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Critical Issues in Education

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Title: Critical Issues in Education


1
Critical Issues in Education
  • Course Notes
  • Charlie Skipper
  • Fall, 2005

2
Friday, Class 1
  • Plan of Action
  • Introductions and Housekeeping
  • Syllabus Review
  • Create the Presentation Teams
  • Paige Emerich Technology and the Writing
    Process at EA
  • Review Charlies Questions/Add Others
  • What is Unassailably True about Education?
  • Curing Presentism Roots in Education
  • Philosophy and History

3
Focusing Questions
  • What is unassailably true about education?
  • What is the problem of presentism and why is it
    so pervasive?

4
Roots in Education
  • Education Educere (to draw or bring out) v
    Educare (to train or bring up)
  • Historical Overview
  • Pre-Greek
  • Greek Models Socrates then Academies
  • Church and Monasteries
  • Middle Ages and Universities
  • Pre-University Education Until French Revolution

5
Roots in Education
  • Elements pre-French Revolution
  • Elite
  • Religious
  • Tutors
  • Post-French Revolution
  • European Model Meritocracy, State-Sponsored
    Education to Secular Ends, Harkens to Chinese
    Civil Service approach of national testing to
    privileged education

6
Roots in Education
  • Post-American Revolution
  • Traditional
  • New England and Schools to learn to read bible
  • Southern tutors to train the elite for admission
    to universities
  • Thomas Jefferson and Horace Mann
  • TJ Public education required for a democracy
  • Mann Public education required for the workplace

7
Roots in Education
  • Industrial Revolution, Romanticism and Child
    Labor
  • Education comes to be seen as something other
    than an elite privilege
  • In the US, due to immigration, education comes to
    be seen as a mechanism for assimilation tool of
    the melting pot
  • Labor gets organized and wants to move children
    out of the labor force
  • Romanticism and reformers seek to improve the lot
    of all, including children, and horror stories
    like those of Charles Dickens led to child labor
    laws AND a need for a place for children to be

8
Roots in Education
  • Public Schools, by the latter half of the 19th
    century, become the place that children should
    be.
  • 1st Curriculums based on elite notions of what a
    person should learn
  • African America divides on the question of
    education
  • Booker T. Washington Vocational Ed
  • W.E.B. Dubois Elite Education

9
Roots in Education
  • Work of John Dewey and Progressive Education
  • Students should be actively engaged in their
    learning
  • Students learn best when they study subjects or
    ideas related to their lives and world
  • Rejection of classical and elite model of learning

10
Roots in Education
  • Rise of Business Models and Interest in a
    Trained Workforce
  • Efficiency and effectiveness studies from
    Taylors work were applied to school settings
  • Schools as factories students as products of
    managerial processes
  • Role of school is to rationalize the process of
    creating good workers

11
Roots in Education
  • The Great Depression Undermined much of the
    business orientation and outcomes focus Why?
  • Rise of Professionalization of the Field
  • Accreditation of Schools
  • Ending Normal Schools and Rise of Required
    Degrees
  • Growth of Education Schools and Licensure
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