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Environmental and Social Safeguards

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Small Dams Good engineering design and stable embankments (Raj. DPIP Tonk District) ... have tried out monitoring by civil society groups and it is working ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental and Social Safeguards


1
Environmental and Social Safeguards
  • Experiences and Lessons from India
  • Panneer Selvam, ESDCQ
  • April 13, 2005

2
Outline
  • Value of environment management in CDD projects
  • Examples of environmental risks and mitigation in
    CDD subprojects
  • Environment management frameworks (EMF) applied
    in India
  • FAQs
  • Lessons from field implementation
  • Challenges ahead

3
Value of Environmental Management in Rural CDD
Projects
  • Rural CDD programs result in a range of
    environmental risks.
  • Help to mitigate adverse environmental risks and
    impacts.
  • Help to ensure sustainability of community
    investments
  • Provide guidance and build awareness of
    communities on risk management

4
10 Safeguard Policies
  • Environmental Assessment
  • Natural Habitats
  • Forests
  • Pest Management
  • Cultural Property
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • Plus Disclosure Policy
  • Most commonly triggered Almost
  • all the safeguard policies identify
  • issues that may be of significance to
  • a CDD program, and the EMF should
  • be designed to mitigate them.
  • Involuntary Resettlement
  • Safety of Dams
  • Projects involving International Waters
  • Projects in Disputed Areas

5
Environmental Risks and Mitigation
  • NRM subprojects

6
Brick-making Sustainable sources of fuel and
soil erosion(MP DPIP Damoh District)
7
Brick-making Sustainable sources of fuel and
soil erosion(MP DPIP Damoh District)
  • .

8
Protected Areas - legal authorisation or use of
negative list (AP DPIP Chittoor District)
9
Small dams good engineering designs and stable
embankments (Raj. DPIP)
10
Small Dams Good engineering design and stable
embankments (Raj. DPIP Tonk District)
11
Small Dams Downstream effects and water rights
(MP DPIP Guna District)
12
Water Supply - Drinking Water Quality (MP DPIP
Damoh District)
13
Water Supply Costing considerations to avoid
adverse environmental impacts(Raj. DPIP Tonk
District)
14
Water Supply Costing considerations to avoid
adverse environmental impacts(Raj. DPIP Tonk
District)
15
Environmental Risks and Mitigation
  • Agriculture and livestock subprojects

16
IPM - Technical assistance on IPM and use of
negative list (MP DPIP Tikamgarh District)
17
Organic Farming scaling up pilot successes (MP
DPIP)
18
Livestock management- shed, fodder (stall
feeding) and potable water
19
Environmental Risks and Mitigation
  • Cumulative impacts of subprojects

20
Cumulative Impacts Groundwater Use (MP DPIP
Tikamgarh District)
21
Cumulative Impacts Grazing (MP DPIP Damoh
District)
22
Environmentally proactive subprojects
  • Some examples

23
NADEP (Organic Manure) MP DPIP
24
Environmentally proactive subprojects (MP DPIP)
Technical Assistance to Communities is Vital
25
Environmentally proactive subprojects Vermi
composting (Raj DPIP)
26
Environmentally proactive subprojectsBiogas
energy linked to animal husbandry subprojects -
MP DPIP
27
Classic Integrated Environmental Management
Framework
Planning and Design
Implementation Tools and Strategies
Monitoring and Evaluation Tools and Strategies
Environmental Assessment
Environmental Management Plan
Environmental Management System
EIA review and approval
Monitoring and Supervision of Implementation
Monitoring and Supervision of Management Systems
28
EMFs applied in India
  • Tools e.g. identification of specific assessment
    requirements, negative list, mitigation
    guidelines
  • Capacity Building beneficiary awareness,
    community facilitators, district and state
    management
  • Supervision and Monitoring EMF implementation,
    environmental information gathering and
    dissemination
  • Environment Audit independent review at MTR
  • Implementation Arrangements roles and
    responsibilities specified in Operational Manual
    (including lead agency and resource groups).

29
Important Issues and FAQs
  • How do we deal with safeguards when we don't know
    in advance what the subprojects will be?
  • Who writes the EMF? Who pays for it? Where are
    the best practices?
  • Why don't we just click all the safeguard boxes
    in CDD projects since the menu of subprojects is
    so wide?
  • EMF approach allows for EIA on a case by case
    basis
  • EMF is prepared by a Consultant with oversight
    responsibility of the Bank client. Cost is
    covered in project preparation budget
  • Impacts not large enough to trigger all policies.
    More work for client and Bank.

30
Important Issues and FAQs
  • Is it better to have a stand-alone safeguards
    manual or incorporate it in the Project's Op
    Manual?
  • Should monitoring of safeguards during
    implementation be entrusted to the Project
    itself? The nodal Ministry? An environmental
    agency? Consultants?
  • To what extent can communities self-police? How
    is this done?
  • Both approaches tried and work. User friendly and
    concise manuals are very useful
  • Yes. Usually monitoring is undertaken by an
    independent agency contracted by the client. CDD
    projects in India have used universities,
    government agencies and NGOs
  • Self monitoring by communities is ideal to do.
    Some DPIPs have tried out monitoring by civil
    society groups and it is working well.

31
Lessons from field implementation
  • EMF should embody a value adding rather than a
    policing approach
  • Integrate EMF into subproject cycle
  • Select lead environment agency during project
    preparation, to start capacity building early
  • Environmental advocacy NGO proved more effective
    as lead environment agency than academic group or
    government organization.
  • User friendly tools, flexible to change
  • Unambiguous and comprehensive negative list of
    subprojects
  • Ongoing process of capacity building
  • Role of environment intelligence groups for TA
    and supplemental monitoring
  • Good practices are isolated and are not readily
    disseminated

32
Challenges ahead
  • Planning and Design
  • Develop institutional arrangements during
    preparation stage
  • Durability what env. management will remain
    after project ?
  • Implementation
  • Good practices are restricted to project level
    but weak policy linkage
  • Greater dissemination
  • Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Institutional capacity and arrangements for
    monitoring, including community-level monitoring
  • Safeguards in Country systems setting
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