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Chapter 5 The United States


The United States: Political. The United States: Physical. The United ... World Almanac. Population of Major U.S. Cities. Physical Geography. The Big Idea ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 5 The United States

Chapter 5 The United States
Section Notes
Impact of Immigration
Physical Geography History and Culture The United
States Today
The United States Political The United States
Physical The United States Climate Natural
Hazards in the United States Western Expansion
Regions of the United States Land Use and
Resources The United States Assessment Map
World Almanac
Population of Major U.S. Cities
Quick Facts
Chapter 5 Visual Summary
Grand Canyon Tornado Diagram Diverse America
Physical Geography
  • The Big Idea
  • The United States is a large country with diverse
    physical features, climates, and resources.
  • Main Ideas
  • Major physical features of the United States
    include mountains, rivers, and plains.
  • The climate of the United States is wetter in the
    East and South and drier in the West.
  • The United States is rich in natural resources
    such as farmland, oil, forests, and minerals.

Main Idea 1Major physical features of the
United States include mountains, rivers, and
The United States is the third largest country.
Physical features from east to west include
  • Flat, close to sea level
  • Rises to a higher level called the Piedmont

Atlantic Coastal Plain
  • Main mountain range in the East
  • Millions of years of erosion so that highest peak
    is about 6,700 feet

Appalachian Mountains
Interior Plains
  • Filled with hills, lakes, and rivers

Physical Features, continued
  • The largest group of freshwater lakes in the
  • Important for trade between the United States and

Great Lakes
  • North Americas longest and most important river
  • Has many tributaries, or smaller streams or
    rivers that flow into a larger stream or river
  • E.g., the Missouri and Ohio rivers which help
    drain the entire Interior Plains.
  • These rivers deposit rich silt that creates the
    fertile farmlands of the Interior Plains.

Mississippi River
  • At higher elevation has vast areas of grasslands

Great Plains
Physical Features West of the Rockies
Rocky Mountains
  • Enormous rugged mountain ranges that rise above
    14,000 feet
  • A line of high peaks in the Rocky Mountains
  • A continental divide is an area of high ground
    that divides the flow of rivers towards opposite
    ends of a continent. Rivers to the east empty
    into the Mississippi River and to the west into
    the Pacific Ocean.

Continental Divide
  • At 20,320 feet, Alaskas Mount McKinley is the
    highest mountain in North America.
  • Hawaii formed by volcanoes millions of years ago.

Alaska and Hawaii
Main Idea 2The climate of the United States is
wetter in the East and South and drier in the
  • East and South
  • Northeast Humid continental climate with snowy
    winters and warm, humid summers
  • South Humid subtropical climate with milder
    winters and warm, humid summers
  • Florida Warm all year
  • Interior Plains
  • Most of the region A humid continental climate
  • Great Plains Hot and dry summers
  • West
  • West Mostly dry
  • Pacific Northwest coast A wet, mild coastal
  • Alaska Sub-arctic and tundra climates
  • Hawaii A warm, tropical climate

Main Idea 3The United States is rich in natural
resources such as farmland, oil, forests, and
  • Alaska, California, or Louisiana oil
  • The U.S. is a major oil producer but uses more
    oil than it produces.
  • Appalachians and Rockies minerals including coal
  • Coal supplies the energy for more than half of
    the electricity produced in the U.S.
  • The U.S. has about 25 percent of the worlds coal
  • Forests lumber
  • Farmlands wheat, corn, soybeans, cotton, fruits,
    and vegetables

History and Culture
  • The Big Idea
  • Democratic ideas and immigration have shaped the
    history and culture of the United States.
  • Main Ideas
  • The United States is the worlds first modern
  • The people and culture of the United States are
    very diverse.

Main Idea 1The United States is the worlds
first modern democracy.
  • 1500s Europeans settlers established colonies,
    or territories inhabited and controlled by people
    from a foreign land.
  • Mid-1700s The British Empire included more than
    a dozen colonies along the Atlantic coast.
  • Boston and New York became major seaports.
  • Plantations, or large farms that grow mainly one
    crop, harvested tobacco, rice, or cotton using
    enslaved Africans.
  • July 1776 The colonial representatives adopted
    the Declaration of Independence, which did not
    give rights to everyone, but was a great step
    toward equality and justice.
  • 1781 General George Washington's army defeated
    the British in the Revolutionary War, which had
    started in Massachusetts and spread west and
  • Britain recognized the independence of the U.S.
    and granted the U.S. all its land east of the
    Mississippi River.

Expansion and Industrial Growth
  • These first settlers who traveled west for land
    and plentiful resources were called pioneers.
  • Groups of families undertook the harsh trip along
    the 2,000-mile Oregon Trail.
  • Late 1840s Discovery of gold brought tens of
    thousands of people to California.
  • 1850 More than 23 million people
  • Late 1880s Major steel, oil, and textile
  • Most industrial cities in Northeast and Midwest.
  • The development of waterways and railroads helped
    industry and expansion into interior.
  • Late 1800s/early 1900s Immigration from Europe
    creates a culturally diverse nation.

Wars and Peace
  • The United States fought in several wars during
    the 1900s.
  • Many Americans died in World Wars I and II.
  • The United States and the Soviet Union became
    rivals in the Cold War.
  • 1950s War in Korea
  • 1960s and 1970s War in Vietnam
  • Early 1990s The collapse of the Soviet Union
    marked the end of the Cold War.
  • 1991 The United States fought Iraq in the
    Persian Gulf War.
  • 2003 United States invaded Iraq and is helping
    Iraqis rebuild their country today.
  • Today the United States is one of the most
    powerful members of the United Nations.

U.S. Government and Citizenship
  • A limited, democratic government with an elected
    president and Congress
  • The Constitution defines the powers of the
    federal government.
  • The federal government handles issues affecting
    the whole country.
  • States, counties, and cities have their own
    governments that provide state and local
    services, such as trash collection, road
    building, electricity, and public transportation.

  • U.S. citizens have the right to vote from age 18.
  • Citizens are encouraged to participate in their
  • Participation is essential to democratic

Rights And Responsibilities
Main Idea 2The people and culture of the United
States are very diverse.
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Many came from Mexico, Cuba, and other Latin
    American countries.
  • Most live in the southwestern states that border
  • Native Americans
  • For thousands of years, Native Americans were the
    only people in the Americas.
  • Today most live in the west, particularly in
    Arizona and New Mexico.
  • African Americans
  • African Americans live in every region, but
    southern states and many large cities have a
    higher percentage.
  • European Descendents
  • About 7 out of every 10 people
  • Asian Americans
  • Live mostly in California

Language and Religion
  • After English, Spanish is the most widely spoken
  • About 17 million Americans speak Spanish.
  • Over 50 million are bilingual, or speak two

  • Most people are Christians. Some are Jewish or
    Muslim. A small percentage is Hindu or Buddhist.
  • Many religious holidays Christmas, Easter,
    Hanukkah, Yom Kippur, Rosh Hashanah, Ramadan and
    the feast called Id al-Fitr
  • African Americans also celebrate Kwanzaa, a
    holiday that is based on a traditional African

Food, Music, and Popular Culture
  • Diverse ethnic foods like Mexican tacos, Italian
    pasta, or Japanese sushi are now part of the
    American diet.
  • Music from around the world have also influenced
    American culture.
  • American musical styles include blues, jazz,
    rock, and hip hop.

Food And Music
  • American culture, such as movies, television
    programs, and sports, are popular abroad.
  • E.g., Star Wars seen by millions, baseball in
    Japan, Starbucks in almost every major city, and
    an MTV channel in Asia

Popular Culture
The United States Today
  • The Big Idea
  • The United States has four main regions and faces
    opportunities and challenges.
  • Main Ideas
  • The United States has four regionsthe Northeast,
    South, Midwest, and West.
  • The United States has a strong economy and a
    powerful military but is facing the challenge of
    world terrorism.

Main Idea 1The United States has four
regionsthe Northeast, South, Midwest, and West.
  • The Northeast
  • Industrial and financial centers
  • Economy banks, investment firms, insurance
    companies, respected universities
  • Rich farmland, coal, steel production, and
  • Most densely populated region in the U.S. with 40
    million people
  • Cities from Boston to Washington, D.C. form a
    megalopolis, or a string of large cities that
    have grown together.
  • Cities founded in colonial era became important
  • The South
  • Rich farmlands grow cotton, tobacco, and citrus
  • This region is becoming more urban and
  • Atlanta metropolis has grown from 1 million in
    1960 to 4 million today.
  • Research Triangle in North Carolina is growing
    high-tech area.
  • Texas Gulf Coast and lower Mississippi Rover
    areas have huge oil refineries and petrochemical
  • Important trade centers with Mexico and Central
    and South American countries. E.g., Miami

The Midwest and the West
  • The Midwest
  • One of the most productive farming regions in the
  • Crops corn, wheat, and soybeans
  • Dairy farms in Wisconsin, Michigan, and Minnesota
  • Major cities are located near the Mississippi and
    Ohio Rivers and the Great Lakes because products
    are easily shipped to and from these centers.
  • Detroit, Michigan, is the countrys leading
    automobile producer.
  • Chicago, Illinois, is the third largest city in
    the nation.
  • The West
  • Large open spaces with major cities on the
    Pacific Coast
  • More than 10 percent of the nation lives in
    California, where farming, technology, and
    entertainment are important industries.
  • Economy of other states ranching and growing
  • Mineral resources coal, oil, gold, silver,
    copper, and others
  • Oregon and Washington forestry and fishing
  • Seattle Washingtons largest city with many
  • Alaska oil, forests, and fish
  • Hawaii pineapple, sugarcane, and tourism

Main Idea 3The United States has a strong
economy and a powerful military but is facing the
challenge of world terrorism.
  • Largest economy in the world
  • Many natural resources, modern technologies, and
  • Beneficial trade with Canada, Mexico, China,
    Japan, and Europe
  • 1992 The North American Free Trade Agreement,
    NAFTA, has made trade easier with Mexico and

  • A powerful military to protect the U.S.
  • Helps other countries defend themselves

  • September 11, 2001 Terrorists hijacked four
    American jets and crashed them into the World
    Trade Center and the Pentagon.
  • The hijackers wanted to disrupt the U.S. economy
    with terrorism, or violent attacks that cause
  • President George W. Bush declared war on
    terrorism and established the Department of
    Homeland Security.
  • The U.S. sent forces to Afghanistan to kill or
    capture members of al Qaeda, a terrorist group,
    and established a new democratic government in
    the country.
  • 2003 Bush believed Iraq was another threat and
    ordered an invasion of Iraq.
  • World leaders are working with the U.S. to combat

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