ICAO Runway Safety ICAOASPA Regional Seminar on Safety Management Systems SMS Mexico 1416 March 2006 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ICAO Runway Safety ICAOASPA Regional Seminar on Safety Management Systems SMS Mexico 1416 March 2006

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Title: ICAO Runway Safety ICAOASPA Regional Seminar on Safety Management Systems SMS Mexico 1416 March 2006


1
ICAO Runway Safety ICAO/ASPA Regional Seminar
on Safety Management Systems (SMS) Mexico 14-16
March 2006
  • Gustavo De León
  • Technical Officer, ATM
  • ICAO-Montreal

2
Introduction
  • Runway safety work by ICAO
  • New Runway Incursion Prevention Manual
  • ICAO Runway Safety Toolkit
  • Conclusions

3
ICAO safety-related work Runway safety work
  • June 2001
  • New ANC Task developed on runway incursions
  • ANC formed ad hoc working group and identified
    study areas as
  • ATC procedures
  • Aerodrome charts
  • Radiotelephony phraseology
  • Situational awareness
  • Language proficiency
  • Aerodrome lighting and markings
  • Performance requirements for equipment
  • Operational aspects
  • Human factors

4
Transport Canada study Basis for the increase in
runway incursions
  • Traffic volume
  • Capacity-enhancing procedures
  • Airport layouts
  • Complexity
  • Human performance

5
Transport Canada study
  • The potential for a runway incursion increases
    more rapidly than traffic volume. For example, a
    20 increase in volume represents a 140 increase
    in runway incursion potential
  • In keeping with the laws of probability, and in
    the absence of significantly improved safeguards,
    an increase in the potential for runway
    incursions can be expected to be associated with
    an increase in actual runway incursion events

6
Transport Canada study Capacity-enhancing
procedures
  • Two conclusions
  • As traffic volume increases, runway incursion
    potential increases more rapidly when capacity-
    enhancing procedures are in effect than when they
    are not
  • If traffic remains the same, the potential for
    runway incursions increases when capacity-
    enhancing procedures are put into operation

7
ICAOs role in improving runway safety Education
and awareness campaign
  • Review and update provisions
  • Education and awareness
  • Seminars/Workshops
  • Runway Incursion Prevention Manual
  • Runway Safety Toolkit
  • Establishment of a data base for runway
    incursions
  • Develop of an standard training package (STP)
    TRAINAIR for global use

8
ICAO provisions and documents
  • Advanced-Surface Movement Guidance and Control
    Systems (A-SMGCS) manual (Doc. 9830 published in
    2004)
  • Simultaneous Operations on Parallel or
    Near-Parallel Instrument Runways (SOIR) (Doc 9643
    published in 2004)
  • Manual on Safety Management (Doc 9854 advanced in
    ICAONET )
  • New Runway Incursion Prevention Manual (to be
    advanced in ICAONET)

9
Definition of Runway Incursion Common taxonomies
  • Definition of Runway incursion
  • Any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the
    incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle or
    person on the protected area of a surface
    designated for the landing and take-off of
    aircraft.
  • Common categorization taxonomy needed

10
ATM Provisions ATC procedures
  • Annex 2 Rules of the Air
  • Aircraft shall stop and hold at all runway
    holding positions
  • Aircraft shall not taxi onto maneuvering area
    without clearance
  • Annex 11 Air Traffic Services
  • Movement of persons and vehicles must be
    controlled by the control tower

11
ATM Provisions Radiotelephony phraseology
  • Amendment to Annex 11 (Applicable since Nov.
    2003)
  • ATS safety management
  • Read-back of clearances
  • Use of surface movement radar
  • ADS-B
  • PANS-ATM (Applicable since Nov. 2001)
  • the requirement for an explicit clearance to
    "cross" or an instruction to "hold short" of a
    runway to be included when a taxi clearance
    contains a taxi limit beyond that runway

12
New PANS-ATM provisions
  • Changed Holding Position to Holding Point in
    radiotelephony phraseology
  • Clarified when pilot is to report clear of a
    runway
  • Harmonized reduced runway separation provisions
  • Introduced a new Recommended Practice on
    implementation of Surface Movement Radar
  • Clarified when and how to use conditional
    clearances
  • Need to report runway incursions

13
Aerodrome Provisions Aerodrome lighting and
markings standardization
  • Annex 14 Aerodromes
  • Enlarged version of runway holding position
    markings
  • Upgraded specifications on stop bars and runway
    guard lights
  • Use of retro-reflective materials for markings
  • Former Visual Aids Panel (VAP)
  • Development of specifications for on visual aids
    for A-SMGCS

14
Amendment 7 to Annex 14
  • A fence or other suitable barrier shall be
    provided on an aerodrome to prevent the entrance
    to the movement area or animals large enough to
    be a hazard to aircraft
  • A fence or other suitable barrier shall be
    provided on an aerodrome to prevent the
    inadvertent or pre-meditated access of an
    unauthorized person onto a non-public area of the
    aerodrome

15
Aircraft Operations Provisions Situational
awareness and human performance
  • Procedures for Aircraft Operations (PANS- OPS)
  • New part Aerodrome Surface operations aimed at
    addressing vulnerabilities in human performance
    and maintenance of situational awareness during
    surface operations
  • Provisions require that operators ensure flight
    personnel are aware of risk factors in the
    aerodrome surface operations

16
Runway Safety and ATS Safety Management Seminars
  • Mexico City, 22 to 25 October 2002
  • Singapore, 1 to 5 December 2003
  • Cairo, 15 to 19 December 2003
  • Nairobi, 5 to 9 July 2004
  • Santiago de Chile, 18 to 22 October 2004
  • Moscow, 12 to 15 September 2005
  • Runway Safety Conference

17
ICAO Runway Incursion Prevention Manual
  • Chapter 1 Introduction
  • Chapter 2 Causal and contributory factors
  • Chapter 3 How to establish a runway incursion
    prevention programme
  • Chapter 4 Recommendations for the prevention of
    runway incursions
  • Chapter 5 Incident reporting and data collection
  • Chapter 6 Analysis of the severity of runway
    incursions

18
Appendices
  • Communications best practices
  • Flight crew best practices
  • Air traffic controller best practices
  • Airside vehicle driver best practices
  • Aerodrome resource management training course
  • Runway incursion initial notification form
  • Runway incursion causal factors identifying form
  • Runway incursion severity classification (RISC)
    calculator
  • Aerodrome runway incursions assessment (ARIA)
  • ICAO Runway Safety Toolkit
  • Eurocontrol Runway Safety Toolkit

19
Runway Safety- Toolkit Education and Awareness
  • Collation of best available operational and
    technological material
  • Presentation in audio, graphic, textual format
  • Thematic narrative and various subsets
  • Interactive CD-ROM
  • Assist States in establishing runway safety
    programmes
  • Distribution as a toolkit in compelling form

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Conclusions
  • ICAO work improving runway safety
  • ICAO provisions and documents
  • Definition of Runway incursion
  • Education and awareness worldwide campaign of
    seminars on runway safety
  • New Runway Incursion Prevention Manual
  • ICAO Runway Safety Toolkit

49
THE END Thanks-Muchas Gracias
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