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Erie Canal

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Internal Improvements such as roads and canals were built ... That place became known as LOCKPORT, New York. Lockport, New York. Where should the canal end? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Erie Canal


1
Erie Canal
  • Clintons Ditch

2
  • In the early 1800s, there was a dramatic move in
    the US to unite the nation for economic reasons.
  • Internal Improvements such as roads and canals
    were built that linked the east coast with the
    western territories.
  • For decades, the people of New York had suggested
    building a canal from the Mohawk River to the
    Great Lakes.
  • In 1817, digging of the canal began at Rome, New
    York. Governor DeWitt Clinton led celebrations.

3
  • The canal was designed to travel alongside
    existing waterways. Dug by hand, the original
    canal was 40 feet wide and 4 feet deep. Soil
    from the canal was used to build a towpath next
    to the canal for mules and horsed to pull PACKET
    BOATS as there was no current in the original
    canal.

4
  • Digging the canal required the labor of thousands
    of men and animals often digging in swamps and
    forests.
  • Many of the laborers were Irish immigrants who
    moved along the length of the canal as they
    worked.
  • The canal sides were fitted with stone blocks
    requiring the work of skilled masons. The bed of
    the canal was packed with clay.
  • At the intersections of large rivers, the canal
    was often placed in an aqueduct.

5
Canal Route
6
  • The western end of the canal was 250 feet higher
    than its eastern origin.
  • In order to make up for the difference (and to
    make the canal flat and not one massive slide
    down hill!!!) at dozens of places along the route
    LOCKS were built to raise or lower ships.

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  • A series of 5 locks were needed to raise the
    canal when the canal reached the Niagara
    Escarpment. That place became known as LOCKPORT,
    New York

9
Lockport, New York
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Where should the canal end??
  • The question was should the canal end at the
    Village of Black Rock on the Niagara River? Or
    should it continue several miles south and end at
    the Village of Buffalo at the end of Lake Erie?
  • Both villages wanted the TERMINUS of the canal to
    be with them. The business required at the
    terminus would make one of them rich and
    prosperous.
  • The decision was made in Albany to end the canal
    at Buffalo after the village spent a lot of
    money deepening Buffalo Creek.

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Grand Celebration
  • The building of the canal ended at Buffalo on
    October 26, 1825.
  • New York Governor DeWitt Clinton rode the packet
    boat Seneca Chief to New York City where he
    poured a cask of Lake Erie waters into New York
    Harbor Wedding of the Waters
  • When Clinton left Buffalo, cannons fired along
    the route of the canal to New York City
    reaching the city in 90 minutes.

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  • The canal brought trade and people to Buffalo
    as well as all of the villages along the path of
    the canal.
  • Throughout the years, the canal was deepened and
    widened. Today the NEW YORK STATE BARGE CANAL
    actually ends at Tonawanda.

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