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Political Parties

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Rise of City 'Bosses' and Urban Political Machines. History of Political Parties. IV. ... Party Realignments ... Why do we have a 2 Party System? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political Parties


1
Political Parties
  • How have political parties have changed over the
    last 100 years?
  • What are Political Parties?
  • What is the primary goal of political parties?

2
How do our parties compare with those in other
democracies?
  • Level of Centralization
  • In the U.S., parties are more decentralized
  • Role of Primary Elections in Selecting
    Candidates
  • Role of Ideology
  • Broad-based 2 Party System versus multi-party
    system
  • Influence in the lives of citizens

3
History of Political Parties
  • I. 1st party system, 1800 1828
  • Federalists vs Anti-Federalists
    (Democratic-Republicans)
  • II. 2nd party system, 1828-1860
  • Whigs vs Democrats

4
History of Political Parties
  • III. 3rd system, 1860-1896
  • Republicans vs Democrats
  • Democratic Split into Northern and Southern
    wings
  • Rise of City Bosses and Urban Political
    Machines

5
History of Political Parties
  • IV. 1896-1932
  • Rise of Progressive Party
  • Progressive Party Aligns with Republicans
  • V. 1932 1968
  • Democrats versus Republicans, with Democrats
    dominating 
  • Role of the Great Depression

6
Party Realignments
  • A major shift from one party to another
  • Generally tend to happen around a single issue or
    a set of issue that divides the electorate
  • Tend to occur during times of major social or
    economic upheaval

7
Party Realignments
  • Characteristics of a realignment
  • one party must become the dominant party in the
    political system
  • To be dominant means to control the Presidency,
    Congress and many of the state legislatures.
  • Examples of a Realignment

8
Party Realignments
  • What has happened since 1968?
  • Split-Level Realignment?
  • Republican President
  • Democratic Congress
  • De-alignment?
  • Declining support for all parties

9
Why do we have a 2 Party System?
  • I. The use of single-member districts and the
    absence of proportional representation
  • II. Federal and State election laws
  • III. Parties try to accommodate factions before
    they split off.

10
Political Parties
  • Strong Parties versus Weak Parties
  • Characteristics of a Weak Party System
  • Candidate-Centered Campaigns
  • Split-Ticket Voting
  • Rise of the Independent Voter
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