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Toward a sustainable aquaculture development in Mediterranean: challenges and responsesby the Genera

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Title: Toward a sustainable aquaculture development in Mediterranean: challenges and responsesby the Genera


1
Toward a sustainable aquaculture development in
Mediterranean challenges and responses by the
General Fisheries Commission for the
Mediterranean - Committee on Aquaculture
(GFCM/CAQ).
  • F.RENE CAC/CGPM 1er vice president

2
(No Transcript)
3
World aquaculture challenges to serve the human
society
  • Humanity food supply
  • Aquaculture assumes increasingly important role
  • From the vanishing over-exploited fisheries,
    the last neolithic exploitation of wild space, to
    the sustainable aquaculture development

4
Evolution catch for of 3 fish speciesHake,Whitin
g and Cod
5
The Seafood Deficit
6
1b. AQUACULTURE Méditerranean key data
Annual growth rate 1990 -2000 7,1
( 25,7 for fishes)
Riparian population 133 Millions
(1985) 200 Millions (prévisions
2025) Tourisme 1 World océans 30 World
tourist (Ière région) 180 Millions (1985)
340 Millions ( prévisions 2025)
7
1c. Sea bass and Sea bream production from 1984
to 2002
1988
1992
1996
2002
1984
FAO 2003
8
FAO Projections
  • Projected world supply and demand for food
  • and feed fish at constant relative prices

9
 Mare nostrum an share space between EU and
southern riparian contries
  • GFCM/CAQ A commun plateform to agree on
    nescessairly commun standarts and rules in
    aquaculture developement in a  de facto  unique
    market
  • Since 2007 the mediterranean aquaculture
    production (1 .1 million tons) have overpass
    mediterranean fisheries landings ( 1 million
    tons)!

10
The context a zone of conflict between space
users
  • An apparent free space
  • Under a more and more acute human pressure
  • Conflicting social and legal legitimities
  • -Fisheries
  • -Aquaculture
  • -Touristic activites
  • -Environementalist pressure
  • -Individualism evolution NIMBY phenomena

11
The Market segmentation aquaculture products
image facing wild capture
P. Paquotte - OFIMER
From P. Paquotte
12
Facing our responsabilities
  • Competing image between wild and cultivated
    products
  • Between a mythic, healthy, free of charge
    production of the holy garden The wild open sea
    product,
  • And the fruits of man labour fired out of the
    paradise The aquaculture products

13
For aquaculture sustainable development 5 major
bottlenecks
  • World shortage of fish oil in short term and fish
    meal in medium term,
  • Access to fresh space and water
  • Sanitary safety and zoonose psychosis,
  • Rise of energy cost,
  • Depreciated image of aquaculture products
    compared to products from the wild

14
Facing our responsabilities
  • Three phasis of the aquaculture development
  • Initially Mastery of life cycle control
  • the biologist is the key person
  • The second phase rationalisation and production
    development, the manager/producer is the key
    person
  • The actual phase access to site and market,
  • the Society Acceptation is the keyfactor.

15
Sustainable aquaculture development
RESPONSiBiLiLITY
Biosphere
Human Sphere
economics
Aqua culture
16
Sustainable feed nutrition . Research on MARINE
MICRO ALGUAL-CULTURE A NEW OPPORTUNITY FOR
FISH NUTRITION
17
Numbers of potential canditates
18
In 1992 CAC/GFCM created 4 Networks on
  • Socio-Economic and Legal Aspects of Aquaculture
    in the Mediterranean (SELAM)
  • Technical Aspects for Promotion of Aquaculture in
    the Mediterranean (TECAM)
  • Environment and Aquaculture in the Mediterranean
    (EAM)
  • Information system for the promotion of
    aquaculture in the Mediterranean (SIPAM)
  • Since 2000,execpt the SIPAM network only few
    activities were undertaken.

19
CAC/GFCM 2006 evolution
  • The evolution of aquaculture lead CAC/GFCM to
    move toward more operational actions.
  • From permanents networks tools dealing with
    specific aquaculture  discipline ,
  • to ad-hoc non permanent expert group meeting set
    up at the request and focusing on specific and
    up to date urgent problematic issue
  • From the most urgent issues to analysis
    conducting to specific actions and tools!

20
Coordinating Meeting of the Working Groups (CMWG)
  • During the last GFCM Committee on Aquaculture
    (CAQ) session held in Santiago de Compostela
    (Spain) last June,
  • the Committee established the Coordinating
    Meeting of the Working Groups (CMWG) as a
    subsidiary body,

21
CMWG Mandate
  • Propose and/or up-date elements of the work plan
    for the activities of CAQ.
  • Promote the participation of suitable expertise
    in the activities of ad hoc Working Groups.
  • Identify data and information needs that can be
    handled by SIPAM.
  • Appraise the reports of the ad hoc Working
    Groups.
  • Function as editing committee for the selection
    of scientific and technical documents (to be
    published in the GFCM Studies and Reviews
    series).
  • Conduct any other task specifically requested by
    the Commission or CAQ or approved by consensus by
    the members of CMSC.

22
Three ad hoc working groups
  • Working Modalities Ad Hoc working groups
    composed by experts appointed by a steering
    committee (nominated by the CAQ). One kick off
    meeting, then communication and interaction
    through the web,
  • Instead of EAM, TECAM, SELAM, the CAC/GFCM is now
    establishing
  • Three ad hoc working groups, to address the most
    urgent issues in the short term.

23
Ad Hoc Working Group on Siting and Carrying
Capacity
  • The main issues to be considered by this Working
    Group include
  • Integration of aquaculture with other coastal
    management issues.
  • Carrying capacity assessment.
  • Interaction with current national legal
  • frameworks.
  • Propose harmonized regional guidelines for
    aquaculture site allocation and management.

24
Ad Hoc Working Group on Sustainability
  • The main issues to be considered by this
    Working Group include
  • Ecosystem (holistic) approach.
  • Definition and usage of appropriate indicators
    and monitoring measures.
  • Interaction between aquaculture and the
    environment and other activities (e.g. fisheries,
    industry, tourism, transport, nature protection).
  • Aquatic animal health and welfare through best
    available practices.
  • Bio-security concepts.

25
Ad Hoc Working Group on Marketing
  • The main issues to be considered by this Working
    Group include
  • Fish transportation, commercialization and
    relation between producers - distributors.
  • Image of aquaculture as sector and the image of
    aquaculture products as such.
  • Market synergies with wild capture fish.

26
Synergy with existing projects
  • Active participation in the ad hoc working groups
    and formal meetings of the GFCM and CAQ
    (IUCN/FEAP and EVAD project)
  • No duplication of efforts!!!!
  • Findings of the joint IUCN-FEAP project on
    guidelines and the EU funded (Consensus)
  • EVAD project will contribute to the outputs
    expected from the ad hoc working groups.

27
Marine aquaculture proposed sustainability
criteras
28
Exploitations diagnosis (1/4)Larges entreprises
  • Optimisation of pratices and good
    transmissibility
  • Poor economic viability,links with market
    dependency.

29
Exploitations diagnosis (2/4)Small entreprises
  • Non optimised practices.
  • Usages conflicts links to the exploitation
    nescessary extention.
  • Poor economic viability link with market
    evolution.

30
Exploitations diagnosis (3/4)Small entreprises
targeting a niche market
  • An economic viability links with a specific
    product well recognise by specific clients.
  • Differents objectives between different farmers.

31
Exploitations diagnosis (3/4)Small entreprises
targeting a niche label
  • Optimum in sustainability?
  • The bio label
  • A label well adapted to small production
    produced in protected aeras.
  • An exemple the 1.6 produceur.
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