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Internet2 Overview

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Title: Internet2 Overview


1
Internet2 Overview
  • GTC East 2000
  • Albany, New York
  • Gary R. Bachula, Vice President, Internet2

15 September 2000
2
Internet2 FAQ
  • What (and why) is Internet2?
  • Will Internet2 replace todays Internet?
  • Will there be an Internet3?
  • How (or when) can I connect to Internet2 from
    home?
  • Whats your stock ticker symbol?

3
Who Are We?
  • A project of the university community working
    with our corporate colleagues and government to
    close the gap between the potential and reality
    of the Internet

4
Why University Leadership?
  • The Internet came from the higher research
    university community
  • Stanford -- the Internet protocols
  • NSFNet -- the scaled-up Internet
  • CERN -- The WWW protocols
  • University of Illinois -- The Web browser
  • Research universities require an advanced
    Internet and have demonstrated they can develop
    it

5
Internet2 Universities 179 Universities as of
September 2000
6
Internet2 Partnerships
  • Internet2 universities are recreating the
    partnerships that fostered the Internet in its
    infancy
  • Industry
  • Government
  • International

7
Internet2 Corporate Partners
  • 3Com
  • Advanced Network Services
  • Alcatel
  • Ameritech
  • ATT
  • Cabletron Systems
  • Cisco Systems
  • IBM
  • ITCDeltacom
  • Lucent Technologies
  • Marconi
  • WorldCom
  • Microsoft
  • Newbridge Networks
  • Netcom Systems
  • Nortel Networks
  • Qwest Communications
  • SBC Communications
  • WCI Cable

8
Internet2 Mission
  • Develop and deploy advanced network applications
    and technologies, accelerating the creation of
    tomorrows Internet.

9
Internet2 Goals
  • Enable new generation of applications
  • Re-create leading edge RE network capability
  • Transfer technology and experience to the global
    production Internet

10
People on the Internet
Millions of People
Source Nua Internet Surveys
11
Computers on the Internet
Millions of Computers
Source Internet Domain Survey
12
Yesterdays Internet
  • Thousands of users
  • Remote login, file transfer
  • Interconnect mainframe computers
  • Applications capitalize on underlying technology

13
Todays Internet
  • Millions of users
  • Web, email, low-quality audio video
  • Interconnect personal computers and servers
  • Applications adapt to underlying technology

14
Tomorrows Internet
  • Billions of users and devices
  • Convergence of todays applications with
    multimedia (telephony, video-conference, HDTV)
  • Interconnect personal computers, servers, and
    embedded computers
  • New technologies enable unanticipated
    applications (and create new challenges)

15
Why Internet2?
  • The Internet was not designed for
  • Millions of users
  • Congestion
  • Multimedia
  • Real time interaction
  • But, only the Internet can
  • Accommodate explosive growth
  • Enable convergence of information work, mass
    media, and human collaboration
  • Internet2 is focused on the Internets potential
    for our future

16
The Network Performance Gap
hype
More
technological potential
Performance
performance gap
actual performance
Less
Time
17
Todays Internet Doesnt
  • Provide reliable end-to-end performance
  • Encourage cooperation on new capabilities
  • Allow testing of new technologies
  • Support development of revolutionary applications

18
Internet Development Spiral
Commercialization
Privatization
Todays Internet
Internet2
Research and
Development
Partnerships
Source Ivan Moura Campos
19
Internet2 Focus Areas
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Middleware
  • New Network Capabilities
  • Advanced Applications
  • Partnerships

20
Internet2 Network Infrastructure
  • Backbones operate at 2.4 Gbps (OC48) capacity
    today
  • GigaPoPs provide regional high-performance
    aggregation points
  • Local campus networks provide 100 Mbps to the
    desktop

21
Download of The Matrix
22
Internet2 Network Architecture
GigaPoP One
GigaPoP Two
GigaPoP Four
GigaPoP Three
23
Network Architecture
24
Internet2 Backbone Networks
Donna Cox, Robert Patterson, NCSA
25
Internet2 GigaPoPs 27 as of March 2000
26
Internet2 Focus Areas
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Middleware
  • New Network Capabilities
  • Advanced Applications
  • Partnerships

27
Middleware
  • A layer of software between the network and the
    applications
  • Authentication
  • Identification
  • Authorization
  • Directories
  • Security

28
Internet2 Middleware Initiative
  • Internet2 community has unique needs and
    capabilities
  • Middleware Architecture Committee for Education
  • Early Harvest and Early Adopters
  • PKI
  • Shibboleth (authentication)
  • Computational middleware (Beta Grid)
  • Medical middleware
  • Directories

29
Internet2 Focus Areas
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Middleware
  • New Network Capabilities
  • Advanced Applications
  • Partnerships

30
New Network Capabilities
  • Quality of Service QBone
  • http//www.internet2.edu/qbone/
  • Scalable IP Multicast
  • http//www.internet2.edu/multicast/
  • IPv6
  • Distributed Storage I2-DSI
  • http//dsi.internet2.edu/
  • Digital Video I2-DV
  • http//dv.internet2.edu/
  • I2MI GlueWorks
  • www.internet2.edu/middleware/

31
Internet2 Focus Areas
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Middleware
  • New Network Capabilities
  • Advanced Applications
  • Partnerships

32
Applications and Engineering
Applications
Motivate
Enables
Engineering
33
Advanced Applications
  • Distributed computation
  • Virtual laboratories
  • Digital libraries
  • Distributed learning
  • Digital video
  • Tele-immersion
  • All of the above in combination

34
Virtual Laboratories
  • Real-time access to remote instruments
  • University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh
    Supercomputing Center 3-D Brain Mapping

35
Virtual Laboratories
  • Real-time access to remote instruments
  • University of North Carolina, Chapel
    Hill Distributed nanoManipulator

36
Virtual Laboratories
  • Mauna Kea Observatories
  • AURA
  • University of Hawaii

37
Virtual Laboratories
  • Space Physics Aeronomy Research Collaboratory
    (SPARC)
  • University of Michigan
  • NSF

38
Tele-immersion
  • Shared virtual reality
  • University of Illinois at Chicago Virtual
    Temporal Bone

Images courtesy Univ. of Illinois-Chicago
39
Tele-cubicles and the CAVE
Source University of Illinois-Chicago
40
Distributed Computation
  • Large-scale computation
  • University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Image courtesy of UCAR
41
Internet2 Focus Areas
  • Advanced Network Infrastructure
  • Middleware
  • New Network Capabilities
  • Advanced Applications
  • Partnerships

42
Internet2 Partnerships
  • Internet2 universities are recreating the
    partnerships that fostered the Internet in its
    infancy
  • Industry
  • Government
  • International

43
Internet2 and the Next Generation Internet
Initiative
Internet2
NGI
Federal agency-led
University-led
Developing education and research driven
applications
Agency mission-driven and general purpose
applications
Building out campus networks, gigaPoPs and
inter-gigapop infrastructure
Funding research testbeds and agency research
networks
Interconnecting and interoperating to provide
advanced networking capabilities needed to
support advanced research and education
applications
44
National Networks
  • Internet2 Backbone Networks
  • vBNS
  • Abilene
  • Federal Backbone Networks
  • DREN
  • ESnet
  • NREN
  • …

45
Additional Participation
  • Over 70 Internet2 Corporate Members
  • Over 30 Affiliate Members

46
Internet2 Corporate Partners
  • 3Com
  • Advanced Network Services
  • Alcatel
  • Ameritech
  • ATT
  • Cabletron Systems
  • Cisco Systems
  • IBM
  • ITCDeltacom
  • Lucent Technologies
  • Marconi
  • WorldCom
  • Microsoft
  • Newbridge Networks
  • Netcom Systems
  • Nortel Networks
  • Qwest Communications
  • SBC Communications
  • WCI Cable

47
Internet2 Corporate Sponsors
  • Bell South
  • Compaq
  • Ericsson (formerly Torrent Networking
    Technologies)
  • Litton Network Access Systems
  • Novell
  • SBC Technology Resources
  • StorageTek

48
Internet2 Corporate Members
Alcatel Telecom Apple Computer AppliedTheory
Communications Bell Atlantic British
Telecom Deutsche Telekom Fujitsu Laboratories of
America GTE Internetworking Hitachi IXC
Communications KDD Motorola Nexabit
Networks Nokia Research Center NTT
Multimedia Pacific Bell
Project OXYGEN RR Donnelley Siemens Sprint Sun
Microsystems Sylvan Learning Tachyon Telcordia
Technologies (formerly Bellcore) Telebeam Teleglob
e TransMedia Communications VTEL Williams
Communications Grp. Worldport
Communications Inc.
49
Transferring technology and experience...
50
Technology Transfer Conduits
  • Collaborating on advanced applications
  • Deploying pre-commercial infrastructure and
    protocols
  • Establishing expertise and human capital
  • Large-scale proof of concept

51
International Partnerships
  • Ensure global interoperability of advanced
    networking technologies and applications
  • Enable collaborations between US researchers at
    Internet2 institutions and their non-US
    counterparts

52
Internet2 International Partners
  • AAIREP (Australia)
  • APAN (Asia-Pacific)
  • ARNES (Slovenia)
  • BELNET (Belgium)
  • CANARIE (Canada)
  • CESnet (Czech Republic)
  • CUDI (Mexico)
  • DANTE (Europe)
  • DFN-Verein (Germany)
  • Fundacion Internet 2 Argentina (Argentina)
  • GIP RENATER (France)
  • GRNET (Greece)
  • HEAnet (Ireland)
  • HUNGARNET (Hungary)
  • INFN-GARR (Italy)
  • Israel-IUCC (Israel)
  • JAIRC (Japan)
  • JISC/UKERNA (UK)
  • NORDUnet (Nordic countries)
  • POL-34 (Poland)
  • RCCN (Portugal)
  • RedIRIS (Spain)
  • RESTENA (Luxembourg)
  • REUNA
  • SingAREN (Singapore)
  • Stichting SURF (Netherlands)
  • SWITCH (Switzerland)
  • TAnet (Taiwan)
  • TERENA (Europe)

53
Unanticipated Innovation
  • Lesson of the Web
  • Network growth and value are non-linear
  • New technologies enable qualitatively different
    uses
  • Users become innovators

54
Internet Development Spiral
Commercialization
Privatization
Todays Internet
Internet2
Research and
Development
Partnerships
Source Ivan Moura Campos
55
Advanced Networking on the Web
  • www.internet2.edu
  • www.internet2.edu/abilene/
  • www.ngi.gov
  • www.vbns.net
  • www.advanced.org/teleimmersion (National
    Teleimmersion Initiative)

56
For More Internet2 Information
  • On the Web
  • www.internet2.edu
  • www.internet2.edu/html/lists.html
  • Email
  • info_at_internet2.edu

57
www.internet2.edu
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