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Chinese Medicine

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Title: Chinese Medicine


1
Chinese Medicine
  • By
  • Patricia Renaud

2
There are many misconceptions about Chinese
Medicine
  • There is a great difference between the modern
    philosophy the ancient philosophy of Chinese
    Medicine
  • Folk remedy co-exists along side modern medicine
  • Mix Western Chinese Medicines
  • For the Chinese practitioner the mixing is not
    important, the results is what matters

3
Philosophy Theory of Chinese Medicine
  • Chinese medicine considers illness cures in the
    human body as a combination of emotional,
    physical, psychological, environmental cosmic
    factors
  • Chinese medicine deals with the mind, body,
    general health and disease totally when treating
    a person

4
Origin of Chinese Medicine
  • The legendary founders of Chinese medicine for
    the Chinese people are
  • The Yellow Emperor (Huang Di)
  • The Devine Farmer (Shen Nong)
  • Began to take form 5000 years ago
  • Women who can bring down the Spirits the
    cultivation of Spirits play an important role in
    early Chinese medicine remain a predominate
    factor in Chinese folk medicine

5
Two main types of Chinese medical practitioners
  • Official doctors-trained in official training
    centers or government colleges
  • served gentry
  • Unofficial doctors (itinerant or religious folk
    doctors)-educated by teachers, often family
    members or religious teachers
  • served common people sometimes upper class

6
There are several varieties of Chinese Medicine
including
  • Acupuncture
  • Acupressure
  • Herbology
  • Chinese Nutrition
  • Moxibustion
  • Massage
  • Qigong
  • Diagnosis-Observation of patient
  • Therapy Therapeutic Techniques
  • Tuina
  • Jiaofa
  • Yangsheng
  • Mantras

7
Diagnosis
  • The four basic methods of examination (sizhen)
    are
  • looking at the patient(wangzhen)
  • examination by listening, smelling, tasting
    (wenzhen)
  • examination by interrogation (wenzhen)
  • examination by touching (qiezhen)

8
Observing the patient
  • Observes body as a whole
  • Some diseases show in the way a person moves
    looks
  • Observes shape of the body-large, small, thin,
    fat
  • Observes posture of patient-may indicate
    deviation of backbone
  • Observes color of face parts of body
  • Observes how patient behaves-quiet, aggressive,
    disturbed, does he think clearly, does he make
    sense
  • Observes parts of body-head, hair, hands, tongue,

9
Eight factors that guide the practitioner
  • Two basic elements of change-yin yang can be
    called by different names to distinguish areas
    but the underlying theory is still the yin-yang
    relationship
  • biao-on the surface or superficial
  • li-internal or fundamental
  • han-cold
  • re-hot
  • xu-empty or powerless
  • shi-over-powerful or full

10
Chinese Therapy Therapeutic Techniques
  • Preserving health preventing disease better
    than curing
  • Herbal medicines other external internal
    practices of prevention popular in China
  • Have innumerable exercises herbal preparations
  • Prevent disease by practicing qigong taijiquan
  • Physicians advise patient to take up form of
    exercise to recover from illness, keep in shape
    prevent recurring illness
  • There are pills medicines for regaining
    vitality

11
Eight methods of Therapy(Curing)
  • Han- (sweating) making the patient sweat-
    superficial damage caused by external
    circumstances
  • Tu- (vomiting) making the patient vomit- like
    when food is not digested or person has been
    poisoned
  • Xia- (lowering) forcing matter in the body
    downward- like when there is constipation
  • He- (harmonizing) adjust or regulate a body
    function- as when upper lower parts are not in
    harmony

12
Eight Methods of Therapy (curing) continued
  • Wen- (warning) raising the temperature in an area
    of the body- used when cold is cause of disease
  • Qing- (purifying) clearing heat purifying the
    body- used when heat is the source of illness
  • Xiao- (dispelling) eliminating or dispelling the
    cause of disease- eliminate blockages, blocked
    body fluid or blocked materials
  • Bu- (supplying) improve conditions of bloodfluid
    functions of the body- gives someone more
    strength

13
Acupuncture
  • Zhenfa (needle technique) is a way of influencing
    bodily functions by inserting needles in the Xue
    (acupuncture points)
  • Was popular in ancient times then forbidden in
    1822, was rediscovered this century
  • Physician must be acquainted with the exact
    location of the Xue or can cause damage instead
    of cure

14
Acupuncture Needles
  • Originally used 9 needles but now use many more
  • Needles originally made of bone, stone or metal
    including gold or silver now they are made of
    stainless steel
  • Needles used differ in both length thickness
  • Smallest needles measure less than one inch but
    largest can be one foot in length
  • Needles can be inserted perpendicular or slanting
  • Speed of insertion, depth of insertion differ
  • Once inserted needle may be turned, pulled,
    heated

15
Set of Acupuncture Needles
16
Documented Successes with Acupuncture
  • Acupuncture is combined with herbs in the
    treatment of Chronic Fatigue
  • considered a paradigm shift that causes damp
    heat, latent heat, Qi deficiency blood
    deficiency
  • Acupuncture used for Back pain
  • considered blood stagnation causing damp heat
    kidney pathology(can be anything from stones to
    deficiency in Yin or Yang)
  • Acupuncture herbs successfully used for
    treatment of Womens problems
  • (Menopause, PMS, Pain occurring with menstruation
    and excessive flow or spotting)

17
More successful uses of Acupuncture
  • Lupus-acupuncture combined with herbal formulas
    for full recovery of patients
  • Sciatica-acupuncture combined with acupressure
    for full relief of pain
  • Varicose veins-acupuncture combined with hot
    herbal decoction to soak wash area to speed
    healing
  • Infertility-acupuncture has been combined with
    traditional Chinese medicine in the successful
    treatment of various causes of infertility in
    both male female patients

18
Acupressure
  • Similar to Acupuncture in use of points but uses
    pressure instead of needles
  • Pressure on different points can relieve or cure
    many different ailments (including pain in bones,
    joints, muscles nerves to blockages like carpal
    tunnel)
  • Continued use will relieve many conditions that
    normally require surgery in Western countries

19
Moxibustion
  • Application of very powerful pungent essence to
    strategic points
  • Mainly used in combination with Acupuncture
  • Moxibustion is the burning of the Moxa herb
  • Moxa particularly effective when patient is
    suffering from cold or dampness

20
Moxibustion
  • Herb thought to be pure Yang in nature therefore
    suitable for warming
  • One method of treatment is burn herb rolled in
    paper a short distance from the skin along the
    track of the jing (meridians)
  • also burn over holes to allow to enter body (as
    ears, mouth, nose)

21
Chinese Massage
  • Consists of internal external aspects
  • Influence conditions of the skin muscles
  • May be directed at the bones, joints, bloodfluid,
    or other internal parts or functions
  • Uses techniques like chiropractic in the West
  • All parts of the body can be treated
  • Self-massage is form of this therapy

22
There are eight fundamental techniques of massage
from which all other forms derive
  • Tui (pushing)
  • Na (grasping)
  • An (pressing or pushing downward)
  • Qian (pulling)
  • Da (beating)
  • Dong (moving)
  • Mo (rubbing)
  • Gun (rolling like waves)

23
Different systems of Massage
  • There are many combinations derived from the
    eight fundamental techniques of massage such as
  • Tuina (pushing grasping)
  • Anmo (pressing rubbing)
  • Dianxue (touching of the holes)
  • Who techniques are practiced
  • One hand Combination of hand foot
  • Two hands Using other parts of body
  • With feet Using a massage medium (such as sticks,
    rollers or herbal preparation)

24
Qigong
  • The skill of directing controlling Qi
  • Rapid development of Qigong is based on clinical
    results supported by scientific research
  • Includes methods similar to hypnosis,
    psychotherapy, trance, laying of hands and
    magnetism
  • Is used for many things including the treatment
    of cancer
  • IS also the practice of exercise (Physician must
    undergo a long period of body mind training
    before they are allowed to practice or teach)

25
Qigong continued
  • Physician uses concentration relaxation in his
    body to make his own qi flow in the direction he
    wishes ( he can transmit it into the patients
    body directly or by touching the person)
  • When this is done, magnetic, bio-electrical
    reactions, hormonal molecular changes occur
  • Greatest changes seem to be within body cells
  • Qigong physician is employed at every respectable
    hospital to teach patients health exercises both
    for rehabilitation or to prevent development of
    disease

26
Chinese Herbal Medicine
  • The oldest medical book that mentions herbs is
    the Huang Di Nei Jing (The Yellow Emperors
    Classic of Internal Medicine)
  • Book is dated to between 800 BC 200 BC
  • Compendium of medical theory practice
    attributed to Yellow Emperor thought to have
    lived c.4700 BC (he may be a mythical character
    used to provide credence to the work though)

27
Period of the Nei Jing
  • This period one of great creativity change
  • Period of transition from shamanistic medicine to
    one based on theory accumulated knowledge of
    body
  • Book discusses theory of medicine knowledge
    even though it was suppose to have been written
    2500 years prior to this
  • The 28 substances 12 prescriptions are the
    first mention of Chinese Herbal Medicine
    continues to be practiced today

28
Herbology Other Medicines
  • Pharmacology is an ancient Chinese science
  • Ingredients used range from herbs to minerals to
    animal components
  • Almost anything within these boundaries is
    suitable for use in a medication

29
Preparation of Medicine
  • When preparing medicines they take into
    consideration the basic compatibility or
    incompatibility of the different products, the
    volume used, the way it will be used (orally or
    externally), the restrictions prohibitions or
    counter-indications of the products

30
Herbs
  • Unique strength of herbal therapies is that the
    prescription is made to order according to the
    needs of a specific person
  • A formula for one person for a headache will
    contain different ingredients for that person
    than it would for another person also with
    headaches
  • Ingredients are all natural
  • Can be without animal products (for a
    vegetarian)

31
There are many uses of Ginkgo
  • Memory impairment such as Alzheimers disease
    other mental disorders from poor
    circulation-improves the memory mental acuity
    in many chronic brain syndromes
  • Circulation problems-improves the blood flow by
    reducing thickness in blood
  • The extract of the nut leaves of the Ginkgo
    tree are used.
  • Known as an excellent antioxidant

32
New product used as a cure for Tumor or Cancer
  • New anti-cancer Chinese prescription proven
    recognized to have 80 curing rate in the final
    stages of Cancer patients in clinical tests all
    over China the National Cancer Institute of the
    U.S. Called China No. 1 Tian Xian Liquid
  • Has been documented to reduce or cure breast
    lumps
  • Breast cancer patients cancer spread to bone
    tissue yet after treatment patient returned to
    work
  • Colon cancer patient in final stage is cured

33
How Chinese medicine is classifiedYaoxing-nature
or Weidao-taste
  • Smell taste of medicines allow them to be be
    classed in other categories
  • Suan-sour
  • Ku-bitter
  • Gan-sweet
  • Xin-pungent
  • Xian-salty
  • Dan-tasteless
  • Se-astringent
  • Four qi (siqi) of medicine
  • Han-cold
  • Re-hot
  • Wen-warm
  • Liang-cool
  • Medicine not fitting these categories are called
    pingxing yao (neutral nature)

34
How the medicines work
  • Each every nature or taste influences the basic
    cause of disease and creates a change in the
    condition
  • The taste makes them harmonize with certain body
    functions through the relationships of the five
    agents they affect the functions either directly
    or indirectly

35
How are medicines prepared?
  • Choa-frying
  • Pao-roasting
  • Zhi-broiling
  • Zhi-roasting in a liquid (including vinegar,
    honey, alcohol, water etc.)
  • Wei-stewing (wrapped in wet paper or wet bread
    until outer material becomes dark)

36
Jiaofa
  • Jiaofa-(horn-method) where physician uses glass
    cups or bamboo segments, heated on the inside by
    fire, and stuck to parts of the patients body
  • Cup sticks tightly because of the vacuum created
    by the heat and dispels cold dampness from the
    body. It then warms the Qi and reduces swelling

37
Yangsheng
  • This is the nourishment or cultivation of life
  • By taking care of ones life daily influences
    or activities, disease is prevented
  • Uses diet exercise
  • Uses martial arts even Yoga
  • Some knowledge of the body is required for this
  • Stresses the importance of uniting the Qi
    otherwise no single method will prolong life

38
Mantras
  • Mantras are powerful therapeutic means to the
    Chinese
  • Are pronounced silently or aloud
  • Promotes health inner comfort
  • Mantras can have the opposite effect
  • Fu are talismans (secret writing in red ink or
    blood on yellow paper given to the person) were
    used to expel evil influences or as a spiritual
    means to make a person more in harmony with
    their surroundings

39
Summary
  • The Chinese learned long age that the body was a
    circuitry of electrical impulses with a variety
    of critical points along the electrical pathways
  • A needle applied to the proper point energizes a
    particular organ
  • Believed emotional events create blocks in the
    circuitry must be relieved so energy flow can
    be restored

40
Observation on ancient sciences
  • While Chinese were mapping the strategic points
    of the body , the astrologers were mapping the
    skies.
  • Is there one source of wisdom and have the
    ancient Chinese astrologers been able to tap
    into it and turn this into their healing arts
    with the combination of both things?????
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