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INDIA-NEPAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION PROGRAMME

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Since 2007, a new School Eye Health Care Programme has also been launched. ... At the same time, small, grassroots level, community-based projects to be ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: INDIA-NEPAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION PROGRAMME


1
INDIA-NEPAL ECONOMIC COOPERATION PROGRAMME

2
FOCUS ON GRASSROOTS
  • In the late 1990s, Indian economic cooperation
    in Nepal was further diversified to focus on
    grassroots projects.

3
SMALL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (SDP) PROGRAMME
  • MOU signed between GOI and GON in November 2003
    and renewed in June 2006, August 2008 and August
    2011
  • Projects costing less than NRs. 5 crores ( 0.7
    Million) approximately ie.IRs. 3.125 crores).
  • Focus areas-Infrastructure Development and
    Capacity Building in the areas of
  • -Education
  • -Health
  • -Community Development

4
SMALL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (SDP) PROGRAMME
  • FEATURES
  • -Based on local needs,
  • -Through participation of
    community
  • and local bodies of GON
  • -Development directly reaching
    the beneficiaries, no overheads
  • -Direct involvement of stakeholders
  • -Low investment, no overheads
  • -Short gestation period
  • -Simple and transparent modality
  • -Flexible
  • -Hugely popular

5
RANGE OF PROJECTS UNDER SDP
  • Schools, multiple campuses, nursing campuses
    Other specialised training institutes Libraries
    Gifting of books, gifting of school buses
  • Primary health posts, maternity centres,
    hospitals, gifting of ambulances/medical
    vans/medical equipment
  • Rural electrification, micro hydroprojects
  • Rural/Urban roads, bridges
  • Canals (for example, Rajkulo in Lalitpur)
  • Rural drinking water projects, cold storages
  • River Training Projects
  • Reforestation/ afforestation
  • Developmental training for GONs senior
    bureaucrats.

6
SMALL DEVELOPMENT PROJECT (SDP) PROGRAMME
  • SOME STATISTICS
  • No. of SDPs (as of 31 December 2011) 389
  • Total value NRs.673.09 Crores ie 94.34 Million
    (appx) (IRs.421 cr)
  • Completed 183 Ongoing 206
  • No. of school projects(ongoing/completed) 200
  • No. of districts covered so far 70
  • No. of beneficiaries over 11 million

7
Nepal-Bharat Maitri Auditorium, Gorkha
8
Shree Janata Secondary School, Garahiya Dumaria,
Sarlahi
9
Shree Mahakaruna Sakyapa Vidyalaya, Lomanthang,
Mustang
10
SOME OTHER POPULAR GRASSROOTS PROGRAMMES
  • GIFTING OF AMBULANCES AND BUSES
  • Since 1994, 342 ambulances and 66 buses
    presented across 68 districts in Nepal (As of 26
    January 2012)
  • EYE CAMPS
  • Since 2001, assistance to Nepal Netra Jyoti
    Sangh for cataract and trachoma surgeries through
    country-wide eye-camps. So far, almost 4.25 lakh
    patients have been examined and more than 87,000
    surgeries performed in these camps, with total
    Indian assistance of NRs. 21.10 crores ie 2.84
    Million (appx). Number to exceed 100000 in 2012.
  • Since 2007, a new School Eye Health Care
    Programme has also been launched. More than 27000
    students have been provided with optical devices.

11
FINDINGS OF IMPACT STUDY OF SDPs IN DISTRICT
SARLAHI
  • Significant improvement in the pass percentage of
    students indicating high correlation with the
    improvement in the infrastructure of schools.
  • Significant improvement in the enrollment of
    students from disadvantaged groups including
    Dalit, Janajati and girl students.
  • Number of girl students registered impressive
    growth in most of these schools an important
    factor being availability of separate toilets for
    girl students.

12
OVERALL ONGOING PROJECTS(Including Large and
Small Projects)
  • DURING 2003- (December 31) 2011
  • 424 projects
  • Total outlay over NRs.6345 Crores ie 858
    Million (appx).
  • Education, Health, Community Development,
    Infrastructure

13
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14
LARGE HEALTH PROJECTS
  • 5 Storeyed OPD cum Ward Block of Bir Hospital
  • 200 Bed Emergency and Trauma Centre, Kathmandu
    NRs 149 Crores ie 20.1 Million (appx)
  • BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
    NRs 200 Crores ie 26.7 Million (appx)
  • Establishment of Bakhtawari Hari Eye Hospital in
    Krishnanagar, Kapilvastu NRs 40 Crores ie
    5.4 Million (appx)

15
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16
Large Road Projects
  • Government of India has constructed 807
    Kilometers out of the total road length of 1024
    Kilometers of the East West Highway from
    Mahendranagar to Mechi (Mahendra Raj Marg) which
    is today a life line of Nepal.
  • Twentytwo bridges on Kohalpur-Mahakali section of
    the East West Highway. These were handed over to
    the Government of Nepal in 2001.
  • Eight village and urban roads and three bridges
    have been constructed with GOI assistance of NRs
    48.79 crores( 6.59 Million appx) under SDP
    Programme to provide easy access to the people of
    remote villages.
  • Work is ongoing for construction of 10 roads and
    2 bridges at a cost of NRs 29.09 Crores ( 3.93
    Million) under SDP.

17
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18
OTHER ROAD PROJECTS
  • India constructed roads linking Kathmandu to
    Dakshinkali, Trishuli, Balaju and Godavari in the
    Kathmandu valley.
  • Tribhuvan Rajmarg Links Kathmandu with Birgunj.
    Construction started in 1953 and was completed in
    1956. Handed over to GON in 1965.
  • Siddhartha Rajmarg Links Sunauli with Pokhara.
  • Construction of Bagmati (Kathmandu) Mohana
    (Kailali) and Sirsiya (Parsa) Bridges.
  • Construction of Dakshinkali-Kulekhani Road

19
Flood Control and River Training
  • India has been providing assistance to Nepal for
    strengthening and extension of embankments for
    river training and flood protection works along
    Bagmati, Lalbakeya, ,Kamla, Gagan Trijuga,
    Lakhandehi, Sunsari, Kankai and Kaligandaki
    rivers in Nepal. Since 2007 an amount of nearly
    NRs 3 Billion ie 38.9 Million appx has been
    provided to GON.
  • A project for river training works on Banganga
    River in Kapilvastu District has been initiated
    at a cost of NRs 40 Million.
  • The embankments have helped to channel the rivers
    and prevent loss of life and property of the
    people of Nepal. 

20
Creation of Irrigation Facilities
  • Development of 1350 Shallow Tube Wells in
    Dhanusha,Mahottari and Siraha districts-NRs 11.46
    Crores ie 1.55 Million appx.
  • Development of 2700 Shallow Tube Wells in 9
    districts of Nepal NRs 25.67 Crores ie 3.47
    Million appx.
  • 22 Deep Tube Wells in Sunsari, Jhapa, Saptari and
    Siraha NRs 8.84 Crores ie 1.2 Million appx.

21
Hydropower
  • India-Nepal cooperation on the hydroelectricity
    projects on Koshi, Trishuli, Gandaki and Mahakali
    rivers account for the major portion of Nepals
    country's electricity output.
  • A 20 MW powerhouse was constructed as a part of
    Trishuli Hydropower Project in the 1970s.
  • Devighat Hydropower Project (3x5 MW) has been
    rehabilitated by BHEL in 2011 and was handed over
    to the GoN on 13th July, 2011.
  • Surajpur Power Project, Kataiya Power Project and
    Pushrekhola Project have received assistance as
    well.
  • Mahakali Treaty involves the integrated
    development of the river Mahakali, the Sarada
    Barrage, Tanakpur Barrage and Pancheshwar Project
    Cooperation and is also focusing on projects on
    the BudhiGandaki River.

22
Co-operating to provide electricity to Nepal
  • Presently Nepal is drawing 109 MW from India
    using various electric lines.
  • GOI actively supports Nepal to meet the shortfall
    of power that it faces.
  • Presently Nepal is drawing 109 MW from India
    using various cross border electric lines.
  • Plans are afoot to augment the supply to Nepal by
    about 74 MW in the short term ie within 2012  and
    upto 200 MW  by 2013

23
LARGE EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS
  • Manmohan Memorial Polytechnic at Biratnagar- NRs
    46 Crores ie 6.2 Million(appx)

24
  • CTEVT affiliated. Three disciplines Electrical,
    Electronics, and Mechanical and several short
    term 90 day- courses
  • More than 400 students Indian Faculty support for
    5 years.Work in progress. First batch to pass
    out in 2011

25
Proposed polytechnic at Hetauda, Makwanpur- NRs
50 Crores ie 6.7 Million (appx). Will offer
diploma courses in Electronics and communication,
Electrical, mechanical and Computer
EngineeringShort term certificate courses
26
LARGE ST PROJECTS
  • Establishment of proposed Science Learning Centre
    in Kathmandu- NRs 16 Crores ie 2.2 Million
    (appx)
  • Laying of 904 Kilometres Optical Fibre cable
    along the East-West Highway and setting up of 80
    stations of SDH equipment- NRs 118 Crores ie
    16.2 Million (appx)

27
CROSS-BORDER CONNECTIVITY
28
TERAI ROADS PROJECT
  • MOU for implementation of Phase I signed in
    January 2010
  • Upgradation of over 1450 km of feeder roads and
    postal roads in Terai (part of Strategic Road
    Network identified by GON).Two Phases
  • Phase-I to includes 19 roads totaling 605 km
    with cost of NRs. 1100 crores ie 166 Million
    (appx)

Phase-I Roads
29
MAHENDRANAGAR-TANAKPUR LINK ROAD
  • The 14.5 km link road connecting Mahendranagar in
    Nepals far-west with Tanakpur in India will
    extend the connectivity beyond the East-West
    Highway into India.- NRs. 67 crore ie 9 Million
    (appx)
  • DPR for the project had been completed. However
    GON has requested that this link road, which
    would be part of the Asian Highway Network (AHN),
    be designed as per the AHN specifications.
    Necessary modifications in the DPR are presently
    being carried out.

30
INTEGRATED CHECK-POSTS
  • State-of-the-art Integrated check-posts (ICP) at
    Birgunj, Biratnagar, Bhairahawa and Nepalgunj.
  • To provide integrated channel for cross-border
    movement of people and goods.
  • DPR for all four checkposts has been completed.
  • Raxaul-Birgunj andf Jogbani-Biratnagar ICPs are
    being undertaken under Phase-I. Work on ICP
    Birgunj has started and is expected to start soon
    in Biratnagar. Estimated cost is about Nrs. 416
    crores ie 56.2 Million (appx)
  • Work on ICP at Nepalgunj has been selected to be
    taken up next.
  • A high-level bilateral Project Steering Committee
    is monitoring the project to fast-track it.

31
CROSS-BORDER RAILWAY LINKS
  • Cross-border railway links at five border points
    Biratnagar, Janakpur (Bardibas), Nepalganj,
    Bhairahawa and Kakarbhitta.
  • DPR has been completed.
  • Projected cost at present over NRs 2123 crores
    ie 287 Million (appx)
  • Will significantly facilitate cross-border
    movement and will be a major boost for promoting
    trade and commerce.
  • following two points along the India-Nepal border
    at an estimated cost of NRs Rs.1090 crores ie
    147 Million(appx) are prioritised
  • (i) Jogbani-Biratnagar ( 18 Kms)(ii) Gauge
    conversion of Jayanagar to Bijalpura (51 kms) and
    extension of the same to Bardibas (17 kms).

32
Indias Assistance for the Peace Process in
Nepal
  • Indias economic cooperation engagement with
    Nepal has grown manifold in the past few years,
    particularly since the restoration of multiparty
    democracy in the country.
  • India welcomed the roadmap laid down by the
    historic Comprehensive Peace Agreement towards
    political stabilization in Nepal leading to the
    formation of the Constituent Assembly.
  • India remains steadfast in its commitment to
    extend assistance for Nepals economic
    rehabilitation and political stabilization. The
    existing developmental engagement stands to be
    further strengthened with the ushering in of a
    new era of hope and peace in Nepal.

33
Indias General Assistance
  • Direct budgetary assistance of IRs. 100 crore to
    GON in fiscal 2006-07
  • Soft credit line of US100 million for
    infrastructure development projects as
    prioritized by GON (In 2007).
  • Another line of credit of US250 extended in
    October 2011 during visit of PM of Nepal to
    India.
  • Waiver of outstanding dues on defence purchases
    (more than IRs. 100 crore)
  • Doubling the number of GOI scholarships for
    Nepalese students to 2000
  • Supply of 25,000 metric tons of fertilizers at
    subsidized prices

34
Indian Technical And Economic Co-operation
Programme- ITEC
  • India provides 100 ITEC scholarship annually to
    Nepalese citizens. It has been agreed to double
    the ITEC slots to 200 during PM Dr. Bhattarais
    visit.
  • From 2000 till date, more than 600 participants
    have benefited from attending short- term
    professional courses in India.
  • Apart from the training in professional courses,
    the participants are provided NR 40,000 per
    month, lodging Boarding facilities and return
    airfare.

35
  • More than 50 institutions conduct around 200
    short-term, medium-term and long-term courses
    every year.
  • The training programme is demand-driven and
    subjects selected are of interest to developing
    countries for their working professionals on a
    wide and diverse range of skills and disciplines.
  • Institutions like Indian Institute of Mass
    communication, IITs, Indian Institute of
    Science, TERI, Geological Survey of india and
    other institutions of international repute.

36
Indias Assistance for the Peace Process in
Nepal
  • Supply of over 1200 vehicles and 14,000 wireless
    sets to the Nepal Police
  • Supply of over 80 vehicles and 50 wireless sets
    to UN
  • Supply of 70 containers for storage of arms being
    managed under UN supervision
  • Supply of 6800 metric tons of food material and
    4000 tents for rehabilitation of internally
    displaced persons
  • Supporting the electoral process with close
    interaction between the Election Commissions of
    both countries through supply of equipment such
    as Electronic Voting Machines (200), ballot
    printing machines, computers, vehicles (75),
    training, sharing of experiences of Indian
    elections, etc.

37
Indias Assistance Philosophy
  • India believes that alongside progress in
    political process in Nepal, it is equally
    critical to ensure that economic deliverables,
    particularly in the areas of education, health
    and infrastructure, reach people without any
    pre-conditions in a smooth, quick and
    unencumbered manner.

38
Indias Development Focus in Nepal
  • Focus on connectivity projects
  • Large infrastructure projects to continue to be
    taken up aligned with Nepals development
    priorities
  • At the same time, small, grassroots level,
    community-based projects to be further
    strengthened and expanded

39
Miscellaneous Facts
  • There are 125,000 Indian Ex service Persons in
    Nepal.
  • GOI disburses pension worth NRs 2000 Crores (
    270 Million appx) every year besides other
    welfare activities like Medical camps, Medicine
    Pack Scheme, Rural electrification and drinking
    water projects.

40
Thank You
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