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U.S. History 91508 http:students.resa.netmilewski

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Following the Civil War, newly freed slaves won political rights. ... Examine 'Political Cartoons p.319 -Answer questions (1-2) p.319. II. Journal#11 pt.B ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: U.S. History 91508 http:students.resa.netmilewski


1
U.S. History 9/15/08 http//students.resa.net/mil
ewski
  • OBJECTIVE Demonstrate mastery of Chapters78
    and examine Segregation Discrimination.
  • I. Administrative Stuff
  • -attendance
  • -return of tests
  • II. Chapter78 Quiz
  • III. Journal8 pt.A
  • -Read Historic Decisions of The Supreme Court
    p.290
  • -Answer question1 p.291
  • II. Journal8 pt.B
  • -Segregation discrimination

2
Homework Due 9/22/08
  • Chapter8 Assessment p.300
  • -Main Ideas (5-8)
  • Chapter9 Assessment p.338
  • -Terms names (1-10)
  • -Main Ideas (1-3 6-7)
  • And the Chapter 89 Review (will be distributed
    on Thursday)

3
Civil Rights Reconstruction
  • Following the Civil War, newly freed slaves won
    political rights.
  • They voted and many were elected to political
    positions in Southern states.
  • But, following the end of Reconstruction (end of
    Union occupation) African-Americans began to lose
    their civil rights as Southern states developed a
    legal system that created a second class economic
    political status for blacks.

http//www.legislature.state.al.us/graphics/leg_st
eps1872_2.jpeg
4
Restrictions to Voting
  • Literacy Tests easy reading given to whites,
    hard readings given to blacks.
  • Poll tax tax was easily able to be paid by most
    whites
  • Grandfather clause if your grandfather could
    vote, you could vote (remember slaves couldnt
    vote, so if grandpa was a slave you couldnt
    vote).

http//www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/txnavarr/poll_li
sts/poll_tax_receipts_3.jpg
5
Jim Crow Laws
  • During the 1870s 1880s laws passed in the south
    to separate blacks and whites.
  • In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court heard the case
    Plessy v. Ferguson.
  • They said that separate accommodations did not
    violate the 14th Amendment .
  • This became known as Separate but equal.

http//www.georgetown.u47.k12.me.us/grade6.03/Jim_
Crow_Laws/jimcrow1.gif
6
Lynching
  • Not only was there formal discrimination, but
    informal rules and etiquette.
  • The rules often belittled African-Americans and
    punishment for violation the etiquette were
    severe.
  • Between 1882 1892 1,400 black men women were
    shot, burned or hanged without trial in the
    South.
  • This practice continued well into the 20th
    century.

http//www.ngbiwm.com/Exhibits/Lynching20in20the
20United20States20-20Wikipedia,20the20free2
0encyclopedia_files/300px-Lynching-of-lige-daniels
.jpg
7
U.S. History 9/16/08 http//students.resa.net/mil
ewski
  • OBJECTIVE Examine the Dawn of Mass American
    Culture.
  • I. Journal9 pt.A
  • -Read Daily Life 1877-1917 p.298-299
  • -Answer question 1 p.299
  • II. Return of Chapter78 Quiz
  • III. Journal9 pt.B
  • -notes on mass culture

8
CH 8 Sect 4 Dawn of Mass Culture
  • OBJECTIVES
  • Give examples of turn-of-the-20th-century leisure
    activities and popular sports
  • Analyze the spread of mass culture in the U.S. at
    the turn of the 20th Century
  • Describe turn-of-the-20th-century innovations in
    marketing and advertising

9
I. American Leisure
  • Americans fought off city congestion and dull
    industrial work with
  • Amusement Parks constructed on outskirts of
    cities.
  • a. 1st was Coney Island in NYC (1884)
  • Bicycling and Tennis - were also popular
    activities
  • New Snacks Hershey Bars Coca-Cola

10
Leisure cont
  • Boxing and baseball were top spectator sports
  • 1st World Series held in 1903
  • African-Americans were not allowed in majors
    created Negro League

11
II. Spread of Mass Culture
  • Art galleries, libraries, books and museums
    brought new cultural opportunities.
  • NEWSPAPERS Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph
    Hearst pioneered sensational newspapers
  • Most people read light fiction
  • a. Dime novels
  • b. Mark Twain was a popular author

12
III. New ways to sell goods
  • Shopping Centers 1st in Cleveland, OH
  • Department Stores 1st was Marshall Fields in
    Chicago Give the lady what she wants
  • Chain Stores - Woolworth
  • Advertising ads were everywhere, including
    barns, houses, billboards and ROCKS!
  • Catalogs Sears Montgomery Ward
  • Rural Free Delivery (RFD) 1896 Post Office
    brought packages to any home

13
U.S. History 9/17/08 http//students.resa.net/mil
ewski
  • OBJECTIVE Examine the beginnings of
    progressivism.
  • I. Journal10 pt.A
  • -Examine History Through Photojournalism p.311
  • -Answer questions (1-2) p.311
  • II. Constitution Day
  • -Fun Facts about the Constitution
  • -We the people
  • III. Journal10 pt.B
  • -notes on Progressivism

14
I. Progressivism reform movement that sought
to return control to the people
  • Men Women from every region mobilized to expose
    the ills of society writer new laws to correct
    social problems.
  • Progressive movement stemmed from labor movement.
    Had wide support from farmers and labor

15
II. People involved in Progressivism
  • Industrialists Merchants fighting taxes
    monopolies
  • Writers/muckrakers crusading reporters who
    wrote about corruption in books magazines
    (Sinclair Lewis The Jungle)
  • Women wanted birth control, better working
    conditions child labor laws. Muller v. Oregon
    10 hr work day
  • African Americans formed National Association
    for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
    Led by W.E.B. DuBois

16
III. Goals of Progressives
  • Fight against poverty
  • Regulate corporations
  • Make social reforms
  • End corruption
  • Expose problems in society
  • Increase productivity

17
IV. Basic Beliefs that United the Movement
  • Progressives placed their faith in progress,
    technology, science
  • Called for active govt. to pass laws to improve
    lives
  • Protestant moral values
  • More than anything New Purpose of government!

18
U.S. History 9/18/08 http//students.resa.net/mil
ewski
  • OBJECTIVE Examine the Progressive Presidents.
  • I. Journal11 pt.A
  • -Examine Political Cartoons p.319
  • -Answer questions (1-2) p.319
  • II. Journal11 pt.B
  • -notes on the Progressive Presidents
  • III. Film The Indomitable Teddy Roosevelt
  • -questions about the 26th President

19
I. Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1908)
  • Went to Harvard rowed, boxed wrestled
  • Served as NYC Police Commissioner, Governor of NY
    VP of US
  • When McKinley was assassinated, Roosevelt became
    president.
  • Believed federal govt. should provide social
    welfare Square Deal

20
II. Roosevelts Square Deal
  • Set up federal regulation of the railroad
    industry
  • Pushed for Meat Inspection Act Pure Food and
    Drug Act (labeling of ingredients)
  • Established 50 wildlife sanctuaries national
    parks (conservationism)
  • Did NOT support civil rights

21
III. William Howard Taft (1908-1912)
  • Taft was handpicked by Roosevelt to take over.
    He won easily over democrats.
  • Taft chose to limit govt. control
  • Divided republican party cost them election in
    1912 control of Congress

22
IV. Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)
  • With only 42 of vote Wilson won 1912 election.
  • Grew up in south became Governor of New Jersey
  • His Programs (New Freedom)
  • Federal Trade Commission (p. 333)
  • Workmens compensation making employers pay for
    injuries on the job
  • 16th Amendment allowing federal income tax
  • Federal Reserve System (p. 334)
  • 19th Amendment - 1919 gave women right to vote.

23
U.S. History 9/19/08 http//students.resa.net/mil
ewski
  • OBJECTIVE Examine the Presidency of Theodore
    Roosevelt.
  • I. Journal12 pt.A
  • -Examine Federal Conservation Lands p.323
  • -Answer questions (1-2) p.323
  • II. Journal12 pt.B
  • -notes on trust-busting
  • III. Film The Indomitable Teddy Roosevelt
  • -questions about the 26th President

24
Trust-busting
  • In 1890 Congress passed the Sherman Anti-trust
    Act which gave the President the power to
    regulate businesses that did not operate in the
    best interest of the public.
  • The act was vague and it was difficult to
    enforce, but Roosevelt was always up for a
    challenge.

http//imagecache2.allposters.com/images/pic/PHO/A
AHD071_16x20President-Theodore-Roosevelt-Posters.
jpg
25
Good v. Bad Trusts
  • Roosevelt didnt think all trusts were bad, but
    he did take aim at those who violated the public
    interest.
  • In 1902 he filed suit against Northern Securities
    Company which controlled the railroads in the
    North East.
  • In 1904 the justice department agreed and the
    company was dissolved.
  • His administration filed 44 anti-trust suit and
    won many of them breaking up companies that to
    advantage of individuals.
  • He got the nickname The Trustbuster

http//www.radford.edu/wkovarik/class/law/trustbu
ster.roosevelt.gif
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