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Chapter 6: THE PHOENICIANS

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PHOENICIAN means purple merchants. Came from Northern Canaan ... Phoenician Alphabet. Use of Pictures Hieroglyphics Canaan Writing Alphabet ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 6: THE PHOENICIANS


1
Chapter 6 THE PHOENICIANS THE
HEBREWS
  • 1200 B.C. 510 B.C.

2
Section 1 Phoenicians
  • Came from small land that connected Mesopotamia
    Egypt
  • Known as CANAANITES
  • PHOENICIAN means purple merchants
  • Came from Northern Canaan
  • Most information we know comes from the Bible

3
Growth of Trade
Effects
Causes
  • Control of Med. Trade
  • Traveling workshops
  • Plotted courses by sun stars
  • Exploration of new land
  • Spread of culture
  • Use of treaties to keep peace

Rise of Phoenician Trade
  1. Location along sea
  2. Scarcity of land to grow food
  3. Cedar forests to build ships

4
Carthage 814 B.C.
  • Colonies (permanent settlements) turned into
    trading cities along Northern Africa
  • Most famous CARTHAGE
  • Dido from Tyre said to have built city

5
CITIES OF PHOENICIA
  • Each city was its own city-state because of
    isolation from mountains
  • Money from trade caused jealousy
  • Largest cities Tyre, Byblos, Beirut, Sidon

6
  • Led by Kings and Councils
  • Skilled as carpenters, cabinetmakers, and metal
    workers
  • PORT center of activity
  • Important cloth-dying centers

7
GODS GODDESSES
  • Believed in many nature gods
  • Built temples
  • HOLY OF HOLIES sacred chamber where image or
    stone was kept
  • Believed in life after death
  • Buried their dead in clay URNS
  • Embalmed wrapped the body

8
Phoenician Alphabet
  • Use of Pictures Hieroglyphics Canaan
    Writing Alphabet
  • 22 symbols or letters but no vowels
  • Reader would know what vowel sound to put in
  • Used to keep records of trading
  • Brought it to Europe where Greeks Romans
    changed it.
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