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Patterns and Trends of AmphetamineType Stimulants and Other Drugs in East Asia and the Pacific

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... and Trends of Amphetamine-Type Stimulants and Other Drugs in East Asia and the Pacific. Gerson Bergeth. Partnership Expert and Project Coordinator. Why gather data? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Patterns and Trends of AmphetamineType Stimulants and Other Drugs in East Asia and the Pacific


1
Patterns and Trends of Amphetamine-Type
Stimulants and Other Drugs in East Asia and the
Pacific
Gerson Bergeth Partnership Expert and Project
Coordinator
2
  • Why gather data?
  • gtbaseline for monitoring and evaluation
  • gtsupport for certain approaches
  • gtmaximize the use of resources

3
Presentation Structure
  • The ATS situation in Asia
  • Overview
  • Demand
  • Supply

4
The ATS situation in Asia Overview Trends in
abuse of selected drugs, 2005
Not ranked as a drug of abuse in 2005 a Refers
to 2004 trend
5
The ATS situation in Asia Overview Meth abuse
increasing in 8 countries, ranked 1 in 6
Not ranked as a drug of abuse in 2005 a Refers
to 2004 trend
6
The ATS situation in Asia Overview Ecstasy
abuse increasing in 7 countries
Not ranked as a drug of abuse in 2005 a Refers
to 2004 trend
7
The ATS situation in Asia Overview Heroin abuse
increasing in 6 countries, ranked 1 in 3
Not ranked as a drug of abuse in 2005 a Refers
to 2004 trend
8
The ATS situation in Asia Overview Cannabis
abuse increasing in 3 countries, ranked 1 in 2
Not ranked as a drug of abuse in 2005 a Refers
to 2004 trend
9
The ATS situation in Asia Overview ATS reported
as the primary drug of abuse in 6 of 13 countries
ATS
Heroin/Opium
Cannabis
Benzodiazepines
The boundaries and names shown on this map do not
imply official endorsement or acceptance by the
UN.
10
The ATS situation in Asia Overview Primary form
of ATS abused in the region
Methamphetamine pills
Crystalline methamphetamine
Ecstasy
The boundaries and names shown on this map do not
imply official endorsement or acceptance by the UN
11
Presentation Structure
  • The ATS situation in Asia
  • Overview
  • Demand
  • Supply

12
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Primary drug
of abuse in each country, 2005
Based on 2004 household survey data
13
The ATS situation in Asia Demand ATS reported
as primary drug of abuse in 6 countries
Based on 2004 household survey data
14
The ATS situation in Asia Demand ATS reported
as primary drug of abuse in 6 countries
Based on 2004 household survey data
15
The ATS situation in Asia Demand ATS reported
as primary drug of abuse in 6 countries
Based on 2004 household survey data
16
The ATS situation in Asia Demand ATS reported
as primary drug of abuse in 6 countries
Based on 2004 household survey data
17
The ATS situation in Asia Demand ATS reported
as primary drug of abuse in 6 countries
Based on 2004 household survey data
18
The ATS situation in Asia Demand ATS reported
as primary drug of abuse in 6 countries
Based on 2004 household survey data
19
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Primary drugs
of abuse in Cambodia in 2005
20
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Primary drugs
of abuse in Cambodia in 2005
  • Methamphetamine ranked as the 1 drug of abuse
  • Increasing trend in methamphetamine abuse

21
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Primary drugs
of abuse in Cambodia in 2005
  • Ecstasy abuse reported as increasing

22
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Prevalence of
abuse in the Philippines
  • 23 percent reported lifetime abuse
  • Shabu most frequently cited with two-thirds
    having abused the drug
  • 60 percent lifetime abusers were current abusers
  • Shabu most abused among current abusers at 73.8
    percent
  • Estimated 11,141,490 people had abused drugs in
    lifetime
  • Estimated 6,765,773 current abusers of 83 million
    total population

23
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Prevalence of
abuse in Indonesia
  • Cannabis most commonly abused at 84 of
    respondents in lifetime
  • Ecstasy most commonly abused ATS with 32.1 of
    the household population and 23.1 of boarding
    house population in lifetime.
  • 37.1 of boarding house respondents abused
    ecstasy in past year
  • Methamphetamine second most popular - 28.9 of
    household population and 26.6 of boarding house
    population in lifetime

24
The ATS situation in Asia Demand How was ATS
demand reflected in treatment data?
25
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Significant
number of admissions for ATS treatment
26
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Significant
number of admissions for ATS treatment
27
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Significant
number of admissions for ATS treatment
28
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Significant
number of admissions for ATS treatment
29
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Significant
number of admissions for ATS treatment
30
The ATS situation in Asia Demand How was ATS
demand reflected in treatment data?
31
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Treatment
admissions in the Philippines
32
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Treatment
admissions in the Philippines
  • 70 are admitted for shabu

33
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Type of drugs
injected
34
The ATS situation in Asia Demand 8 countries
reported injection of ATS
35
The ATS situation in Asia Demand 8 countries
reported injection of ATS
36
The ATS situation in Asia Demand 8 countries
reported injection of ATS
37
The ATS situation in Asia Demand 8 countries
reported injection of ATS
38
The ATS situation in Asia Demand 8 countries
reported injection of ATS
39
The ATS situation in Asia Demand 8 countries
reported injection of ATS
40
The ATS situation in Asia Demand 8 countries
reported injection of ATS
41
The ATS situation in Asia Demand 8 countries
reported injection of ATS
42
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Methamphetamine
abuse increasing in 8 of 13 countries
  • Crystal methamphetamine abuse dominates in
    Brunei, Japan, Philippines and parts of South
    China and may be increasing in the Greater Mekong
    Sub-region (GMS)
  • When one form of meth decreasing another may be
    on the increase

Increase
Stable
Decrease
  • Pills / tablets continue to dominate abuse
    trends in the GMS

The boundaries and names shown on this map do not
imply official endorsement or acceptance by the UN
43
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Ecstasy abuse
increasing in 7 countries
  • Although at low levels ecstasy abuse is
    increasing in urban areas
  • There is confusion around terminology and also
    composition of ecstasy leading to possible
    misreporting

Increase
Stable
Decrease
No abuse reported
The boundaries and names shown on this map do not
imply official endorsement or acceptance by the UN
44
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Heroin abuse
increasing in 6 countries
  • Long term abuse in the region
  • Abuse declining in Myanmar, Singapore and
    Thailand
  • Number 1 abused drug in 3 countries China,
    Malaysia and Viet Nam

The boundaries and names shown on this map do not
imply official endorsement or acceptance by the UN
45
The ATS situation in Asia Demand Opium abuse
generally declining
  • Long term abuse in the region associated with
    older drug abusers
  • Abuse declining across the south Greater Mekong
    Subregion (GMS)
  • Exception China where an increase reported

The boundaries and names shown on this map do not
imply official endorsement or acceptance by the UN
46
The ATS situation in Asia Recap of demand
trends
  • Methamphetamine and ecstasy abuse continued to
    dominate the region.
  • 8 of the 13 countries reported an increasing
    trend in methamphetamine abuse
  • 6 of the 13 profiled countries ranked
    methamphetamine as the primary drug of concern
  • 7 of the 9 countries which ranked ecstasy as a
    drug of concern reported an increasing trend of
    abuse.

47
The ATS situation in Asia Recap of demand
trends
  • 8 countries reported injection of
    methamphetamines
  • Treatment for ATS made up a significant
    percentage of total admissions
  • Methamphetamine abuse comprised more than 70
    percent total admissions in Philippines
  • 90 percent of all admissions in the Lao, and
  • Nearly two-thirds of all admissions in Thailand

48
Presentation Structure
  • The ATS situation in Asia
  • Overview
  • Demand
  • Supply

49
The ATS situation in Asia Supply How was ATS
supply reflected in law enforcement data?
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
50
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
51
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
52
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
53
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
54
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
55
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
56
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
57
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
58
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
59
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Significant
number of ATS-related arrests
Data from Australian refers to financial year
2003/04 data from Japan refers to calendar year
2004.
60
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Meth-related
arrests and pill seizures in Cambodia, 1997 - 2005
61
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Meth-related
arrests and pill seizures in Cambodia, 1997 - 2005
62
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Meth-related
arrests and pill seizures in Cambodia, 1997 - 2005
63
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Total seizures
for selected drugs, 2005
Combined herb and resin
64
The ATS situation in Asia Supply ATS seizures
dominated the region
Combined herb and resin
65
The ATS situation in Asia Supply ATS seizures
dominated the region
Combined herb and resin
66
The ATS situation in Asia Supply ATS seizures
dominated the region
Combined herb and resin
67
The ATS situation in Asia Supply ATS seizures
dominated the region
Combined herb and resin
68
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Drug seizures
in Cambodia, 2005
69
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Drug seizures
in Cambodia, 2005
  • More than a third of a million methamphetamine
    pills were seized in 2005

70
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Drug seizures
in Cambodia, 2005
  • Methamphetamine crystal and powder were seized
    for the first time in 2005

71
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Drug seizures
in Cambodia, 2005
  • Methamphetamine crystal and powder were seized
    for the first time in 2005

72
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Drug seizures
in Cambodia, 2005
  • 1,906 ecstasy pills were seized in 2005

73
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Methamphetamine
seizures in Cambodia, 2003 - 2005

74
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Clandestine
methamphetamine lab seizures, 2002 - 2005
Source World Drug Report 2004
75
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Clandestine
methamphetamine lab seizures, 2002 - 2005
Source World Drug Report 2004
  • Labs seized were large-scale production factories

76
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Clandestine
ecstasy lab seizures, 2002 - 2005
Source World Drug Report 2004
77
The ATS situation in Asia Supply Clandestine
ecstasy lab seizures, 2002 - 2005
Source World Drug Report 2004
78
The ATS situation in Asia Recap of supply
trends
  • ATS was involved in the majority of drug-related
    arrests in a significant number of countries
    including
  • More than 90 of drug-related cases in Brunei,
    Cambodia, and Lao
  • More than 80 of drug-related cases in Japan and
    more than 75 of cases in Thailand
  • Increased methamphetamine pill seizures
  • More than 15 million meth pills seized in
    Thailand in 2005
  • Pill seizures in Myanmar during 1st 2006 nearly
    exceeded total seizures in past 3 years

79
The ATS situation in Asia Recap of supply
trends
  • Supply of crystal methamphetamine has expanded in
    the region
  • Ice seized for the first time in Lao and Cambodia
  • Higher seizures of ice in Myanmar and Thailand
    compared to previous years
  • Increase in ATS precursor seizures in Myanmar
  • Eleven industrial scale methamphetamine
    production labs seized in the Philippines

80
The ATS situation in Asia Recap of demand
trends
  • Methamphetamine and ecstasy abuse continued to
    dominate the region.
  • 8 of the 13 countries reported an increasing
    trend in methamphetamine abuse
  • 6 of the 13 profiled countries ranked
    methamphetamine as the primary drug of concern
  • 7 of the 9 countries which ranked ecstasy as a
    drug of concern reported an increasing trend of
    abuse.

81
The ATS situation in Asia Recap of demand
trends
  • 8 countries reported injection of
    methamphetamines
  • Treatment for ATS made up a significant
    percentage of total admissions
  • Methamphetamine abuse comprised more than 70
    percent total admissions in Philippines
  • 90 percent of all admissions in the Lao, and
  • Nearly two-thirds of all admissions in Thailand

82
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