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The Great War: The World in Upheaval 30

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Stalemate & New Weapons. No-Man's-Land. The Great War: The World in Upheaval. Zeppelin ... Revolutionary Ideas. The Great War: The World in Upheaval ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Great War: The World in Upheaval 30


1
The Great War The World in Upheaval (30)
2
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • How was the world transformed by the encounter in
    Sarajevo, June 28, 1914?

3
The Great War
  • Learning Outcomes
  • Be able to think about the historical
    circumstances that precipitated the Great War
  • Be able to explain how the Great War altered the
    political landscape and discredited established
    cultural traditions
  • Comprehend the shift in power away from Western
    Europe in the aftermath of the Great War
  • Appreciate the emergence of nationalist
    aspirations among colonized peoples in the
    aftermath of the Great War

4
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The Drift Toward War
  • Nationalist Aspirations
  • Self-Determination
  • Balkan Nationalism
  • Ottoman power
  • nationalist revolts
  • Austria-Hungary
  • Slavic peoples

5
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Austro-Hungarian Empire

6
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The Drift Toward War
  • National Rivalries
  • The Naval Race
  • Colonial Disputes
  • Germanys place in the sun
  • The Balkan Wars
  • Public Opinion

German Dreadnought
7
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The Drift Toward War
  • Understandings Alliances
  • The Central Powers
  • The Allies
  • War Plans

8
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The Drift Toward War War Plans

German Schlieffen Plan, 1905
9
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Global War
  • The Guns of August 23 July to 4 August
  • Declarations of War

Ypres, 1919
10
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Global War

The Great War in Europe and southwest Asia,
1914-1918
11
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Global War
  • Mutual Butchery
  • The Western Front

The Great War in Europe the Trenches
12
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Mutual Butchery
  • The Western Front The Somme, July Nov. 18
    20,000 men killed on the first day of the battle

The Somme
13
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Global War
  • Mutual Butchery
  • The Western Front
  • Stalemate New Weapons
  • No-Mans-Land

Zeppelin
14
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Mutual Butchery
  • The Eastern Front
  • Bloodletting
  • New Rules of Engagement

Russian Troops, 1916
1918, Russia withdraws
15
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Colonial Participation

Zulu Warriors entertaining British troops at the
front resuming uniforms later
16
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Sources From The Past
  • Dulce Et Decorum Est

Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots
But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame all
blind Drunk with fatigue deaf even to the
hoots Of gas-shells dropping softly
behind... - The Poems of Wilfred Owen
17
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • What do you think were the consequences of
    Wilfred Owens poem Dulce et decorum est?

Wilfred Owen, 1893-1918
Siegfried Sasson, 1886-1967
Robert Graves, 1885-1995
18
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Global War
  • Total War The Home Front
  • The Home Front
  • Women at War
  • Propaganda

The Heroes of Belgium 1914, French propaganda
poster
19
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Total War Propaganda

English poster
French Poster
English poster
20
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Total War Propaganda

Russian Poster
German poster
21
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Total War Propaganda

French poster
German Poster
22
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Total War Propaganda

English Poster
German Poster
23
Total War Propaganda
  • French Poster

English Poster
Russian poster
24
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Global War Lusitania, 1915

An Indian gun crew in the Somme area, 1916
25
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Conflict in East Asia the Pacific
  • Japans Entry into the War
  • The Twenty-One Demands (to China)

An Indian gun crew in the Somme area, 1916
26
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Global War
  • Battles in Africa and Southwest Asia
  • Gallipoli
  • The Ottoman Empire

ANZACS pinned down on beach
27
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The End of the War
  • Revolution in Russia
  • The February Revolution
  • The Struggle for Power

28
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The End of the War
  • Revolution in Russia
  • Vladimir Lenin
  • The October Revolution
  • Treaty of Brest-Litovsk

29
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Sources From The Past What was V. I. Lenins
    vision?
  • State and Revolution

Only in the Communist society, when the
resistance of the capitalists has been completely
crushed… when there are no classes... only then
the state… ceases to exist, and it becomes
possible to speak of freedom. - V.I.
Lenin, The State and Revolution
30
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The End of War
  • U.S. Intervention Collapse of the Central
    Powers
  • Economic Considerations
  • Submarine Warfare
  • America Declares War, April 1917

General John Pershing
31
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The End of War
  • U.S. Intervention Collapse of the Central
    Powers
  • Collapsing Fronts
  • Irish Easter Rebellion
  • German Naval Revolt at Kiel
  • French soldiers mutiny

32
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The End of War
  • U.S. Intervention Collapse of the Central
    Powers
  • Collapsing Fronts
  • Armistice

Armistice, November 11, 1918 Railcar
33
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • Armistice Memorialized

Armistice, November 11, 1918 Railcar
34
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The End of War
  • The Paris Peace Conference
  • The Paris Settlement Treaty of Versailles
  • Wilsons Fourteen Points
  • The Peace Treaties

Clemenceau Wilson
35
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The End of War The Paris Peace Conference
  • Mustafa Kemal / Atatürk
  • The League of Nations
  • Self-Determination

Territorial Changes in Europe after the Great War
36
The Great War The World in Upheaval
  • The End of War Challenges to European
    Preeminence
  • The Mandate System
  • Weakened Europe
  • Revolutionary Ideas

Territorial Changes in southwest Asia after the
Great War
37
The Great War The World in Upheaval Key Words
and Terms
  • Self-determination
  • dreadnoughts
  • place in the sun
  • Triple Alliance Triple Entente
  • Schlieffen plan
  • no-mans-land
  • Verdun and the Somme
  • Wilfred Owen
  • home front
  • Twenty-one Demands
  • Gallipoli
  • February Revolution
  • October Revolution
  • Bolsheviks
  • Treaty of Brest Litovsk
  • Treaty of Versailles
  • Wilsons Fourteen Points
  • League of Nations
  • The Mandate system
  • Winston Churchill
  • Mustapha Kemal
  • Vladimir Ilyich Lenin

38
The Great War
  • Learning Outcomes
  • Be able to think about the historical
    circumstances that precipitated the Great War
  • Be able to explain how the Great War altered the
    political landscape and discredited established
    cultural traditions
  • Comprehend the shift in power away from Western
    Europe in the aftermath of the Great War
  • Appreciate the emergence of nationalist
    aspirations among colonized peoples in the
    aftermath of the Great War

39
The Great War The World in Upheaval Summary
  • The assassination of archduke Francis Ferdinand
    plunged the World in to four years of global war.
  • Belligerent societies organized for total war
    drawing on the resources of their overseas
    empires.
  • The war stalemated until the United States entry
    in April 1917.
  • The war mobilized 70 million men, nearly 9
    million Europeans killed, Globally 15 million
    died
  • The toll heaviest on young men of the war
    generation German, France and Britain lost 1/3
    of men aged 19-22 in 1914.
  • The wars most potent social political legacy
    was death its powerful cultural legacy was
    disillusionment.
  • WW I exhausted the economic wealth global
    political primacy of the major European powers.
  • WW I promoted nationalist aspirations among
    colonized people.
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