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Title: How to Fund your Graduate Studies: An Overview of National Graduate Fellowships and How to Compete f


1
How to Fund your Graduate Studies An Overview
of National Graduate Fellowships and How to
Compete for Them
July 7, 2007
Office of Proposal Development Office of the Vice
President for Research Lucy Deckard
L-Deckard_at_tamu.edu
2
For more information
  • For an electronic version of this presentation
    and background materials
  • Go to http//opd.tamu.edu/
  • Click on Seminar Materials then Seminars by
    Date
  • Click on todays date

3
How to Fund Your Graduate Studies
  • Types of Fellowships
  • Why bother?
  • Wheres the ?
  • How to apply and win
  • Overview of the Process and Strategies
  • Examples

4
Funding for Graduate Students
  • Research Assistantships
  • Funded by facultys research funding
  • Typically funded through proposal process
  • Teaching Assistantships
  • Funded by department
  • Teaching-related responsibilities, separate from
    research
  • Graduate Fellowships
  • Dissertation Grants

5
The Continuum
Graduate School
Generic Fellowships
Dissertation Grants
Fellowships for Early Grad Students
Finish classes
Senior Year Undergrad
1st Year
Post-Doc
Dissertation Work
6
Two Types of Fellowships
  • Awards directly to Students
  • Students compete directly for award
  • Award is portable with student
  • Examples
  • NSF Graduate Research Fellowship
  • National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate
    Fellowship
  • J. Javits, Ford Foundation, Humane Studies
    Fellowships
  • Many targeted fellowships (e.g., Semiconductor
    Research Graduate Fellowship, Whitaker Fellowship
    for Biomedical Engineering, ATT Fellowship,
    etc.)

7
Two Types of Fellowships
  • Institutional Awards
  • Awarded to departments, programs, etc.
  • Students selected by department, program or
    faculty
  • Examples Graduate Assistantships in Areas of
    National Need (GAANN), larger programs (IGERT,
    AGEP, etc.)

8
Graduate Fellowships why bother?
  • Guaranteed source of funding
  • Stipends generally much higher than department
    RAs (NSF stipend 30K/yr)
  • Fellowships are portable more autonomy in
    selecting advisor, research project
  • Fellowship can be path to a job (e.g., National
    Lab)

9
Finding Potential Fellowships
  • Fellowship programs often targeted based on
    discipline, demographic group, career interests
  • Look for the fellowship programs that apply to
    you
  • Excellent web resources available
  • Talk to faculty in your department

10
Finding Potential Fellowships
  • Variety of funders
  • Federal agencies (NSF, DoD, NASA, NIH, EPA, NEH,
    USDA, Dept. of Ed., Dept. Homeland Security,
    etc.)
  • Foundations
  • Professional Organizations
  • Corporations
  • For various stages
  • Early Graduate training
  • Dissertation Grant
  • Post-doctoral

11
Using the Internet to Find Fellowships
  • See OPD webpage for this seminar
  • Two types of sites
  • Compedia of Fellowships
  • Cornell http//cuinfo.cornell.edu/Student/GRFN/li
    st.phtml?categoryGENERAL 1
  • http//cuinfo.cornell.edu/Student/GRFN/ 2, 3
  • Specific agency and/or fellowships
  • DHS Graduate Fellowship http//www.orau.gov/dhsed
    / , 4

12
Example National Fellowships
  • National Science Foundation, 1000 awarded
    annually, usually due early November annually
  • https//www.fastlane.nsf.gov/grfp/
  • NASA Earth Systems Science Fellowships, 50 new
    fellowships awarded annually, due February
  • http//research.hq.nasa.gov/code_y/nra/current/F
    ellowship-ESS05/main.html
  • Department of Defense Science and Engineering
    Graduate Fellowships, 200 awarded annually, due
    January http//www.asee.org/ndseg/index.cfm
  • EPA STAR and GRO Fellowships, 115 awarded
    annually, due Oct. or Nov. annually
    http//es.epa.gov/ncer/fellow/
  • DHS, 60 awarded annually due Jan. annually
    http//www.orau.gov/dhsed/
  • Dept. of Education, J. K. Javits Fellowships (48)
    due Oct. annually
  • http//www.ed.gov/programs/jacobjavits/index.html

13
National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate
Fellowshiphttp//www.asee.org/ndseg/
  • Eligibility
  • US citizen or national
  • Pursuing doctoral degree in, or closely related
    to, one of the following disciplines having the
    greatest benefit to national security

GeosciencesMaterials Science and
EngineeringMathematicsMechanical
EngineeringNaval Architecture and Ocean
EngineeringOceanography                
Aeronautical and Astronautical Eng
BiosciencesChemical EngineeringChemistryCivil
EngineeringCognitive, Neural, and Behavioral
Sci. Computer and Computational
ScienceElectrical EngineeringPhysics            
        
14
Fellowships for Minorities
  • Ford Foundation - Predoctoral Fellowships for
    Minorities. The 21,000/year fellowships are
    awarded to individual minority students who
    demonstrate superior scholarship and show promise
    for future achievement as scholars, researchers,
    and teachers. November deadline.
    http//www.nationalacademies.org/fellowships
  • American Sociological Association - Minority
    Fellowship Program. An annual stipend of 14,688
    for up to three years for minority graduate
    students in the early stages of sociology
    graduate programs with emphasis on mental health
    issues and research. January deadline.
    http//asanet.org/page.ww?sectionFundingnameMin
    orityFellowshipProgram
  • GEM PhD Engineering Fellowship Program. Min 14,
    000 for 5 years for engineering (M.S, PhD) and
    science (PhD)majors. Due November.
    http//www.gemfellowship.org/gem_fellowship/overvi
    ew.php

15
Fellowships for Minorities
  • United Negro College Fund Merck Foundation
    Science Initiative - Graduate Science Research
    Dissertation Fellowships. Up to 42,000 stipend
    to assist African-American graduate students in
    completing coursework, conducting research, and
    preparing dissertation in the biomedical
    sciences. December deadline. http//www.uncf.org/m
    erck/programs/grad.htm
  • Social Science Research Council and the Andrew W.
    Mellon Foundation - SSRC-Mellon Minority
    Fellowship Program. Up to ,5000 to increase
    number of African Americans, Latinos, and Native
    Americans in the arts and sciences for students
    enrolled in Ph.D. programs in Mellon-designated
    fields. Citizenship unspecified. Deadline
    November (annual). http//www.ssrc.org/fellowships
    /mellon/
  • National Physical Science Consortium Traditional
    Fellowships for Minorities and Women. 15,000
    stipend for 2 to 3 years. Nov. deadline.
    http//www.npsc.org

16
Fellowships for Women
  • American Association of University Women -
    International Fellowships. 18,000 awards to
    women graduate students studying in the United
    States who are not U.S. citizens. December
    deadline. http//www.aauw.org/fga/fellowships_gran
    ts/international.cfm
  • American Association of University Women -
    Selected Professions Fellowships. Approximately
    5,000-12,000 awards for women in the final year
    of graduate study in historically
    under-represented professions, including Business
    Administration, Law, Medicine, Architecture,
    Computer Sciences, Mathematics, and Engineering.
    January deadline. http//www.aauw.org/fga/fellowsh
    ips_grants/selected.cfm

17
Analysis of Applicant Instructions/RFP
  • What are eligibility requirements?
  • When is the application due?
  • How many are awarded each year?
  • Apply through university or as individual?
  • What criteria are used to evaluate applications?
  • Check with faculty in your department (may have
    been on review panel)
  • Look at goals of funding organization
  • What are the required components of the
    application and what is application process?
  • Contact awarding organization if you have
    questions

18
Typical Application Components
  • Biographical information
  • GRE scores
  • Transcript
  • Letters of Reference
  • Essays/Proposal
  • Discussion of proposed research
  • Often, discussion of one or more research
    experiences
  • Sometimes, other questions

19
Fellowship Application is Mini-Research
Proposal
  • You are selling yourself and your ideas
  • Identify fellowship opportunities for which you
    are eligible
  • Analyze what they are looking for (review
    criteria)
  • Write best possible application
  • Gather and submit other required material
    (references, GRE scores, etc.)

20
What are They Looking For?
  • Will you further the goals of the funder?
  • Will you be a successful graduate student and
    researcher?
  • Do you understand the research process?
  • Do you do your homework?
  • i.e., read the literature in your area,
    understand previous work, etc.
  • Can you express your ideas well?
  • Is your selected area of research something they
    want to support?
  • Varies in importance depending on mission of
    funder
  • Are you one of the best candidates in the
    applicant pool?

21
Putting together your application
  • Find faculty mentor(s)
  • Faculty with whom you plan to do your graduate
    research
  • Faculty in your undergraduate department
  • Graduate coordinator in your department
  • They will provide advice on research plan,
    critique your writing
  • Ask for references early and check
  • Make sure GRE scores, transcripts, etc. will be
    available on time

22
Writing Strategies
  • Start early and get others to edit your work!
  • Write in a scholarly style
  • Make it clear you understand your subject
  • Cite references if allowed
  • Make it clear that you understand the research
    process
  • Clear hypothesis, goals, objectives
  • Discussion of your planned approach with
    sufficient detail to show your understanding of
    the topic

23
Hotlinks to Writing Strategies
  • Many resources available on how to write good
    proposals
  • See hotlink table e-mailed to you
  • Grant Doctor in Science Magazine
  • Agency-specific guides
  • Google
  • Excellent books on writing
  • Schrunk and White (http//www.bartleby.com/141/)
  • The Art of Writing Proposals, by the Social
    Science Research Council, available online at
    http//www.ssrc.org/publications/

24
Evaluation Review Criteria
  • Read application, related information carefully
  • find out what they are looking for
  • Investigate goals and culture of funder
  • Reflect vision of the funding agency

25
References
  • Select faculty who know you well
  • Select faculty who will give you a positive
    reference!
  • Undergraduate research experience great
    opportunity to develop references
  • Follow up and make sure they sent in your
    reference letter

26
Example NSF Graduate Research Fellowships
  • Typically due early November
  • 1000 to be awarded this year
  • For any research area funded by NSF
  • Includes Education, Social and Behavioral
    Sciences as well as Science and Engineering
  • Look through NSF web site at www.nsf.gov for
    research areas

27
How to Apply for NSF Fellowship
  • See www.ehr.nsf.gov/dge/programs/grf/ and
    https//www.fastlane.nsf.gov/grfp/ for
    application instructions, FAQ, etc.
  • Apply on-line using NSFs Fastlane system at
    www.fastlane.nsf.gov
  • Parts of application
  • Information form (name, school, etc.)
  • Application form (includes two essay questions)
  • Proposed Plan of Research
  • Previous Research Experience
  • References
  • GRE, GPA form and transcript request form

28
NSF Fellowship
  • 30,000 per year plus 10,500 education allowance
    for 3 years
  • Must be US Citizen or permanent resident
  • May apply
  • during undergrad senior year
  • prior to or during 1st year of grad school,
  • or at beginning of 2nd year of grad school

29
Strategies to Win
  • Good grades and GRE scores help
  • GPAs typically 3.7 or higher but not always
  • Undergraduate research experience
  • Good essay answers
  • Great research proposal
  • Excellent references

30
Research Proposals
  • Be original.
  • A less polished essay that shows evidence of the
    students own creativity is usually more
    impressive than a sophisticated plan that is not
    original.
  • Be rigorous.
  • The best research proposalsdemonstrate that the
    applicant understands how to conduct research in
    his/her discipline using the scientific method
  • Be clear and well-organized.
  • The best proposals demonstrate creativity in
    thinking about research questions as well as
    communication and organizational skills.

31
Finally.
  • Start early
  • Do your homework
  • Ask for help
  • The Office of Proposal Development is available
    to help contact me
  • Lucy Deckard at L-deckard_at_tamu.edu
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