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Science and Technology Strategies Vision 2023 a project to build a science and technology vision for

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Title: Science and Technology Strategies Vision 2023 a project to build a science and technology vision for


1
Science and Technology Strategies Vision 2023
(a projectto build a science and
technologyvision for Turkey)
  • Serhat Cakir, Ph.D
  • Head, Science and Technology Policy Department,
    TÜBITAK
  • serhat.cakir_at_tubitak.gov.tr

2
Turkish National Science, Technology and
Innovation System
President of Republic
Prime Minister
BTYK
MIT
ME
HEC
TÜBITAK
Universities
DPT
TÜBA
TÜRKAK
DTM
TOBB
KOSGEB
TTGV
Patent Institute
Turkish Standards Institution
RD Institutions
BTYK- Supreme Council of Science and Technology
MIT- Minister of Industry and Trade
ME- Ministry of Education TÜBITAK- The Scientific
and Technical Research Counsil of Turkey
HEC- Higher Education Council (YÖK)
TÜBA- The Turkish Academy of Sciences (TÜBA)
DPT- State Planning Organization
TÜRKAK- Accreditation Board KOSGEB- Small and Med
ium Sized Industry and Development Organizations
TTGV- Technology Development Foundation of Turkey
DTM-Foreign Trade and the Treasury
TOBB-Union of Chambers and Commodity
Exchange of Turkey

3
Supreme Council of Science and Technology
  • Highest policy making body
  • Chaired by Prime Minister / Deputy Prime
    Minister
  • Members
  • Prime Minister
  • Ministers (most closely concerned with ST)
  • The Scientific and Technical Research Council of
    Turkey (TÜBITAK)
  • The Turkish Academy of Sciences (TÜBA)
  • Higher Education Council of Turkey (YÖK)
  • The Turkish Atomic Energy Council (TAEK)
  • Foreign Trade and the Treasury
  • Union of Chambers and Commodity Exchange of
    Turkey

4
TÜBITAK functions as the general secretariat to
the SCST and is responsible for
  • preparing the agenda of the Supreme Council
  • carrying out the preparatory studies
  • following up the implementations
  • evaluating the impacts of the implementations

5
TÜBITAK
  • Founded in 1963
  • In charge of
  • promoting,
  • developing,
  • organizing and coordinating research and
    development in the fields of social and exact
    sciences

6
Mission (TÜBITAK)
  • Determining Turkeys science and technology
    policies
  • Supporting, encouraging and coordinating
    scientific research activities
  • Establishing and operating special institutes to
    conduct research and development activities
    geared to the targets of the five-year economic
    development plans and the priorities set by the
    Science Board
  • Providing scholarships and other support to
    researchers and organizing contests to discover
    and train future scientists.

7
Mission (TÜBITAK)
  • Supporting RD activities and innovations in
    industry, promoting university-industry
    collaborations and establishing technoparks to
    facilitate their realization.
  • To implement tasks undertaken through
    international scientific and technical
    cooperation agreements
  • Publishing scientific journals, popular science
    books and popular science magazines to popularize
    science and technology
  • Supporting scientists and researchers with awards
    and programs that incent scientific publication.

8
TÜBITAK
  • It operates under a special founding act
  • financial flexibility,
  • partials administrative autonomy,
  • reports directly to the Prime Minister or the
    Deputy Prime Minister.

9
RD Institutes of TÜBITAK
  • Marmara Research Center-MAM
  • Information Technologies and Electronics Research
    Institute-BILTEN
  • Defense Industries Research and Development
    Institute-SAGE
  • National Electronics and Cryptology Research
    Institute-UEKAE
  • Basic Sciences Research Institute-TBAE
  • Genetic Engineering Biotechnology Research
    Institute-GMBAE
  • Advanced Agricultural Technologies Research and
    Development Institute-ÇITTAGE

10
Institutes Providing Technological Facilities
  • National Metrology Institute-UME
  • National Academic Network and Information
    Centre-ULAKBIM
  • Turkish National Observatory-TUG
  • Ankara Test Analysis Laboratory-ATAL
  • DNA/Tissue Bank and Gene Research Laboratory
  • Bursa Test Analysis Laboratory-BUTAL

11
TÜBITAK International Relations
  • Bilateral ST relations
  • ISCU
  • European Science Foundation-ESF
  • EUREKA
  • COST
  • Regional Organisations-Black Sea Economic
    Cooperation-BSEC, Economic Cooperation
    Organisation-ECO etc.
  • European Commission
  • EU 6th Framework Programmes
  • NATO (SfP CCMS)
  • OECD
  • United Nations-UN
  • UNDP
  • UNESCO, etc.

12
VISION 2023
"The future belongs to those who believe in the
beauty of their dreams. Eleanor Roosevelt
  • SCST Decision on 13 Dec. 2000
  • A new national ST policy document for the period
    2003-2023 is to be prepared to build a welfare
    society in 2023
  • 100th Anniversary of the Foundation of the
    Turkish Republic

13
SCST Decision on 24 Dec. 2001
TECHNOLOGY FORESIGHT
TECHNOLOGY INVENTORY
RD MANPOWER (ARBIS)
RD INFRASTRUCTURE (TARABIS)
2003-2023 STRATEGY DOCUMENT ST Vision Strateg
ic Technologies and RD Priorities
Policy Recommendations
14
Organisation of Vision 2023
SCST
STEERING COMMITTEE
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
PROJECT OFFICE
15
Steering Committee
  • Structure
  • 27 Public (Co-ordination TÜBITAK)
  • 28 Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and
    Chambers
  • 10 Academic (Higher Ed. Coun. and 9 Univer.)
  • Total of 65 Bodies Represented
  • Function
  • Strategic Decisions
  • Ensure sustained commitment of actors
  • Level of Representation
  • High ranking officials and managers

16
Executive Committee
  • Structure
  • President and Vice-presidents of TÜBITAK
  • Project Manager
  • Representatives of
  • State Planning Organisation
  • Undersectateriat of Defence Industries
  • Technology Development Foundation of Turkey
  • Function
  • Operational and budgetary decisions

17
Pre-foresight Activities
  • Training
  • Scanning - Foresight in other countries
  • Report on foresight exercises
  • CRITECH-2001 (20-21 Sep.)
  • Participation from OECD, EU, IPTS, Greece, USA
  • Conferences
  • Workshop Foresight Methodologies (2 March,02)
  • Electronic survey on panel topics
  • Project Planning
  • Rationale, scope, expected outputs
  • Methodology, time table, budget

18
Expected Outputs
  • Strategic technologies and RD priorities
  • Raising awareness on the importance of ST
  • Wide and effective participation of all
    stakeholders

19
Foresight Panels
  • 1- Education and Human Resources
  • 2- Environment and Sustainable Dev.
  • 3- Information and Communication (inc.
    Electronics)
  • 4- Energy and Natural Resources
  • 5- Health and Pharmaceuticals
  • 6- Defence, Aeronautics and Space Industries
  • 7- Agriculture and Food
  • 8- Machinery and Materials
  • 9- Transportation and Tourism
  • 10- Chemicals
  • 11-Textiles
  • 12- Construction and Infrastructure

20
TECHNOLOGY FORESIGHT PROJECT
  • Methods
  • Panels
  • Socio-economic Panels
  • Thematic Panels
  • Delphi Survey

(Technology Demand)
(Technology Supply)
21
Socio-economic Panels
  • Socio-economic panels will
  • Assess technological/economic/structural
    conditions in Turkey and the world, and main
    drivers of change
  • Construct vision(s) of future
  • Determine technological capabilities necessary to
    make the vision(s) realizable
  • Conduct SWOT analysis on those capabilities test
    the feasibility of vision(s)
  • Determine supporting issues and trends, as well
    as underpinning technologies (technology
    demand)
  • Recommend policies necessary to gain those
    technological capabilities.

22
Thematic Panels
  • Thematic panels will be formed on
  • cross-cutting issues and
  • cross-cutting technologies
  • raised/demanded by socio-economics panels (and by
    the Steering Committee)
  • Another thematic panel is to be formed
  • to synthesize the panel findings and proposals,
    and to build a science and technology vision.

23

24
RD Experts Database(ARBIS)
  • Interactive (Web based)
  • Available since October 2003
  • Number of records 12.000
  • Estimated number of researchers 70.000 (head
    count)
  • All sectors
  • Content of Questionnare
  • Demographic
  • Educational
  • Work place
  • RD Activities information

25
Number of RD Personel per 1000 Workforce
(Regional Distribution) (ARBIS)
26
National RD Infrastructure Database (TARABIS)
  • Interactive (Web based)
  • Available since October 2004
  • Number of records 500 Labs
  • Price 10.000
  • The questions will be answered by RD department
    chairperson or facility directors
  • Content of Questionnare
  • Demographic
  • Work place
  • Age and value of the instruments
  • RD Activities

27
Main Science and Technology Indicators
Number of Triadic Patents per million people
2,5
2
1,5
Number of scientist per 1000 workforce
Number of Articles per million people
1
0,5
0
Gross Expenditure on RD as percantage of GDP
RD Expenditure per capita
EU-15 Values(2000-2001)
RD Expenditure per capita 467. 6 (PPP )
Number of Triadic Patents per million people36
Gross Expenditure on RD as percantage of GDP
1,89
Number of Articles per million people 822
Number of scientist per 1000 workforce 10.4
28
Main Science and Technology Indicators
Number of Triadic Patents per million people
1
Number of Articles per million people
Number of scientist per 1000 workforce
0,5
Gross Expenditure on RD as percantage of GDP
RD Expenditure per capita
EU-15 Values(2000-2001)
RD Expenditure per capita 467. 6 (PPP )
Number of Triadic Patents per million people36
Gross Expenditure on RD as percantage of GDP
1,89
Number of Articles per million people 822
Number of scientist per 1000 workforce 10.4
29
Scientific Publications
30
Share of TÜBITAK in Government-financed GERD
2004 205 Million
2005 526 Million
TÜBITAK- The Scientific and Technical Research
Counsil of Turkey DPT- State Planning Organizatio
n KOSGEB- Small and Medium Sized Industry and Dev
elopment Organizations DTM-Foreign Trade and the
Treasury
31
Vision 2023
TECHNOLOGY FORESIGHT
TECHNOLOGY INVENTORY (with State Institute of
Statisics)

RD MANPOWER (ARBIS)
RD INFRASTRUCTURE (TARABIS)
2003-2023 STRATEGY DOCUMENT ST Vision Strateg
ic Technologies and RD Priorities
Policy Recommendations
32
Research Project Proposals
33
Running Research Projects
34
New Programs
  • Research Project Support Program for Governmental
    Organizations
  • Young Career Program
  • Pre-Career Program
  • Senior Career Program
  • MS Ph.D Grands (National Research Priority
    Field)
  • Evrena (Universal Research Program)
  • Techno-initiative Competition Program
  • Science and City
  • Science and Region

35
THANK YOU....
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