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In The Name Of Allah, Most Beneficent, the Merciful

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2- El Medina was at the brink of a pit of fire, I.e. they were about to have a ... Volcanic activities near El Medina. 1- 21 Higra = 644 AD At Rahat preceded by ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: In The Name Of Allah, Most Beneficent, the Merciful


1
  • In The Name Of Allah, Most Beneficent, the
    Merciful

2
  • You were at the brink of a pit of fire, and He
    saved you therefrom

3
You shall hold fast to the rope of GOD, all of
you, and do not be divided. Recall GOD's
blessings upon you - you used to be enemies and
He reconciled your hearts. By His grace, you
became brethren. You were at the brink of a pit
of fire, and He saved you therefrom. GOD thus
explains His revelations for you, that you may be
guided.
103 Al Imran
4
This Aiat (verse) is directed to the two tribes
of El Medina Al Munawara namely Al Aws and El
Khazrag. God has given them two blessings 1-
They were enemies but Allah made them beloved. 2-
El Medina was at the brink of a pit of fire,
I.e. they were about to have a volcanic eruption
but Allah saved them from it.
5
The mechanism of Harrat( series of small
volcanoes formation- A magma hole of fire that
gets opened and closed as the movement of crust(
plate tectonics) brings the pit in conjunction
with a crack in the crust.
Ref solar system 161
6
The existence of some shield volcanoes in El
Harrat implies that plate tectonic might have
stopped for a while during geological history
7
Al Harrat in the vecinity of Medina El Monwara

8
The Harrat of El Hegaz
  • The two harrats
  • around El Medina
  • Khayber at North
  • Rahat to the south

9
(No Transcript)
10
Volcanic activities near El Medina
1- 21 Higra 644 AD At Rahat preceded
by
earthquake 2- 460 Higra
At Khyber 3- 654 Higra 1256 AD
At first at Rahat then at
Khayber preceded by

earthquakes 4- recently
At Khayber 300 mild
earthquakes at Khayber
11
The Prophet Mohamed peace be upon him said The
Hour will not come unless Fire comes out from the
land El Higaz and will be seen on the necks of
camels at Busra ( in Syria)
12
  • Harrat" is a plural form of a term given to the
    lava fields of the Arabian Penninsula. Harrat
    Ash-Shamah is located in NW Saudi Arabia and
    extends into Jordan and Syria. These fields are
    made of fluid basaltic lavas and have cinder
    cones, tuff rings, composite volcanoes and small
    shield volcanoes scattered across them. The
    basalts contain plagioclase, olivine and pyroxene
    minerals.
  • The volcanic activity which created the lava
    fields happened in five separate episodes. During
    the quiet periods between eruptions, winds blew
    sands onto the lavas, so that there is an
    inter-layering of sediments and lavas. The
    volcanic activity began 10-14 million years ago,
    and the most recent eruptions were only a few
    hundred years ago. Eruptions will probably resume
    in the future. The volcanic activity took place
    from long fissures, and the area has grabens,
    fault scarps and fractures.

Graben An elongate crustal block that is
relatively depressed (downdropped) between two
fault systems
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