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Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic Approaches

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Nikki Gruendemann, Amanda Finley. Introduction. Psychoanalytical approach originated with Sigmund ... This technique asks the client to talk freely about ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic Approaches


1
Psychoanalytical and Psychodynamic Approaches
  • Zach Hansen, Jerome Song,
  • Nikki Gruendemann, Amanda Finley

2
Introduction
  • Psychoanalytical approach originated with Sigmund
    Freud in the early 1900s.
  • The main component is the unconscious.
  • Personalities develop through
  • a series of life stages.

3
Three Phases of the Therapeutic Process
  • 1. The Initial Stage
  • 2. The Middle Stage Working Through
  • 3. The Final Stage Termination

4
Techniques
  • Free Association
  • Interpretation
  • Dream Interpretation
  • Corrective Emotional Experiences

5
Free Association
  • This technique asks the client to talk freely
    about any thoughts and feelings. The analyst
    looks for interpretations and sometimes shares
    these with the client.

6
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7
Interpretation
  • The analyst organizes the information into a
    coherent message based on many sources of
    material from the client.

8
Slips of the Tongue
  • Professor R., I wouldve been here for the test,
    except my grandma lied.
  • Freudian Slips
  • President Bush
  • Rep. Nanci Pelosi

9
Dream Interpretation
  • Freud believed that dreams have two main
    contents.
  • Manifest Content Surface action and emotion of
    the dream
  • Latent Content The symbolic meaning

10
Dreams
  • The royal road to a knowledge of the unconscious
    activities of the mind.
  • -Sigmund Freud (1900)
  • Activity The use of standard symbols.

11
Corrective Emotional Experiences
  • Close relationship
  • Sustain clients frustration and outbursts
  • Reparenting
  • Therapist displays characteristics of a perfect
    parent.

12
RISKS!
  • Sexism
  • Eurocentric
  • Heterosexual Bias
  • Misinterpretation
  • Lack of Proven Effectiveness
  • Time Consuming
  • Negativity

13
Benefits!
  • Brings Unconscious to Conscious
  • Foundational Theory
  • Valid Concepts
  • Broad Application

14
Necessary Training
  • Most hold medical degrees
  • Special courses
  • Personal analysis
  • Psychoanalytic Institute
  • Todd Bohart (1999).

15
Conclusion
  • Freud was a pioneer of psychology.
  • Influential theory
  • Fundamental base of many modern techniques
  • Four main techniques
  • Free Association
  • Interpretation
  • Dream Interpretation
  • Corrective Emotional Experiences
  • Any Questions?

16
References
  • Day, S.X. (2008). Psychoanalytical and
    psychodynamic approaches. Boston Lahaska Press.
  • Grinstein, A. (1983). Freuds rules of dream
    interpretation. Connecticut International Univer
    sities Press, Inc.
  • Todd, J. Bohart, A. C. (1999). Foundations of
    clinical and counseling psychology. Illinois
    Waveland Press, Inc.
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