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Obstetrics and

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ovulation: expulsion of a mature ovum. conception or fertilization: beginning of pregnancy ... (fallopian tube) / cv / (pregnancy) Neonatology Disease and ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Obstetrics and


1
Chapter 9
  • Obstetrics and
  • Neonatology

2
Terms Relating to Pregnancy
  • gamete mature germ cell
  • ovulation expulsion of a mature ovum
  • conception or fertilization beginning of
    pregnancy
  • zygote cell formed from the union of the sperm
    and ovum
  • gestation period from conception to birth

3
Terms Relating to Pregnancy
  • implantation, nidation embedding of the zygote
    in the uterine lining
  • embryo unborn offspring from implantation to end
    of second month of pregnancy
  • fetus unborn offspring from beginning of the
    third month of pregnancy until birth

4
ObstetricsStructures
  • amniotic sac membranous bag that surrounds the
    fetus before delivery
  • chorion outermost layer of the fetal membrane
  • amnion innermost layer of the fetal membrane
  • amniotic fluid fluid within the amniotic sac
  • placenta, or afterbirth grows on the wall of the
    uterus during pregnancy allows for nourishment

5
Ovulation, Fertilization, and Implantation
6
Development of the Fetus
7
Human Male Fetus at 68 Days (47 mm)
  • A, Right B, front C, left.

8
Combining Forms for Obstetrics and Neonatology
  • amni/o, amnion/o
  • chori/o
  • embry/o
  • fet/o, fet/i
  • gravid/o

9
Combining Forms for Obstetrics and Neonatology
(contd)
  • lact/o
  • nat/o
  • omphal/o
  • par/o, part/o
  • puerper/o

10
Combining Forms Commonly Used in Obstetrics and
Neonatology
  • cephal/o
  • esophag/o
  • Pelv/i, pelv/o
  • prim/i
  • pseud/o
  • pylor/o

11
Prefixes
  • ante-, pre
  • micro-
  • multi-
  • nulli-
  • post-

12
Suffixes
  • -amnios
  • -cyesis
  • -partum
  • -rrhexis
  • -tocia
  • um noun suffix, no meaning
  • us noun suffix, no meaning

13
Word Parts with Similar Meanings
14
Four -rrh Suffixes Presented
15
Obstetric Disease and Disorder Terms Built From
Word Parts
  • amnionitis
  • choriocarcinoma
  • dystocia
  • embryotocia
  • hysterorrhexis
  • oligohydramnios
  • polyhydramnios
  • salpingocyesis

16
Obstetric Disease and Disorder Terms Not Built
from Word Parts
  • abortion
  • abruptio placentae
  • eclampsia
  • ectopic pregnancy
  • placenta previa
  • preeclampsia

17
Abruptio Placentae
18
Placenta Previa
19
  • (fallopian tube) / cv / (pregnancy)

20
Neonatology Disease and Disorder Terms Built from
Word Parts
  • microcephalus
  • omphalitis
  • omphalocele
  • pyloric stenosis

21
  • (umbilicus) / cv / (herniation)

22
Neonatology Disease and Disorder Terms Not Built
from Word Parts
  • cleft lip and palate
  • Down syndrome
  • esophageal atresia
  • gastroschisis
  • respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)
  • spina bifida

23
Esophageal Atresia
24
Obstetric Surgical Terms Built from Word Parts
  • amniotomy
  • episiotomy

25
Obstetric Diagnostic Terms Built from Word Parts
  • Diagnostic imaging
  • pelvic sonography
  • Other
  • amniocentesis
  • amnioscope

26
  • (amniotic fluid) / cv / (surgical puncture to
    aspirate fluid)

27
Complementary Terms
  • amniorrhea
  • amniorrhexis
  • antepartum
  • fetal
  • gravida
  • intrapartum
  • lactogenic
  • multigravida

28
Complementary Terms (contd)
  • neonate
  • neonatology
  • neonatologist
  • nullipara
  • prenatal
  • postnatal
  • postpartum
  • primigravida
  • pseudocyesis

29
Complementary Terms Not Built from Word Parts
  • breech presentation
  • cesarean section (C/S, C-section)
  • congenital anomaly
  • meconium
  • obstetrician
  • parturition
  • premature infant
  • puerperium

30
Ultrasound of Forearm
  • s, skinline m, muscle w, wrist h, hand.

31
Abbreviations
  • C/S, C-section
  • EDD
  • EDB
  • DOB
  • LMP
  • LNMP
  • multip
  • NB
  • OB
  • RDS
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