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Towards A Zero Waste Future Envisioning Reuse in Ithaca

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Promotes Reuse and Recycling by contractors ... Recent scandal: East County Recycling claimed $100,000 worth of credits it did not earn ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Towards A Zero Waste Future Envisioning Reuse in Ithaca


1
Towards A Zero Waste FutureEnvisioning Reuse in
Ithaca
  • Jay Corbalis Matt Hendren
  • Antonia Daniels Julie McIntyre
  • Grayson Fahrner Tamar Sharabi

December 2, 2006
2
Envisioning Reuse Philosophy
  • The mindset of waste
  • Life cycles of products
  • Transforming consumption and property
  • Zero waste

3
Envisioning Reuse Tompkins County Successes and
Opportunities
  • Trash Tags
  • Recycling success
  • Composting initiatives
  • Construction and Demolition

4
Envisioning ReuseTompkins County Waste Stream
5
Envisioning ReuseFeasibility
  • Based on our research of successful reuse centers
    across the country, we find that the size,
    progressive culture, and economic /social needs
    in Tompkins County make it ideal for a reuse
    center.

6
Construction and Demolition
  • 20 of Tompkins County Land Fill comes from
  • C D
  • Many reuse centers have begun to target this
    waste stream as a source of materials and
    revenue.
  • Deconstruction vs. Demolition

7
Construction and DemolitionDeconstruction Vs.
Demolition
8
Construction and DemolitionMunicipal Support for
Deconstruction
  • Construction/Demolition Deposit -San Jose, CA
  • Waiting Period -Gainesville, FL
  • Required Reuse/Disposal Plan-Half Moon Bay, CA

9
Construction and Demolition Debris Deposit in
San Jose, CA
10
Construction and Demolition Debris Deposit in
San Jose, CA
  • Deposit required for new construction
  • Refunded upon greater than 50 landfill diversion

11
Construction and Demolition Waiting Period in
Gainesville, FL
  • Promotes Historic Preservation and diverts
    demolition waste from landfill
  • Waiting Period would provide more incentives to
    contractors to reuse

12
Construction and DemolitionRequired
Reuse/Disposal Plan-Half Moon Bay
  • Requires an analysis of and plan for construction
    waste
  • Promotes Reuse and Recycling by contractors
  • Permits conditional on appropriate and sufficient
    waste reduction strategies

13
Construction and DemolitionChallenges to
Deconstruction
  • Certification of lumber and other materials
  • High insurance costs for deconstruction teams

14
Incentives for Donors
  • Pick-up and drop-off services
  • Tax write-offs
  • Reuse centers purchase certain materials from
    individuals and businesses
  • Contractors and businesses , clear unneeded
    inventory, and create a positive green image

15
Incentives for Demand LEED Certification
  • Contractors are rewarded under LEEDs point
    system in a variety of ways for taking reuse into
    consideration in their project.
  • Points are available for incorporating reused
    materials, as well as reusing waste on site and
    donating reusable items to reuse centers.

16
Incentives for Demand LEED
17
Diversion Credits
  • Payments made to facilities (i.e. recycling
    companies) that specialize in waste diversion
  • Come in different forms (tax deductions, fee
    discounts)
  • Usually awarded on a per ton basis and the
    resulting avoided cost (Scheinberg)

18
Diversion Credits
  • Metro Solid Waste and Recycling Department of
    Portland, Oregon
  • Gives 25 discount on taxes fees to facilities
    if they divert 30 or more waste from the waste
    stream
  • Recent scandal East County Recycling claimed
    100,000 worth of credits it did not earn

19
Diversion Credits
  • Pros and cons of using diversion credits
  • Pros
  • More materials are being diverted
  • Gets companies involved in waste diversion
    carrots are preferred over sticks
  • Cons
  • Giving companies credits for a service they
    already provide
  • Credits being claimed illegally

20
Arts Related ReuseIn Public Schools
  • Education through field trips, art projects, and
    classroom presentations

21
Arts Related ReuseIn Public Schools
  • Discounts on reused art supplies for local
    schools
  • Partnerships with city government to supply art
    materials to underserved schools

22
Arts Related ReuseIn The Community
  • Discounts or donations to non-profit
    organizations
  • Free community art workshops and activities at
    popular community events

23
Arts Related ReuseIn The Community
  • Exhibitions of work made exclusively from reused
    materials

24
Job Creation
  • Labor is the single largest expenditure of reuse
    facilities.
  • Community businesses rely on job-training
    provided by reuse
  • A reuse center would provide
  • Direct employment to the Tompkins County
    community
  • Training in skills such as carpentry, electronic
    repair, and upholstery to low-income populations
  • Educational programs for all levels of the
    community e.g. students, senior citizens

25
Job CreationTraining Programs
  • Restore Home Improvement Center (Springfield, MA)
  • Participated in a summer youth job training
    program paid for by a private, non-profit
    organization, Massachusetts Career Development
    Institute
  • Habitat for Humanity Restore (Kingston, Ontario)
  • Provincial government of Ontario offers funding
    for the transitional employment for the
    unemployed
  • Costs are subsidized for up to 6 months per
    individual
  • Governmental referrals for juvenile delinquents
    or other non-violent offenders
  • Burnley Employment and Rehabilitation Services
    (Stroudsburg, PA)
  • Uses state and county funding to employ people
    with disabilities to perform repetitive tasks
    such as dismantling computers to reuse the parts

26
Volunteer IncentivesReuse Industries, Albany, OH
  • Volunteers greatly augment the services provided
    due to relevant skills and labor costs.
  • Over 2100 part-time and full-time volunteers have
    put in more than 13,000 hours at the facility.

27
Volunteer IncentivesReuse Industries, Albany, OH
  • Educational outreach
  • Workshops
  • Community Reuse Days
  • Service Learning
  • Job-training
  • Partnership with Athens County Department of Job
    and Family Services and local area businesses
  • Develops skills in banking, selling, repairing,
    stocking, and cleaning until acquired
  • Has aided over 100 low-income clients
  • In the Work for Wares program, citizens on
    assistance work receive an appliance in exchange
    for work hours at the center

28
University Reuse
  • CATS Cornell Assets Transfer System
  • Strictly online database
  • University of Minnesota Materials Exchange
  • Top 10 Most Frequent Materials Exchanged
  • 1. Wood pallets2. Plastic drums3. Office
    furniture4. Packing peanuts5. Plastic
    buckets6. 3-ring binders7. Cardboard boxes 8.
    Office supplies9. Bubble wrap10.
    Photocopiers/printers

29
Zero WasteModel Communities
  • Boulder, Colorado
  • Oakland, Berkeley, Palo Alto, and San Diego,
    California
  • Seattle, Washington
  • Carrboro, North Carolina
  • New Zealand 50 of the cities in the country
    have adopted zero waste as a goal
  • Zero Waste International Alliance

30
Zero WasteA Catalyst for Reuse
  • What happens when a community adopts a Zero Waste
    policy?
  • It inspires new thinking.
  • Every community takes a different approach.
  • Roles change.
  • Waste becomes a community issue.
  • Resource Centers open.
  • A survey of councils with Zero Waste policies in
    2002 pinpointed the creation of over 280
    full-time and 17 part-time new jobs as a result
    of their policies

31
Zero WasteImpact on the Community
  • EcoCycle promises to divert 90 of waste from
    landfills through partnerships.
  • CHaRM Online database connecting community
    organizations and local businesses
  • In New Zealand, 6 reuse centers opened through
    legislation on zero waste.

32
Zero WasteImpact on the Community
33
Zero WasteImpact on the Community
34
Key Elements for Success
  • Partnerships with school and community groups
  • Workshops
  • Pick-up and drop-off services
  • Tapping into C D waste stream
  • Establishing reliable volunteer sources
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