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Creating a Great Resume


A resume is a marketing tool an advertisement that highlights your education, ... 2. Should I list references on my resume? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Creating a Great Resume

Creating a Great Resume
  • Landing a job is not the purpose of the resume
    rather, its purpose is to help you obtain a job
  • A resume is a marketing tool an advertisement
    that highlights your education, skills,
    qualifications, and experiences.
  • It should arouse an employers interest and
    motivate the employer to contact you for more

Table of Contents The Resume Tutorial Contains
the following sections
  • Introduction
  • Four Common Types of Resumes
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • Typical Sections of a Resume

You can click on the section title to go
directly to that section. Or simply proceed
through the entire tutorial.
Introduction There are as many opinions about
resumes as there are people who read them! But
there are some basic pointers to follow.
  • Think of your resume as a dynamic and constantly
    changing document. Format and target your
    resume(s) to market your best qualifications for
    specific jobs.
  • Lead with your strengths. Put first the parts of
    your education, experience, and skills that will
    be of greatest interest to the employer. Make
    them the most detailed and prominent part of your
    resume. Make it easy for an employer to see that
    you are a qualified candidate who should be
    invited for an interview.
  • Determine the purpose of each resume and address
    that purpose. For example, if you are applying
    for a marketing position, focus on your marketing

Table of Contents
Introduction (cont.)
  • A resumes brevity emphasizes the importance of
    the information you select to include. Write in a
    straightforward style and do not repeat
  • Resumes must be typographically and grammatically
    perfect, honest and verifiable, targeted and
    results oriented. Proofread! Spell check does not
    catch proper names and homophones/homonyms.
  • Some employers scan resumes to determine
    qualifications. Include industry- or
    occupation-specific keywords as they relate to
    your skills and experience.
  • Visit THE CAREER CENTER and meet with a staff
    member to discuss you individual situation. Call
    410-704-2233 to schedule an appointment!

Table of Contents
  • TIP Gear your resume to its purpose to obtain
    a job, internship or volunteer opportunity or to
    apply to a school.

Table of Contents
Four Common Types of Resumes Over the next
several slides, you will see a description of
each type of the four most common types of
  • 1. Chronological The chronological resume is the
    most widely used resume and is preferred by many
    employers. The educational and work experience is
    presented in reverse chronological sequence
    (current or most recent first) with short,
    concise statements about each work experience.

Table of Contents
Four Common Types of Resumes
  • 2. Functional This style suits individuals
    making a career change, re-entering the
    workplace, or those who have frequently changed
    jobs. It emphasizes skills and qualifications
    developed in work and draws upon work experience,
    education, and personal background. Headings are
    used to separate particular skills. Sample
    headings include Managerial Skills, Financial
    Skills, and Organizational Skills.

Table of Contents
Four Common Types of Resumes
  • 3. Combination The combination resume is a blend
    of chronological and functional. Less
    traditional headings may be used while
    maintaining basic chronological format.

Table of Contents
Four Common Types of Resumes
  • 4. Artistic Fields You may demonstrate your
    creative or artistic skills by using a less
    traditional layout and font style, but prepare a
    traditional resume to accompany your creative

Table of Contents
Frequently Asked Questions about Creating a
Great Resume
  • 1. Should my resume be one page or two?
  • 2. Should I list references on my resume?
  • 3. Should high school information be included on
    my resume?
  • 4. What classes should I list?
  • 5. Can I just use a template?
  • 6. I dont have any relevant experience. How do I
  • 7. How far back should I list my work experience?
    Should I include dates for jobs that go back too
    many years?

Click on each FAQ to view the answer or simply
click forward to view all FAQs.
Table of Contents
FAQ 1 Should my resume be one page or two?
  • If you are a current student or recent graduate,
    you may be able to fit your resume on one page.
    However, dont short-change yourself by omitting
    significant information just for the sake of a
    one-page resume. Keep the information focused on
    your qualifications, skills and accomplishments.
  • If you do go onto a second page be certain that
    the second page is as strong as the first, and
    fill at least ? of the second page. If you do add
    a second page, type your name, page two of two,
    and your phone number in the top right or top
    left corner this way, if the first page becomes
    separated from the second, an employer will be
    able to contact you. Limit your resume to two

FAQ Home
FAQ 2 Should I list references on my resume?
  • List references on a separate page. You do not
    need to type the phrase, references available
    upon request on your resume. If an employer
    wants to see references, the employer will ask
    you for them.

FAQ Home
FAQ 3 Should high school information be
included on my resume?
  • Generally no, but include it if you feel it
    strengthens your resume. For example, if you
    attended a school with a specialized curriculum
    that relates to your job or career goal, you may
    list the school. If you are applying for an
    internship or part-time job during your first or
    sophomore year in college, listing relevant high
    school information may be appropriate. As you
    gain professional experience, remove high school
    information and replace it with more recent

FAQ Home
FAQ 4 What classes should I list?
  • To an employer the skills and experience you
    gained and developed from classes is more
    important than just listing the names of the
    classes. Include items such as lab experience,
    business plans, or advertising campaigns that
    show experience related to the job.
  • TIP Dont give the catalog
    description of the course.
  • Describe your classroom experience
    just as you would describe work experience.

FAQ Home
FAQ 5 Can I just use a template?
  • Templates, such as those found in Microsoft Word,
    can limit your flexibility. They can be rigid or
    hard to reformat and may not be your most
    effective way to showcase your skills. Avoid the
    cookie cutter look. Create a distinctly
    personal impression by designing your own resume.

FAQ Home
FAQ 6 I dont have any relevant experience. How
do I start?
  • If youve had numerous jobs throughout college
    you dont need to list every job, especially if
    its not related to the position to which you are
    applying. You should list all related jobs. If
    your related and unrelated jobs are out of order
    sequentially you can include a section entitled
    Related Experience and another one entitled
    Other Work Experience. This allows employers to
    see your related jobs first, rather than
    including your unrelated and related jobs

FAQ Home
FAQ 7 How far back should I list my work
experience? Should I include dates for jobs that
go back too many years?
  • Ten years is a general guideline. However,
    include experience that you think strengthens
    your resume. If a job is important enough to
    include, use dates. Be consistent throughout the
    resume. If you decide not to include dates
    because of gaps in experience or dated work
    history, then consider using a functional format
    or format other than chronological.

FAQ Home
  • TIP Consider creating an everything,
    all-encompassing resume where you write in
    great detail about experiences that enable you to
    develop new skills or enhance the skills you
    already have. Include information about duties
    and responsibilities, accomplishments, decisions
    made and problems solved as an employee, an
    intern, a volunteer or a student. Write about
    leadership experiences organization, club and
    committee memberships conferences or seminars
    you have attended on-the-job training
    certifications and anything else that
    demonstrates your skills and strengthens your
    qualifications for jobs.

Table of Contents
  • TIP (cont.) You wont send this very
    detailed resume to any-
  • one (it may be many pages long), but
    you will use it as your own working document from
    which you will extract relevant information to
    create targeted resumes based on requirements for
    targeted job. Committing this information to
    writing will save you from having to reinvent
    the wheel each time you respond to a job
    advertisement, and it is a great document to read
    before an interview because it will refresh your
    memory about information you may need to respond
    to interview questions.

Table of Contents
Sections Each resume consists of sections that
group your experiences together in a meaningful
way. The following slides will show examples of
sections that your resume may/may not contain.
Some resume sections may not apply to you.
  • Organize your information using headings that
    will help you highlight your strengths as they
    relate to the desired job.
  • Arrange sections in an order that best markets
    your skills and experience.
  • Lead with your strengths. Put first and make most
    detailed and prominent the parts of your
    education, experience and skills that will be of
    greatest interest to the employer.
  • Make it easy for an employer to see that you are
    a qualified candidate who should be invited for
    an interview.

Table of Contents
HEADING/Identification Section
  • This section includes
  • Your name (no non-professional nickname)
  • Mailing address
  • Phone number
  • And email address
  • Be sure to include area and zip codes. All of
    this information is located at the top of the
    page and is typically centered.

Table of Contents
HEADING/Identification Section (cont.)
  • Use both current and permanent address when in
  • Use one phone number per address where a reliable
    message can be left
  • Use only a professional or .edu email address
    that you check regularly (you can set your
    professional or school email to forward to your
    personal account)
  • Remember, your email address or voice message
    influences the impression a prospective employer
    develops of you. Be prepared to create a positive
    impression at any time.
  • Do not include personal information such as sex,
    age, marital status, health or social security

Table of Contents
  • Write an employer-centered objective that targets
    a specific job, employer and/or industry. Focus
    on what you can contribute to the company (such
    as the skills you can offer).
  • The objective should be specific and it may
    change for each position you seek. Avoid using
    generic or trite phrases such as an entry level
  • If you include an objective, everything else on
    your resume should support or show evidence that
    you qualify for the targeted job.
  • When posting your resume to a job search Web
    site, incorporate keywords in your objective
    that reflect your skills and career goals.

Table of Contents
Profile/Summary/Highlights Section
  • A profile highlights the best of your
    qualifications for a particular job.
  • You may use headings such as, Profile,
    Highlights, or Summary of Qualifications.
  • A well-written profile or summary can positively
    influence the way the rest of your resume is
  • It should address the all-important question on
    the hirers mind, What can this candidate do for
    the organization? Select details that highlight
    your strengths.

Table of Contents
Profile/Summary/Highlights Section (cont.)
  • Statements in this section must be supported
    elsewhere in your resume. As a marketing
    statement, the profile may include the following
    kinds of information
  • Hook line - determine the essence of the job,
    then make a connection between what the employer
    needs and what you can do for the organization
    convince employers that it is worth their time to
    continue to read your resume!
  • Professional certifications
  • Honors, awards, scholarships, any recognition you
    have received as a student, intern, employee,
    consultant, board member or volunteer any
    published writing
  • Any unique skills, e.g. fluency or conversational
    ability in a second language

Table of Contents
Profile/Summary/Highlights Section (cont.)
  • Statements in this section must be supported
    elsewhere in your resume. As a marketing
    statement, the profile may include the following
    kinds of information
  • Leadership roles or memberships in student clubs,
    sports, organizations memberships in
    professional organizations or associations
  • Technology skills and/or specialized equipment
    you can operate
  • Transferable skills such as leadership, team
    work, customer service, problem solving
  • Anything that speaks to your success!

Table of Contents
Profile/Summary/Highlights Section (cont.)
  • TIP If you feel it would be more effective to
    emphasize detail such as awards, skills or
    organization involvement, then consider listing
    such details in a separate section with its own
    heading rather than use a profile.
  • For example, if your technical skills are your
    strongest qualification for a job, consider a
    separate section called Technical Skills.

Table of Contents
  • List degrees or certifications, in reverse
    chronological order,
  • current or most recent first, then list your
    major along with any minors or concentrations.
  • Indicate the month and year when you graduated or
    expect to graduate. There is no need to include
    the words expected or anticipated before the
    month and year of graduation. On the next line
    list the name of the school, along with location
    (city, state).
  • Recent grads may include coursework, but be sure
    it is unique and/or relates to the job. Dont
    list Intro or Principles courses.

Table of Contents
The EDUCATION Section (cont.)
  • TIP If you feel your experience is a greater
    strength and that employers will be more
    interested in your experience, then list
    Experience here and follow it with Education
    lead with your strengths!
  • ? NOTE For undergraduate students at Towson
    University, if you complete through the
    intermediate level of a language other than
    English, you earn a Bachelor of Arts degree,
    regardless of major. If you do not complete
    through the intermediate level of another
    language, you earn a Bachelor of Science degree.

Table of Contents
  • You may use separate headings called Related
    Experience or Other Experience in order to
    highlight and put first your career-related
    experience. You also may include subheadings such
    as Student Teaching Experience and Research
  • Dont minimize the value of food service, retail
    and other college work experience. Employers want
    to know that you know how to treat customers, how
    to get along with co-workers, how to communicate
    effectively and work as a team member, and how to
    respond to supervision.

Table of Contents
The EXPERIENCE Section (cont.)
  • Using key words of your field, focus on the
    skills and tasks developed at each job. Write in
    short concise statements using action verbs and
    adjectives to describe each skill or task. Cite
    specific responsibilities and accomplishments for
    each position. Statements may be displayed in
    either bullet or paragraph style.
  • TIP Avoid phrases such as
    responsible for and duties
  • include.

Table of Contents
The EXPERIENCE Section (cont.)
  • Include your job title, name of organization,
    location (city,
  • state), and dates of employment (month/year).
  • Show advancement in level of responsibility.
  • Quantify information when appropriate and when
    the numbers are significant.
  • Include any achievements, recognition,
  • innovations, positive outcomes, anything that
    works better
  • as a result of your being in the job or
    demonstrates your
  • effectiveness.

Table of Contents
The Internship(s)/Service Learning Section
  • These opportunities help you acquire hands-on
    experience and develop networking contacts.
    Employers value this type of experience, so it
    merits a stand-alone section on your resume.
  • Include your title (which may be Intern), name
    of organization, location (city, state) and dates
    of internship.
  • Use action verbs to describe your most complex
    professional duties.
  • Describe what you observed and learned.
  • Include any achievements, contributions,
    innovations, positive outcomes.
  • Include service or internship experience from
    high school only if it strengthens your resume.

Table of Contents
Volunteer Experience/Community Service
  • These experiences may speak to your commitment to
    your field, if job related your altruism your
    willingness to give back to the community and
    your time management skills.
  • Include your title (which may be Volunteer),
    name of organization, location (city, state) and
    dates of service.
  • Use action verbs to describe your most complex
    and professional duties.
  • Emphasize skills you developed or enhanced and
    connect them to your value on a prospective job.
  • Include any achievements, contributions,
    innovations, positive outcomes, and recognition
    for service.

Table of Contents
ADDITIONAL SECTIONS If you have not included
this information elsewhere, consider the
following sections as they relate to your
particular experience and the purpose of your
resume. Incorporate transferable skills into
these sections. Click on each section to see a
description of each type. Or simply continue to
click forward to view each slide.
  • Academic Projects
  • Awards, Honors, and Achievements
  • Special Skills
  • Publications or Research
  • Organizations
  • Activities and Special Interests
  • Extracurricular Activities
  • Study Abroad/Intercultural Experience
  • Portfolio/ePortfolio

Table of Contents
  • Academic Projects Especially if you have
    limited experience and/or no internships,
    consider describing significant academic
    projects/assignments that demonstrate your skills
    and subject matter knowledge. Describe academic
    experience in the same way you would describe
    work or any other, related experience. Place this
    section after education or related experience

Additional Sections Home
  • Awards, Honors, and Achievements Include any of
    these if they are relevant to the position you
    are seeking. Make sure to mention what the award
    was for and be able to describe it in more detail
    in an interview.
  • Special Skills Examples of headings include
    Computer Skills, Laboratory Experience, or

Additional Sections Home
  • Publications or Research List titles of papers,
    articles, poems, or other literary pieces that
    have been published in a student or professional
    publication. Describe research that relates to
    the field in which you are seeking employment.

Additional Sections Home
  • Organizations Include any organizations, clubs,
    community service, or volunteer experience,
    especially those that show achievement or
    professional standing and any offices that you
    held. You can show leadership and other skills or
    related experience gained through student or
    social awareness organizations rather than name a
    specific organization.

Additional Sections Home
  • Activities and Special Interests List personal
    interests if they relate to a skill or area of
    knowledge associated with your career goal. For
    example, list that you are a world traveler if
    applying for a geography teaching position.
    Activities may show well roundedness but can be
    meaningless if they are irrelevant to the

Additional Sections Home
  • Extracurricular Activities Other examples of
    headings may include Memberships,
    Certifications, and Athletics. These sections
    show involvement, but limit to those activities
    that strengthen your qualifications. For example,
    athletics participation can show leadership, team
    work, and the ability to thrive in a competitive

Additional Sections Home
  • Study Abroad/Intercultural Experience List
    experience in which you have studied/lived with
    persons of a different cultural background to
    show your understanding of different perspectives
    and traditions.

Additional Sections Home
  • Portfolio/ePortfolio Instead of stating
    references available at the end of your resume,
    include portfolio available for review or list
    the Web address for your portfolio.

Additional Sections Home
Now you should be all set to begin creating your
own stellar resume! And remember, you can get
personalized help and one-on-one attention at The
Career Center. Call us, stop by or schedule an
appointment with one of our knowledgeable staff
members! Phone (410) 704-2233 Fax (410)
704-3459 Web site
Campus location 7800 York Road, Suite
206 Mailing address 8000 York Road, Towson, MD
Table of Contents