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The London Plan A tale of two Mayors


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Title: The London Plan A tale of two Mayors

The London Plan A tale of two Mayors?
  • Dr Helen Hill
  • December 2009

A tale of two Mayors?
  • Does Boris have different priorities?
  •   No major difference in vision except crime
    and safety more prominent a central pillar of
    Boris Johnsons Mayoralty, clear from his vision
    for London  
  • Families in safety
  • Ever safer parks and transport
  • Both
  • Improve quality of life - and enhanced prosperity
  • for Londoners
  • Tackle social and economic exclusion
  • Sustainability
  • Infrastructure transport
  • Long-term economic growth
  • London Plan - to set the framework to enable this
    to happen

(Evening Standard, 11/11/09)
Londons Economy Boris and Ken Demand and
supply of office space - London Review
Panel - Strategic employment locations (e.g.
Croydon) Arts Culture Creative
Industries Improving ICT Infrastructure Knowledge
Transfer and FE/HE Tourism Emerging Green
Economies Sustainability Skills and Employment
Opportunities for all - LSEB - low skills
- barriers to employment e.g. BAME and
childcare priorities
Boris Retail Diverse small shops
Have the circumstances changed?
  • Politics is obscuring economics and will
    continue to do some for some
  • considerable time (post-Election 2010)
  • Recession/Recovery and fiscal policy - both pre
    and post-Election danger for
  • London in terms of investment - Crossrail and
    London Underground
  • Structural investment that business needs the
    government central,
  • regional, local - to deliver
  • Mayor recognises strong natural population growth
    in London, coupled
  • with immigration (despite national level changes)
    means likely Londons
  • population will continue to grow, reaching 8.89m
    by 2013 (from 7.6m now)
  • So London is full huge impact on transport ,
    public services, leisure services
  • and housing

What does business want?
  • Of the following quality of life issues, which do
    you think has the greatest impact
  • on Londons attractiveness as a business

(LCCI/ComRes, London Business Leaders Panel
(LBLP), November 2009)
Of the following corporate environment issues,
which do you think has the greatest impact on
Londons attractiveness
(LCCI/ComRes, LBLP, November 2009)
Over all, which are the most important in
determining Londons attractiveness as a business
(LCCI/ComRes, LBLP, November 2009)
Infrastructure Over 85 per cent of LCCI members
and over 96 per cent of ICE members consider
London's infrastructure to be very or somewhat
important in encouraging businesses to locate in
the capital (LCCI/ICE, Engineering London's
Success, December 2009)
Confidence in forward planning in terms of
future capacity the Victorians and the Tube
  • Transport glue that binds the City if it does
    not deliver, nor will any other
  • policy or strategy
  • Reliable/efficient
  • Safe
  • Capacity room to move
  • Well connected within and out of London (UK and
  • Efficient in terms of planning and timely

  • LCCI transport and infrastructure priorities
  • London Underground/Overground upgrades
  • Crossrail 1 (and 2)
  • Airport Capacity Heathrow R3 versus Thames
    Estuary Airport
  • High speed rail
  • Improved connectivity in outer London
  • Completion of Thameslink upgrade
  • Minimum disruption to road network
  • London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games and
    their legacy
  • Social and affordable housing
  • (not ranked in priority order)

  • Not forgetting the less attractive Cinderella
  • London Tideway Tunnels
  • Sufficient water and energy provision dont let
    the lights go out!
  • Improved ICT infrastructure provision to improve
    working life and
  • quality of life
  • Data transfer from London to UK and international
  • Solutions include flexible working to reduce
    transport congestion
  • Retrofitting and commitment to tackling effects
    of climate change cross
  • party priority but for Boris and for Ken
    because this is an opportunity for
  • London to accommodate expansion of green business
    sector Mayors Green
  • Enterprise Districts in Thames Gateway

  • London Plan does refer to the need for
    partnerships to lobby for
  • greater investment more revenue raising powers
  • approaches such as tax increment financing
  • Large scale convention centre capacity in or
    around CAZ -
  • both Mayors have championed this 
  • Boris sees business tourism as a priority which
    is good
  • how do we get it back?

  • Mayors role is to use the bully-pulpit with
    central government and Europe
  • Mayor has been praised by business community for
    speaking out against 50
  • pence tax and central London being hardest hit
    by business rate increases
  • and now tax increment finance initiatives
  • And in Europe the AIFM proposal to clamp down
    on hedge funds/private
  • equity houses

Mayors work overseas is important to the
business community LCCI campaigned for Boris to
save Kens offices overseas   London firms
clearly believe that Londons international
offices are important and offer good value for
money 67 per cent of LCCI companies supported
the GLAs policy of operating offices in India
and China (LCCI/ComRes, LBLP, June
2008)   Closing the offices in India and China as
part of a cost-cutting exercise would have been
short-sighted and sent entirely the wrong signals
to potential investors and importers in two of
Londons most important potential markets If
the Mayor is not out there promoting London,
someone else will be promoting New York, Paris,
or Sydney instead - again this is a priority for
both Boris and Ken    These areas of
competitiveness encroach on MTS and EDS, but
cannot look at these in isolation as Mayor
Private sector central to success of London
recognised by Mayor   London Plan is based on
London experiencing a cyclical recovery
post-recession, followed by longer-term positive
job growth thereafter  A city with an economy
as dependent upon the private sector as London
also needs growth to ensure its fabric receives
the public investment it requires. If it does
not, London will not be able to go on making a
significant net contribution to the national
exchequer.   No reason why London will not
continue to grow and continue to make this
contribution Londons net contribution to the
UK is between 14.3bn and 19.4bn (LSE/City of
London Corporation Londons Place in the UK
Economy 2009-2010)   4.68m jobs in 2007, rising
to 5.45m by 2031 an increase on 750,000 jobs
  Business and financial services will make up
38 of the new jobs  
Where will the jobs be?   Employment has grown
fastest in central and inner London   Outer
London may not be realising its full potential in
contributing to Londons success?   Role of Outer
London Commission (OLC) to support outer London
in contributing to its own and London plcs
success (LCCI representation on OLC)
  • Londons Economy
  • London Plan complements EDS and providing the
    basis for continued
  • growth and economic development is a key theme of
    the Plan
  • Encourage a strong and diverse economy
  • Provide suitable work space
  • Drive Londons transition to a low carbon economy
  • Promote OL as an attractive location for national
    government and business
  • Support the distinctive and crucial contribution
    to Londons economic success made by central
    London and its specialist clusters of economic
  • Sustain the continuing regeneration of inner
    London and redress its persistent concentration
    of deprivation
  • Emphasise the need for greater recognition of the
    importance of enterprise and innovation
  • Promote London as a suitable location for
    European and international agencies and
    businesses we support Mayors (and Lord
    Mayors) promotion overseas - incredibly

Transport Connectivity   MTS
but included in London Plan   Sustainable
transport methods important to both
Mayors   Car dependency must be reduced in favour
of public transport, cycling, walking
sustainable transport methods again both Mayors
in agreement here. Ken planned Velib scheme and
Boris is implementing it   Boris - cycle
superhighways   Congestion charge Boris has
scrapped WEZ but he is certainly not about to
abandon the charge in central zone   Nonetheless
it is good to see the car is no longer demonised
Mayor recognises urgent need to smooth traffic
flow and reduce congestion and traffic levels
e.g. looking at OL park and ride   However the
Plan allows the Mayor to examine road-user
charging as a demand management tool (if other
ideas unsuccessful) business must not become a
cash cow!  
  • Transport Connectivity
  • Freight - efficient distribution of freight
    including the river (2012)
  •   Cross-London and orbital rail links   Again
    outer London is a priority for Boris and a change
    in direction from Ken   Mayor is investigating
    the possibility of additional river crossings in
    East London both Mayors have done this but will
    it really happen?
  • Additional river crossing is unlikely to be
    prioritised at present possibility of major
    retrenchment and spending cutbacks post-May
    (March?) 2010  
  • A decade of conservatism…

Aviation   And heres where we really disagree
with Boris and Ken (albeit latterly)   Boris
recognises that adequate airport capacity
serving a wide range of destinations is critical
to the competitive position of London in a global
economy…   But strongly opposed to R3 at
Heathrow   Who would pay for Boris Island?
LCCI survey of London firms found that 63 per
cent of those questioned did not think the
airport could be built within the next twenty
years, while just 28 per cent said it could be
built in time (LCCI/ComRes, LBLP, April 2009)
Planning Sustainability   Mayors planning
powers were extended in 2007   We must plan for
continued growth in London   Mayor wants a new,
more consensual approach to planning agreed and
shared objectives agencies in London working
with those in East and South-East England
Business wants expediency and certainty LCCI
lobbying in earnest for Crossrail since
1989 LCCI wants to see continued support and
funding for the Infrastructure Planning
Commission (IPC), including under any new
government, to streamline decision-making on
major projects key recommendation in LCCI/ICE
infrastructure report
Over 62 per cent of engineers and businesses
believe central government does not take a
sufficiently long-term view on major London
infrastructure projects (LCCI/ICE, Engineering
London's Success, December 2009)

  • London Plan aims to ensure that all of London
    can benefit from the growth How?  
  • How do we regenerate outer London?   Do the more
    affluent and families choose to leapfrog outer
    London to reside in Kent, Essex and the wider
    South East or to dwell in the inner London
  • Drive low carbon goods and services and support
    innovation But how will this take place and what
    will it look like?
  • A future for manufacturing in London?
  •   Mayor will continue to support financial and
    business services leisure services and retail
    whilst at same time provide the conditions for
    other sectors to develop? But how do we avoid
    picking winners?     Workspace London Plan
    recognises that the overall provision is
    sufficient, but in CAZ may need mixed use
    development but how do we determine this?
    Should we not let the market decide?  

LP should set the conditions for the market to
provide e.g. allow mixed use development
retain land for commercial activity empty
property rate relief   Trends circumstances -
Flexible working/hot desking will we need more
office space?   Through OLC, there could be
benefit in boroughs providing good quality
affordable office space in outer boroughs to help
regenerate local economies Plan states that
boroughs can manage change of surplus office
space to other uses, provided overall capacity is
sustained to meet Londons long-term office needs
Or should the priority be housing? but
housing alone will not regenerate outer London
  • But how will the boroughs know?
  • How will they achieve this? They will have to
    prioritise attracting businesses to their
  • localities if they want economic regeneration
  • We could move swathes of the civil service to
    outer London boroughs such as Croydon
  • regeneration of local economies and save the
    taxpayer a fortune…
  • Very difficult to get the balance right and make
    decisions that will have potentially huge
  • impact on boroughs
  • Night time economy is important to Mayor
    boroughs are encouraged to have an
  • evidence based approach to managing night time
    economy through integrated range of
  • measures - planning, licensing, policing,
    transport and street cleaning
  • Again difficult balance for boroughs but a hugely
    important aspect of London life in
  • economic terms

  • In summary
  • LCCI supports the Mayor(s) in the London Plan
    Economic Development
  • Strategy and the Mayors Transport Strategy
  • Support long-term perspective of 20-25 years but
    at the same time London
  • needs flexibility to mitigate specific economic
    conditions and adapt to economic
  • and political cycles
  • Plan must not be too prescriptive it must set
    the framework and provide the
  • necessary infrastructure within which the markets
    can decide
  • A balanced approach across the boroughs but not
    at the expense of the
  • centre

  • Mayor is supportive of SMEs and we welcome this
  • Skills difficult nut to crack, but business
    does want to see good education and
  • solutions for worklessness
  • Quality of life issues are important to business
    e.g. good quality, affordable
  • housing tacking crime public services, health,
    education etc
  • Good business consultation and engagement from
    the GLA on the plans
  • Support Mayor in championing London over party
    politics e.g. 50 pence tax
  • Difficult times ahead a decade of conservatism…
  • Private sector will pull the UK out of recession
    and we need to provide the
  • conditions to enable it to do so!