Beginning 14501750 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – Beginning 14501750 PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 26c1a-ZDEzY


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

Beginning 14501750


European kingdoms gain power ... Collection of Turkish Tribes from Asia Minor ... 3. Pirates. 4. Decline of Silk Road. 5. Inept Rulers. Rise of Qing Dynasty ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:52
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 18
Provided by: gcs6


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Beginning 14501750

Beginning 1450-1750
  • Main Topics
  • World becomes global!
  • Maritime trade dominates the world
  • European kingdoms gain power
  • Labor systems transformed
  • Gunpowder Empires emerge in Middle East and Asia

The Ottoman Empire
  • Collection of Turkish Tribes from Asia Minor
  • 1453 Conquered Constantinople and collapsed the
    Byzantine Empire
  • From Constantinople (later Istanbul) they would
    launch raids against the Balkans of Europe
  • Suleiman the Magnificent led control of land on
    three continents (Southwestern Europe, Middle
    East, and North Africa)
  • Siege of Vienna (1530) turning point of Ottoman
    expansion and European unity to fight the Muslim

Ottoman Empire Continued
  • They used civil service and bureaucracy to
    maintain a multiethnic empire for 600 years
  • The Sultan was the absolute ruler
  • Got wealth from controlling the Dardanelles and
    Black Sea control
  • Great army of mounted and foot soldiers used
    Janissaries Balkan Christian boys captured and
    trained into the army
  • Slaves were used as labor

Ottoman Empire again
  • Most Turks were Sunni Islam, however there were
    Orthodox Christians and Jews that made up large
    part of the empire
  • Culture was extremely diverse due to trade
    connections and diversity of land
  • The merchant class was important
  • Women had more equality than most areas,
    including the right to own property.

HOLY COW the Mughal Empire!
  • Continuation of the Delhi Sultanate
    descendents of the Mongol invaders (hence Mughal)
  • Land included modern day India, Pakistan, and
  • Strong military required high taxes
  • Military service was rewarded with land grants
    upset regional rulers
  • Muslim authority over Hindus Akbar married a
    Hindu woman and tried to reconcile with the
    majority Hindi population
  • Sikhism emerges in some areas a combination
    of Islam and Hinduism
  • Limited trade
  • The Taj Mahal was built during this time. It is
    an Islamic building

  • Gunpowder Empire in Japan
  • Tokugawa organized the daimyos (regional lords)
    and the Shoguns into one unified powerful family
  • Emperor still honored as ceremonial leader
  • Tent government under Emperor settled in Edo
    (modern day Tokyo) and ruled by alternate
    attendance daimyos must spend every other year
    the Tokugawa shoguns court
  • Daimyos now have limited time to focus on armies
    back home (same way Louis XIV controlled the
    French nobles in European history)

Tokugawa Continued
  • Tokugawa had less patience with Christian
    missionaries from the west than the Chinese did
  • Japanese idea of Europeans based on Spanish
    conquest of the Philippines a fate they did not
    want to share
  • 1630s the Shogunate closed Japan by
    forbidding all Japanese from going abroad and
    expelling Europeans from Japan
  • Feared Europeans and daimyos would form alliance
    to over take Tokugawa control

Ming Dynasty in China
  • Ming Emperors ruled China until Mid-1600
  • Even in decline, the cultural brilliance and
    economic achievements continued
  • Problems that factored in decline
  • Hard to control borders
  • Armies expensive to maintain
  • Transportation and communication issues

End of Ming Dynasty
  • 1. Climatic Change weather turned colder
    affected agriculture and health created famine
    caused rebellions to occur
  • 2. Nomadic Invasions Mongols invaded with help
    of Tibet instituted the Dalai Lama or
    universal teacher of Tibetan Buddhism Japan
    also attacked Korea (a Chinese tributary state)
  • 3. Pirates
  • 4. Decline of Silk Road
  • 5. Inept Rulers

Rise of Qing Dynasty
  • The Manchus finally overthrew the Ming in 1644
  • Ming had originally asked the Manchus to help
    fight off the Mongols
  • They did and then attacked the Ming when they
    were done!!
  • Called themselves the Qing (pure) b/c they saw
    themselves as restoring China to glory
  • Qing Dynasty ruled China until 1911

Qing Dynasty
  • Borrowed from Chinese culture
  • Ex. Mandate of Heaven
  • Kept their ethnic identity
  • Forbid intermarriage of Manchu and Chinese
  • Forbid Chinese from learning the Manchurian
  • Required Chinese men to shave their heads and
    grow long queues at the back of their heads as a
    sign of submission!

Question from Video(copy now)
  • Describe the historical figures and
  • circumstances that led to the High
  • Renaissance.
  • Identify major works by Raphael, Leonardo da
    Vinci, and Michelangelo,.
  • Identify the contributions these artists
  • brought to the world of visual arts.

(No Transcript)
Scientific Revolution
  • Key People Copernicus, Galileo, Francis Bacon,
    William Harvey
  • Movement Ideals
  • World explained through natural laws instead of
    superstition Sun was center of universe
    Scientific Method Question traditional church
    practices and teachings
  • Diffusion Throughout Europe and American colonies

(No Transcript)
  • Key People John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau,
    Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire
  • Ideas Natural Rights life, liberty, property
    right of people to protest and overthrow the
    government Freedom of speech, press, religion
  • Diffusion Europe and American Colonies

(No Transcript)