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Causes of Injuries

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in creating a safe work environment. Training Objectives ... OSHA on negative consequences ... From OR-OSHA on-line course 100: Safety & Health Management ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Causes of Injuries


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Safety and Workers Compensation Basics of
Supervisor Accountability 11/17/04
3
The role of accountability in creating a safe
work environment
4
Training Objectives
  • What causes injuries
  • What are some opportunities to communicate safety
    expectations
  • How to communicate safety expectations
  • How to apply consequences to undesired behaviors

5
Causes of Injuries
  • Acts of God
  • Unsafe conditions, equipment, environment, code
    violations
  • System failures

6
System Failures
  • Policies procedures
  • Lack of supervisory follow-up
  • Lack of intervention
  • Management attitude
  • Lack/inferior training
  • Common sense safety
  • Employee errors
  • Unsafe activity
  • Inattention
  • Physical capacity
  • Risk taking behavior

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Why is an understanding of causation important?
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Understanding what causes injuries gives you the
opportunity to focus on practices with the best
return.

10
3 important practices
  • Analysis of incidents
  • Clearly communicating expectations to employees
  • Holding employees accountable

11
If you Regularly Recognize Reward, youll
Rarely have to Reprimand From OR-OSHA
on-line course 100 Safety Health Management
12
Employee incident description
There were two dogs that were fenced in another
room adjacent to the kitchen where we were
talking to the kids and foster parents. One dog
was licking my hand so I asked the kids if the
other dog was ok to pet. They said yes. I put
my hand down so the dog can smell it and it bit
my hand.
Supervisors report   This was accidental and
could not be avoided
13
Citizen Complaint
A citizen reported seeing the above state vehicle
at 1235 p.m. on the above date traveling
Westbound on _____________. The citizen reported
the state vehicle approached the citizen at a
high rate of speed. The citizen reported
traveling 65 mph and the state vehicle just flew
past the citizen. The citizen feels it is not
fuel efficient for a state vehicle to cruise at
80 mph. The state vehicle was described as a
late model Chevrolet Impala sedan tan or sand in
color. The state driver was described as female.
The state passenger was described as male.
Supervisors report of investigation   I shared
the report with _____. She believes she was
going no faster than 71 mph and had set the
cruise control. She and her passenger had
discussed this during the drive. He does this
when in a state vehicle and only in remote rural
areas. While this is conservative, she will
reconsider this approach.
14
OSHA on negative consequences
  • Negative consequences are justified when an
    employee fails to meet standards . . .
  • From OR-OSHA on-line course 100 Safety Health
    Management

15
…only when the safety management system has not
failed the employee
  • Have I demonstrated adequate leadership by
    complying with all safety policies and rules?
  • Have I provided the employee with a safe and
    healthy workplace?
  • Have I provided the employee with quality safety
    education and training?
  • Have I provided adequate safety oversight?
  • Have I administered discipline or corrective
    actions fairly and consistently in the past?

16
Do consequences correspond with the severity of
the infraction?
  • Consequences should increase with the severity of
    the potential injury or illness that might result
    from the behavior.
  • Consequences should increase with the level of
    responsibility of the person performing the
    behavior.
  • From OR-OSHA on-line course 100 Safety
    Health Management

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Workers Compensation Cost Containment
  • Supervisor Accountability

21
Supervisor is the frontline
  • Incident vs. Accident
  • What is the difference?
  • Why should I care?
  • A Guide to the Uses of the Workers Compensation
    Claim 801 Form

22
CHANCE OF INJURED WORKERS RETURN TO JOB
90
70
50
30
10
2
4
6
8
10
12
MONTHS AWAY FROM WORK
23
Supervisor Roles Responsibilities Return to Work
  • Conducts incident analysis as quickly as possible
  • Corrects any hazard
  • Completes all agency work rules and practices
  • Maintains contact needed paperwork
  • Informs IW of with IW, SAIF, Safety Advisor, HR,
    and Dr.
  • Finds temporary transitional modified job tasks
    for the IW
  • Monitors recovery and need for temporary
    transitional modified job tasks

24
Temporary Transitional Modified Job Tasks
  • Short-term work assignments while the IW is
    transitioning through the healing process
  • 3 days
  • 14 days
  • 30 days
  • 60 days
  • 90 day (recommended ending of program)
  • Transitional based on
  • Type of injury
  • Physical abilities and limitations of the worker
  • Skills
  • Pre-injury job/responsibilities

25
Temporary Transitional Modified Job Tasks
  • Job Task Development
  • Think of job tasks that need to be accomplished
    and not a job.
  • Review information provided by treating physician
    regarding IWs limitations and build around
    physical limitations and abilities of IW.
  • Make the work meaningful to the Agency.

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