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HIST 1302: U.S. History 1865 to the Present Review for Final Exam Spring 2011

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Title: HIST 1302: U.S. History 1865 to the Present Review for Final Exam Spring 2011


1
HIST 1302 U.S. History 1865 to the
Present Review for Final Exam Spring 2011
2
Review for Final Exam
  • DATE OF EXAM
  • The Final Exam will be given according to the
    following schedule
  • Section 001 (MW 8 920) Wed., May 11, 800
    1030 a.m.
  • Section 003 (MW 930 1050) Mon., May 9, 800
    1030 a.m.
  • Section 005 (MW 1100 1220) Wed., May 11,
    200 430 p.m.
  • In addition to the course final exam, we will
    also take a departmental Key Concepts Exam.
    This will take about 30-35 minutes, and will not
    count toward your course grade.

3
Review for Final Exam
  • MAKE-UP POLICY (from Syllabus)
  • The dates and times of the Final Exam are fixed
    by the college and are not negotiable. Except in
    absolutely extreme and unforeseeable
    circumstances, no make-ups will be scheduled in
    advance or given after the assigned test time.
  • Even in such circumstances, in order to qualify
    for a make-up you must contact me by phone,
    e-mail, or in person before the exam begins to
    let me know that you will miss it and why. If
    you miss an exam without contacting me in
    advance, you will receive a ZERO, regardless of
    your reason for missing it.

4
Review for Final Exam
  • FORMAT OF EXAM
  • 40 Multiple Choice Questions (1 points each 40
    points)
  • 4 Short Answer/Identification Questions (5 points
    each 20 points)
  • I will give you 8 to choose from. Write only
    four answers.
  • 1 Essay Question (40 points)
  • I will give you 2 to choose from. Write only one
    answer.

5
Review for Final Exam
  • FORMAT OF EXAM
  • To answer a Short Answer correctly you must
  • 1) Define the item, as clearly and succinctly as
    possible
  • 2) Describe the terms significance what does
    this thing tell us about the bigger picture (ie.,
    the subject matter of that lecture, or U.S.
    history in general)? How does it connect to
    other important ideas or events?

6
Review for Final Exam
  • FORMAT OF EXAM
  • To answer an Essay Question correctly you must
  • 1) Present a thesis that answers the question as
    directly and clearly as possible.
  • 2) Present a well-organized, well-developed essay
    that moves logically from point to point,
    answering completely the question I ask.
  • 3) Provide detailed examples for every point you
    make, using the keywords provided in class
    lectures.

7
Review for Final Exam
  • WHAT TO STUDY
  • There are three major sources of information you
    need to work with
  • 1) Class notes you need to know all the
    keywords displayed on the overhead (and listed
    below).
  • 2) Textbook the test will cover Chapters 27-31.
  • 3) CD-Rom Readings as listed in the syllabus,
    especially those we discussed in class

8
Review for Final Exam
  • HOW TO STUDY
  • Multiple Choice
  • Most of the Multiple Choice questions will come
    from material which is in both the lectures and
    the textbook. I may ask questions over material
    which is just in the lectures, but it is very
    unlikely that I will test you over stuff which is
    only in the textbook.
  • Therefore, the best way to study is to work from
    the Keywords, looking for material which overlaps
    with the textbook chapters. The places where
    there is overlap will be the source for most of
    the exam questions.

9
Review for Final Exam
  • HOW TO STUDY
  • Identification
  • To prepare for the Identification questions,
    carefully study the Keyword lists from class (and
    below). For each term, you should be able to
  • Define the term
  • Explain how that term connects to the general
    topic of the lecture it comes from.
  • Explain what that term has to do with the one
    listed before it and the one after.
  • You should, that is, be able to define each
    keyword and put it into a larger context.

10
Review for Final Exam
  • HOW TO STUDY
  • Essay Question
  • You will choose one of two Essay Questions to
    answer. The three possible questions are

11
Review for Final Exam
  • HOW TO STUDY
  • Essay Question
  • 1. Reform, the effort to improve social
    conditions, was one of the most important
    historical trends of the twentieth century,
    evident in the work of progressives early in the
    century and civil rights protesters later. Who
    were the progressives, and what were their goals?
    What methods did they employ to change American
    society? How successful were they? Consider
    next the reform programs of the 1930s called the
    New Deal. How did New Deal approaches resemble
    or differ from those of the progressives? What
    were its goals, what methods were used, and how
    effective was it? By the Civil Rights Movement
    of the 1950s and 60s, reformers were again
    turning to a different set of strategies. What
    were the major issues civil rights activists were
    concerned with? Did the arguments and strategies
    they used differ from earlier forms of protest,
    or did they follow the same basic models used by
    earlier reformers? Whats the same, or what are
    the differences?

12
Review for Final Exam
  • HOW TO STUDY
  • Essay Question
  • 2. In 1903, as the twentieth century was just
    beginning, civil rights leader W.E.B. Dubois
    wrote that the problem of the Twentieth Century
    is the problem of the color line. What did he
    mean? Write an essay showing how race relations
    have developed through the twentieth century.
    What was the legal, social, and economic status
    of African Americans when the century began? Did
    conditions, especially in the south where most of
    them lived, change in the first half of the
    century? For the better or the worse? What
    effect did World War II have racial issues, and
    what indications were there by the 1950s that
    conditions might start to improve? What was the
    civil rights movement, and what effects did it
    have in terms of improving racial opportunity and
    equality in the U.S.? Finally, what is the
    situation at turn of the new century and today?
    Have blacks and whites achieved equality and
    mutual respect in this country?

13
Review for Final Exam
  • HOW TO STUDY
  • Essay Question
  • 3. When Ronald Reagan declared in 1981 that
    government is not the solution to our problem
    government is the problem, he reversed more than
    100 years of federal policy. Since the Civil
    War, the powers of the federal government had
    been steadily growing as it became more active in
    every aspect of American life, especially
    economic matters. How did Reconstruction
    demonstrate the growth of federal power? What
    policies (and amendments!) did the Radical
    Republican Congress promote that demonstrated
    their commitment to government activism? Did the
    progressive presidencies of Theodore Roosevelt
    and Woodrow Wilson change the role of the
    government, and if so, how? What about the Great
    Depression? What new style of federal action was
    revealed by the New Deal, and how did it change
    the publics expectations about what government
    could and should do for them? How was the
    presidency of Ronald Reagan a direct reaction to
    the New Deal? What problems did Reagan see with
    how New Deal programs were implemented, and what
    were his solutions? Finally, do you agree or
    disagree with Reagans interpretation?

14
Review for Final Exam
  • WHAT TO BRING
  • For the Multiple Choice portion of the test, you
    must bring a Scantron sheet (available in the
    bookstores) and a 2 pencil.
  • For the Identification and Essay portions, you
    need a new blue book and, if you want, a pen. Do
    not, of course, fill out the Scantron with a pen.
  • For the Key Concepts exam, please bring an extra
    Scantron form.

15
KEYWORDS
16
The 1950s Culture of Consensus
17
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • Cold War (1945-1991)
  • superpowers
  • spheres of influence
  • ideological differences
  • capitalism vs. communism
  • American Way of Life
  • Culture of Consensus
  • conformity
  • dissidence / subversiveness

18
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • Red Scare
  • loyalty oaths
  • House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)
  • Alger Hiss case, 1948
  • Whittaker Chambers
  • Richard M. Nixon
  • Hollywood Trials
  • name names
  • Lucille Ball
  • Hollywood Blacklist
  • Sen. Joseph McCarthy
  • McCarthyism

19
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • consumerism
  • baby boom
  • suburbs
  • Levittown, NY
  • William Levitt
  • white flight
  • gender roles
  • domestic ideal
  • Dr. Benjamin Spock, Common Sense Book of Baby and
    Child Care (1946)
  • Sloan Wilson, Man in the Gray Flannel Suit (1955)
  • mass culture
  • television
  • McDonalds

20
The Civil Rights Movement
21
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • Civil Rights Movement
  • segregation (Jim Crow)
  • Plessy v. Ferguson (1898)
  • separate but equal standard
  • gradualism
  • NAACP Legal Defense Fund
  • Thurgood Marshall
  • desegregation of public schools
  • Delgado v. Bastrop ISD (1949)
  • Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
    (1954)
  • massive resistance
  • Central High School, Little Rock, Ark. (1957)
  • Gov. Orval Faubus

22
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • nonviolent resistance
  • Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Reinhold Niebuhr, Moral Man and Immoral Society
    (1932)
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-56)
  • Rosa Parks
  • sit-in movement
  • public accommodations
  • lunch counters
  • Birmingham Childrens March (1963)
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 desegregation
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965 voting rights

23
The Vietnam War
24
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • assassination of President Kennedy, 1963
  • Vietnam War (1965-1975)
  • Indochina (Southeast Asia)
  • Ho Chi Minh
  • domino theory
  • Republic of Vietnam
  • Viet Cong
  • military advisers
  • President Lyndon B. Johnson
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
  • kill ratio
  • Tet Offensive
  • credibility gap
  • President Richard M. Nixon
  • Vietnamization
  • Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City)

25
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • countercultures
  • antiwar movement
  • Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
  • Port Huron Statement (1962)
  • generation gap
  • campus activism
  • educational draft deferments
  • hippies
  • assassinations of Martin Luther King and Robert
    Kennedy (1968)
  • 1968 Democratic Convention in Chicago
  • Woodstock Music Festival (1969)

26
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • New Feminism
  • Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique (1963)
  • women in the work force
  • two-income families
  • National Organization for Women (NOW)
  • equal pay for equal work
  • Womens Liberation
  • patriarchy
  • reproductive rights
  • birth control pill
  • sexual revolution
  • abortion rights
  • Roe v. Wade (1973)
  • Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
  • Phyllis Schlafly

27
Malaise and Morning in America
28
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • malaise
  • Richard M. Nixon
  • multipolar world
  • détente
  • Nixons visit to China (1972)
  • Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT)
  • Watergate Scandal
  • Gerald Ford pardons Nixon
  • Jimmy Carter
  • stagflation high unemployment inflation
  • energy crisis
  • Iranian hostage crisis
  • Ayatollah Khomeini vs. Shah of Iran

29
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • Ronald Reagan (1911-2004)
  • New Conservatism
  • Government is not the solution to our problem
    government is the problem.
  • religious right
  • Reagan Democrats
  • Reaganomics supply-side economics
  • trickle down theory
  • tax cuts, cuts to federal programs
  • Its morning in America.

30
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • War on Drugs
  • homelessness
  • AIDS
  • Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)
  • collapse of Soviet Union
  • A new world order
  • globalism

31
Globalism and the Future
32
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • Mikhail Gorbachev
  • Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)
  • collapse of the Soviet Union
  • A new world order
  • globalism
  • human rights as a diplomatic goal
  • global police force Somalia, Kosovo
  • Persian Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm),
    1990-91
  • global economy
  • free trade
  • European Union (EU), euro
  • North American Free Trade Association (NAFTA)
  • outsourcing
  • multinational corporations
  • economic imperialism

33
KEYWORDS Review for Final Exam
  • a nation of immigrants
  • Immigration Act of 1965 eliminated quotas
  • illegal immigration
  • identity politics
  • high-tech industries/Internet
  • global health crises AIDS, SARS, H1N1
  • global environmental issues climate change,
    clean air/water
  • global terrorism Al Qaeda
  • September 11, 2001
  • wars in Afghanistan and Iraq
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