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CIWMB Programs: Waste Characterization, Recycling Challenges, and Large Venue Recycling.


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Title: CIWMB Programs: Waste Characterization, Recycling Challenges, and Large Venue Recycling.

CIWMB Programs Waste Characterization, Recycling
Challenges, and Large Venue Recycling.
Plastic Debris Rivers to Sea
  • September 7, 2005
  • Plastic Recycling Technologies Section
  • Mike Leaon
Presentation Outline
  • 2004 Waste Characterization Study (WCS)
  • CIWMB Publication Number 340-04-005
  • Plastics Legislation and Changes
  • Plastic Film Recovery Efforts and Work Groups
  • Large Venue Recycling

Plastics - 4th Largest Component of Waste Stream
Plastic Container Disposal
Rigid Plastic Packaging Container (RPPC) Law
  • Current Law
  • 8 fluid ounces to 5 gallons, non-food,
    recloseable, all plastic,
  • Product manufacturers must comply with law
  • CIWMB Continues Annual Certifications
  • Rulemaking is underway
  • RPPCs no longer have to be capable of multiple
  • The size of the container shall be determined by
    its labeled fluid volume, or if not labeled, then
    by its equivalent fluid volumetric capacity
  • RPPCs may have caps, lids, labels, handles, and
    hinges made of non-plastic material

Plastic Film Disposal
Why Focus on Plastic Film Recycling ?????
  • Californias 2004 Waste Study Estimates
  • - Annual Film Disposal 1.75 million tons/yr
  • - Film Disposal Estimates 4.3 by Weight, 8-10
    by Volume
  • - Per Person 97 pounds of film disposed
  • - Commercial, Industrial, Ag, consume 66 of
    film market
  • 5 or less of all film plastic produced is
  • Litter abatement
  • Most film plastic contains no recycled material.

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In the Southern Region which includes Imperial,
Los Angles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino,
San Diego and Ventura the two categories of
Grocery/Retail and Non-Bag Commercial represent
almost 24 of the total film plastics disposed.
Land-Fill Costs Associated with Film Plastics
  • Orange County operates three landfills.
  • Annual costs directly associated with floating
    plastic litter abatement are 237,856.70 not
    including one time purchase of moveable wind

Plastic Trash Bag Law (Current)
  • Annually, plastic trash bag manufacturers and
    wholesalers must certify that they either
  • (1) Used 10 or more post consumer material in
    new regulated trash bags, or
  • (2) Used 30 post consumer material in all
    plastic products not subject to compliance with
    the Rigid Plastic Packaging Container or other
    minimum-content law or
  • (3) Demonstrate there was insufficient quality
    and/or quantity of post consumer materials to
    satisfy the 10 or 30 standards.

Staff and Film Collection Workgroups
  • CIWMB staff, industry and local government stake
    holders collaborating to increase diversion of
    film plastics from CAs landfills.
  • Workgroup Topics
  • Overall Film Collection Matrix
  • Residential and Commercial Education and Training
  • Technical Training and Issues
  • Washing Technology and Ag Film
  • Film Collection Workshop October 11, 2005

Film Diversion through Residential Curbside
Recycling Programs
  • Bay Area San Jose Green Team
  • South Orange County San Juan Capistrano, Dana
    Point and San Clemente
  • Sacramento Area Elk Grove, Rancho Cordova with
    Citrus Heights and Sacramento County adding in
    programs soon.
  • City of LA

Film Baled by City Fibers in LA
Recycle America MRFs
  • Carmel/Marina Corp Facility (5000t)
  • Currently removing 15 to 20 tons a month which
    could increase to 150-200 tons
  • Residential and commercial single stream.
  • 2-3 of throughput is divertible film.
  • Would like promotion of programs to be bag in
  • Planning on starting similar program at Davis
    Street (6000t)
  • Facilities taking loosely baled/baled film from
    commercial sources
  • Empire (5000t)
  • Tulare (12-13000t dirty MRF and Transfer Station)

Ag Film Example Strawberries
  • 32,636 acres under cultivation statewide
  • Watsonville Area
  • 12,250 acres/1,837.5 tons film applied
  • Peak disposal is Oct-Nov at Crazy Horse Landfill
    when 250 tons of fumigation film/drip tape per
    day for 30-45 days arrives 7,500-11,250 tons
  • Southern Region has similar total acres under
  • Oxnard 11,333 Acres
  • Orange Co/San Diego 2,457 Acres

Washline Efforts
  • Trex is completing feasibility study for facility
    in CA initially to handle 100 millions pounds
  • This represents about 3 of the 1.7 million tons
    of disposed film based on 2003 Waste
    Characterization Study.
  • ENO Plastics is investigating opportunities to
    site facilities near agricultural sources of film
    plastic in Oxnard area
  • Universal Plastics Recycling is investigating
    opportunities to site facilities near
    agricultural sources of film plastic in Salinas

Film Collection Data Bases
  • CIWMBs Clearinghouse Data Base for Businesses
  • No Charge
  • American Plastics Council and Moore Recycling
  • No Charge

PCR Quality Assurance and Testing Protocol
  • PCR Objectives
  • Evaluate QA programs for PCR manufacturers in
  • Propose model program for quality assurance
  • Quality control system guidelines could be used
    or adapted for
  • Any PCR used in RPPC and film applications.
  • Documentations, specifications, and testing
    requirements for increased quality
  • PCR levels ranging from 1 to 5.
  • Some film manufacturers can use levels 1, 2, or
  • Some RPPC manufacturers, plastic lumber and
    related products can use levels 4 or 5.

Compostable Study
  • Evaluate performance of plastic products meeting
    ASTM 6400 in commercially operated compost
  • Product performance as advertised
  • Fully degradable
  • Environmental fate of degradation byproducts
  • Follow up study examines additional Compostable
    and degradable plastics

  • Venues Events Waste Reduction
  • A New Place to Focus on Diversion of Plastics

AB 2176 http//
  • Large Venue
  • Permanent facility
  • Annual average of 2,000 attendees, workers and
    volunteers per day of operation
  • Large Event
  • An average of more that 2000 attendees
  • Charge a fee for entrance
  • Or operated by a local government.

Requirements AB 2176
  • Large Venues and Large Events
  • Develop waste reduction plan, goal, and timeline
    implement plan, and report annually to
    jurisdiction Update plan every 2 years.
  • Jurisdictions
  • Identify large venues large events provide
  • with permits report on top 10 and may charge
    a fee.
  • Waste Management Board
  • Model ordinance tools and assistance for venues
    events and jurisdictions enable reporting via
    Annual Report
  • 2008 Recommendations to Legislature if reporting 10 of venues/events have prepared /
    implemented plans

  • Frequently asked questions/answers
  • Brochures jurisdictions can provide to venues /
    events with permits
  • Waste Reduction Guide for venues and events
  • Waste Generation Studies
  • Case Studies

  • Mike Leaon, 916-341-6475
  • RPPC, Jerry Berumen 916-341-6515
  • Trash Bag Certification, Sue Ingle 916-341-6518
  • Legislative Report, Neal Johnson 916-341-6513
  • Clearing House, Contract Studies Edgar Rojas
  • Film Workgroups, Christine Flowers 916-341-6507
  • Large Venue/Large Events, Debra Kustic
  • California Integrated Waste Management