into four districts and
populated by more than two hundred thousand
people. In 1521, Cortez demolished the ceremonial
center during the course of the longest
continuous battle ever recorded in military
history.
The city is spread out in circles of
jade, Radiating flashes of light like quetzal
plumes, Beside it the lords are borne in
boats Over them extends a flowery
mist. Nahuatl poem
14
Aztec, Templo Mayor (Great Temple) (right)
excavation site in 1978 the heart of the sacred
precinct in their capital city, Tenochtitlán (now
in Mexico City). Only the base remains of what
was once a massive double pyramid, which
represented the hill where Huitzilopochtli, the
god of god of war and of the sun, of the Aztec
origin myth, was born
15
Aztec, colossal stone relief of Coyolxauhqui
(moon goddess) from Great Temple of Tenochtitlan,
Late Post-Classic, c 11ft w Coatlicue (Serpent
Skirt), an earth goddess who gave birth to the
Aztec tribal deity, Huitzilopochtli, stone, 8 ft.
h
16
Aztec, page from the Codex Borgia, duality
represented by Death God back-to-back with
Quetzalcoatl, Life God, surrounded by their
calendar figures (right) Aztec Calendar Stone
from the Great Temple, Late Post-Classical period
17
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