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State of California: Governing in the Information Age

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Title: State of California: Governing in the Information Age


1
State of California Governing in the Information
Age
  • Invited as Keynote Speaker
  • Sacramento, CA
  • November 28, 2001

Larry Smarr Department of Computer Science and
Engineering Jacobs School of Engineering,
UCSD Director, California Institute for
Telecommunications and Information Technology
2
Challenges of Emergency PreparednessThat the
Future Internet Will Impact
  • How Do We Know
  • The Detailed Current State of the System NOW?
  • What the Future Evolution of the Situation is
    Likely to Be?
  • How Can We Achieve
  • An Overall Situational Awareness?
  • A Common Operational Picture?
  • How Do We Communicate With
  • Crisis Managers?
  • First Responders?
  • How Can We Decide
  • Which Problem to Attack First?
  • Which Assets Should Be Deployed Where and When?

Digital Government Will Be on the Front Lines!
3
Governor Davis Has Initiated Four New Institutes
for Science and Innovation
California Institute for Bioengineering,
Biotechnology, and Quantitative Biomedical
Research
Center for Information Technology Research in
the Interest of Society
UCD
UCM
UCB
UCSF
California NanoSystems Institute
UCSC
California Institute for Telecommunications and
Information Technology
www.ucop.edu/california-institutes
4
Cal-(IT)2An Integrated Approach to the Future
Internet
220 UCSD UCI Faculty Working in
Multidisciplinary Teams With Students, Industry,
and the Community
Partnered With Over 50 Companies
www.calit2.net
5
How Can the Future Internet Enhance
Capabilities for Emergency Preparedness?
  • Enabled by Expansion of Internet Infrastructure
  • Wireless Extends Coverage Everywhere
  • Optical Backbone Provides High Bandwidth
  • New Generation of Sensors and Receivers
  • Three Tier System
  • Wireless SensorNets Brings Data to Repositories
  • Collaborative Crisis Management Centers
  • Remote Wireless Devices Interrogate Databases
  • Building a Living-in-the-Future Laboratory
  • UCSD, UCI, and SDSU Campuses
  • San Diego, Orange County, Cross Border
  • Collaboration with City, County, and State Govts.

6
A Similar Layered Architecture is Needed for
Defense and Civilian Emergency Response
SPAWAR Systems Center San Diego
www.ndia-sd.org/docs/NDIA_20June00.pdf
7
We Are About to Transition to a Mobile Internet
Third Generation Cellular Systems Will Add
Mobility, QoS, and High Speeds
Source Ericsson
8
Cellular Internet is Already Here At
Experimental Sites
  • UCSD Has Been First Beta Test Site
  • Qualcomms 1xEV Cellular Internet
  • Optimized for Packet Data Services
  • Uses a 1.25 MHz channel
  • 2.4 Mbps Peak Forward Rate
  • Part of the CDMA2000 Tech Family
  • Can Be Used as Stand-Alone
  • Chipsets in Development Support
  • PacketVideos PVPlayer MPEG-4
  • gpsOne Global Positioning System
  • Bluetooth
  • MP3
  • MIDI
  • BREW

9
Cal-(IT)2 Is Working on Interoperability of
Wireless Internet LAN and WAN
Wireless LANs
10
The FCC Unlicensed Band Can be Used to Create a
High Speed Wireless Backbone
  • The High PerformanceWireless Research and
    Education Network
  • A Cal-(IT)2Academic Partner
  • Enabling a Broad Set of Science Applications
  • Enables Internet Deployment to Remote Locations

NSF Funded PI, Hans-Werner Braun, SDSC Co-PI,
Frank Vernon, SIO 45mbps Duplex Backbone
http//hpwren.ucsd.edu/topo.html
11
HPWREN Project Demo of Fast Setup Wireless
Internet for Crisis Response
A Cal-(IT)2Academic Partner
http//hpwren.ucsd.edu/Presentations/HPWREN/Slide2
6.JPG
12
Cal-(IT)2 Wireless Services Middleware Emerging
Pieces
Cal-(IT)2 Applications
Cal-(IT)2 Wireless Services Interface
From Cal-(IT)2 Mobile Software Summit at UCI J.
Pasquale, UCSD
13
Integrating Wireless, Sensor and Data-Management
Technologies
Source Graviton, a Cal-(IT)2 Partner
14
Cal-(IT)2 Plans Environmental SensorNets
  • Air and Water Pollution Sensor Development
  • Lead is Michael Sailor, UCSD Chemistry
  • Initially Temperature, Humidity, CO
  • Later Add CO2, Ozone, NOx
  • Partnering with Graviton
  • Wireless Internet Prototyping Sites
  • UCSD Campus
  • Santa Margarita Ecological Reserve
  • Rapid Prototyping Site
  • Linked to UCSD via HPWREN

15
The Wireless Internet Will Improve the Safety of
Californias 25,000 Bridges
New Bay Bridge Tower with Lateral Shear Links
Cal-(IT)2 Will Develop and Install Wireless
Sensor Arrays Linked to Crisis Management
Control Rooms
Source UCSD Structural Engineering Dept.
16
Real-Time Monitoring of BridgesThrough Wireless
Internet
Maria Feng UCI Civil Environmental Engineering
17
Fleets of Cars Will Become Wireless Sensor
Platforms
  • Cal-(IT)2 Autonet Concept
  • Car Becomes a Mobile Internet, Peer-to-Peer
    Platform
  • Enables Distributed Sensing, Computation, and
    Control
  • Goal is Autonomous Distributed Traffic Control
  • UC Irvines Institution of Transportation Studies
  • Creating a ZEVNET Living Laboratory
  • Initially 50 Toyota Zero Emission Electric Cars
  • Cal-(IT)2 Adds GPS Tracking, Wireless
  • Transforms UCIs Caltrans Advanced Transportation
    Management Systems Testbed into a Wireless
    SensorNet Testbed

Source Will Recker, UCI
18
Shrinking Flying Wireless Sensor Platforms From
Predator to Biomimetic Robots
19
UC Berkeley29 Palms SensorWeb Experiment
  • Goals
  • Deploy a Sensor Network Onto a Road From an
    Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
  • Detect and Track Vehicles Passing Through the
    Network
  • Transfer Vehicle Track Information From the
    Ground Network to the UAV
  • Transfer Vehicle Track Information From the UAV
    to an Observer at the Base Camp

Smart Dust UC Berkeley
20
Cal-(IT)2 Plans for Adding Wireless Sensorsto
Systems-on-Chip
Critical New Role of Power Aware Systems
Protocol Processors
Embedded Software
Memory
DSP
Processors
Ad Hoc Hierarchical Network of Brilliant Sensors
Source Sujit Dey, UCSD ECE Rajesh Gupta, UCI ICS
21
Millions of Video Cameras Are Attaching to the
Net
  • London Underground
  • Initially 25,000 Video Cameras
  • Expansion to 250,000 Possible
  • British Transport Police Switch to Any Camera in
    1 Sec.
  • Source Telindus
  • British CCTV System
  • Currently 2.5 Million CCTV Cameras Installed (NY
    Times)
  • Average London Citizen is Seen by 300 Cameras Per
    Day
  • Face Recognition Software Added in High Crime
    Areas
  • Up to 6 Million Surveillance Cameras Across the
    USA in 5-7 Years
  • Privacy International Prediction

22
Agents Will Intermediate Between Us and the Grid
UCI Campus Parking and Traffic Agent Sharad
Mehrotra, UCI
23
However, Broad Debate Is Needed to Avoid Citizen
Revolt Against Privacy Violations
24
Multi-Sensor Data Fusion Control Rooms are
Needed for Managing Crisis Response
  • Integrate
  • Situational Awareness
  • Common Operational Picture
  • Local Data Warehouse with Remote Data Access
  • AI Data Mining of Distributed Databases
  • Spatial Data Analysis
  • Consequences Assessment Tool Set

Source Panoram Technologies
25
Cal-(IT)2 Multi-Megapixel Displays for Seismic
and Geosciences Monitoring
Cal-(IT)2 / SIO / SDSC / SDSU
26
Building Metro Optical Laboratories to Evaluate
Emergency Preparedness Systems
  • High Resolution Visualization Facilities
  • Data Analysis
  • Crisis Management
  • Distributed Collaboration
  • Optically Linked
  • Integrate Access Grid
  • Data and Compute
  • PC Clusters
  • AI Data Mining
  • Driven by Data-Intensive Applications
  • Civil Infrastructure
  • Environmental Systems
  • Medical Facilities

UCSD
SDSC
SIO
Cox, Panoram, SAIC, SBC, SGI, IBM, TeraBurst
Networks UCSD Healthcare SD Telecom Council
27
Californias CENIC is Providing High Performance
Optical Backbone Networks
NSF TeraGrid
Cal-(IT)2 Metro Optical Testbed
CENIC Optical Network Infrastructure (ONI)
Initiative
28
From Telephone Conference Calls to Access Grid
International Video Meetings
Creating a Virtual Crisis Management Team Using
Broadband Optical Fiber
Access Grid Lead-Argonne NSF STARTAP Lead-UICs
Elec. Vis. Lab
29
Common Portal ArchitectureCustomized for Crisis
Management
Web Browser - Portal Interface
User Preferences
State Values
Portal Engine
  • Analysis Tools
  • - Pattern Recognition
  • - GIS Queries
  • Data Mining
  • Multi-Sensor Fusion
  • Applications
  • - Epidemiology
  • - Transportation Systems
  • - ...

Data Gather
HTML
XML
Legacy and Problem Specific Databases,
Collections, Literature
Built on Prior SDSC and NCSA Work
30
Mediation of Information Using XMLAllows
Federation of Heterogeneous Databases
Source Gupta, Marciano, Zaslavsky, Baru (SDSC)
31
Data Mining Across Agency Stovepipes Is an
Essential Next Step
Cal-(IT)2 is Partnering With SAIC On Emergency
Preparedness
32
The Salt Lake City Olympics SAIC Solution
33
GIS Based Crisis Management Software
Tools--SAICs Consequences Assessment Tool Set
(CATS)
  • Prediction of Disaster Evolution
  • Hurricane, Earthquake, Terror
  • Casualty Distribution Probabilities
  • Response Management

Source SAIC
34
CATS California Governmental Users
  • Burbank Fire Department
  • Chino Valey Independent Fire District
  • City of Anaheim
  • City of Bakersfield Fire Department
  • Colton Police Department
  • Fremont Fire Department
  • Kern County Fire Dept
  • Idyllwild Fire Protection District
  • Kings County Fire Department
  • Livermore-Pleasanton Fire Department
  • Marin County Fire Department
  • Metro Water District of Southern CA
  • Red Bluff Police Department
  • Sacramento Reg. Fire/EMS Comm Center
  • San Bernardino County Sheriffs Depart.
  • San Bernardino Valley Municipal Water District
  • San Diego County of Environmental Health
  • San Diego County Health and Human Services
  • San Diego County Office of Disaster Preparedness
  • San Diego Fire and Life Safety Services
  • San Diego Police Department
  • Shasta County Sherrif
  • Yuba City Fire Department

35
Integrate Remote Reconnaissance with Satellite
Imagery and Ground SensorNets

HOTLINKs for Damage Locations
using GPS and Digital Photos on GIS
Maria Feng UCI Civil Environmental Engineering
36
HPWREN Can Provide High Speed Wireless Internet
to Remote First Responders
California Department of Forestry and Fire
Prevention
http//hpwren.ucsd.edu/Presentations/HPWREN/Slide2
4.JPG
37
Handheld Devices Can Have Supercomputers Huge
Databases Inside Them
802.11b Wireless
  • Interactive Access to
  • State of Computer
  • Job Status
  • Application Codes

38
Using Students to Invent the Futureof Widespread
Use of Wireless PDAs
  • Makes Campus Transparent
  • See Into Departments, Labs, and Libraries
  • Year- Long Living Laboratory Experiment 2001-02
  • 500 Wireless-Enabled HP Pocket PC PDAs
  • Incoming Freshmen in Computer Science and
    Engineering
  • Software Developed
  • ActiveClass Student-Teacher Interactions
  • ActiveCampus Geolocation and Resource Discovery
  • Extensible Software Infrastructure for Others to
    Build On
  • Deploy to New UCSD Undergrad College Fall 2002
  • Sixth College Will be Born Wireless
  • Theme Art, Culture, and Technology
  • Study Adoption and Discover New Services

Cal-(IT)2 Team Bill Griswold, Gabrielle
Wienhausen
39
ActiveCampus ExplorerPDA Roamer / FindMe
Interface
Source Bill Griswold, UCSD CSE
40
The 3rd Generation Cellular InfrastructureWill
Enable Broadband Personal Devices
3G Is Estimated to Grow From 1.3 of the
Wireless Market in 2002 to 23 in 2007
Source Ericsson
41
Cross Linking Fixed and Mobile Video
Cameras--Making Collaboration Mobile
Researching the Use of Internet Robots in
Disaster Assistance
Computer Vision and Robotics Research Lab Mohan
Trivedi, UCSD
42
Heads Up Displays for First Responders-Augmented
Reality Overlaying the Physical and Cyber
Realities
Source Virginia Tech/Univ. Illinois, MIT, Univ
Washington, UCSD
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