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My Experience in Scientific Writing

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Science, Nature, PNAS, Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Annual Review of Ecology ... Journal of Ecology, Journal of Applied Ecology, Functional Ecology, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: My Experience in Scientific Writing


1
My Experience in Scientific Writing
  • Shiqiang Wan

2
Before Manuscript Writing
  • Read Paper from the Flagship Journals
  • Keep reading (at least one paper per week)
  • Write paper review (2-3 pages), one per week

3
Recommended Flagship Journals of Ecology and
Botany
  • Science, Nature, PNAS, Trends in Ecology and
    Evolution, Annual Review of Ecology and
    Sysmatics,
  • Ecology, Ecological Monographs, Ecological
    Applications, Frontiers in Ecology and
    Environment,
  • Journal of Ecology, Journal of Applied Ecology,
    Functional Ecology,
  • American Naturalist, Oecologia, Oikos,
  • Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and
    Systematics
  • Ecology Letters, Ecosystems,
  • Global Change Biology, Global Biogeochemical
    Cycles, Global Ecology Biogeography
  • Journal of Experimental Botany, Plant, Cell,
    Environment
  • New Phytologist, American Journal of Botany,
  • Soil Biology Biochemistry, Plant and Soil

4
????????
  • 1.????12??,????,????????,??????????????
  • 2.?????,???A?A-?B?B-?C?C-?D?D-?????
  • 3.??????????????????????????????????
  • 4.???????????????????????????????
  • 5.??????????
  • 6.????????????????????????
  • 7.???????????,???????????,????????????
  • 8.?????????,???????,????,??????????????????????

5
Scope
Introduction Background
Methods
Results
Discussion Implications
6
Make idea go smoothly and consistently
Introduction
a
b
Results
c
Discussion
7
Tips
  • Introduction present tense
  • Methods and Result past tense
  • Discussion present tense

8
Begin from Which Section?
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Introduction
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Abstract

9
Results
  • The most important issue Data Mining Play with
    your data!
  • Define all the possible relationships among
    parameters
  • Prepare the figures and tables in the way that be
    used in the manuscript
  • Select most relevant and significant results that
    can make the study a good story

10
The right way to present interactions
  • The main effects of both warming (Plt0.05) and
    increasing precipitation (Plt0.05) were
    statistically significant. Warming stimulated Y
    by ?? whereas precipitation reduced it by ??
  • Warming and increased precipitation interacted to
    affect Y (Plt0.01). Warming reduced Y by ?? under
    ambient precipitation, but increased it by ??
    under increased precipitation. Increased
    precipitation enhanced Y by?? without warming
    and suppressed it by ?? warming, respectively.

11
Discussion
  • Comparison of your results with others
  • Seek for the underlying mechanisms of the changes
    in the measured parameters.
  • Implications or extrapolations of your findings.
  • Define unresolved questions for future research

12
Discussion
  • Complex interactions among multiple ecological
    components and processes require to explain
    changes in one variable with all other variables
    with available data.
  • When explaining your result, do not to speculate
    unless you can support your argument with data in
    your or previous studies.

13
Discussion
  • Do not repeat results
  • Wrong There were significant effects of warming
    increased precipitation interactions on
    cumulative root production, mortality.
  • Right Significant effects of warming increased
    precipitation interactions on cumulative root
    production, mortality observed in this study
    suggest

14
Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Correct judgment on progress of the research
    related to your study.
  • Define critical scientific questions that have
    not been answered yet and can, at least partly,
    be answered in your study.
  • Propose hypotheses based on solid findings and
    reasonable speculation

15
Conclusion
  • Concise and informative.

16
Abstract
  • Importance, methods, major findings, conclusion
  • Numerical presentation
  • Talk-home message that you can describe your
    study with one sentence and the reader can
    remember your study easily.

17
  • Do not use LONG sentence, separate it into
    several short sentences each with its own major
    point.

18
For Chinese Authors
  • Put Given (first) Name (?) first, then Family
    name (?).
  • Shiqiang Wan or S. Wan in US, Wan, Shiqiang
    or Wan S in UK

19
Other
  • Capital case at the beginning of the sentence
  • Use one tense in a sentence
  • Check ?????????????
  • Do not always use And, So, But, While at
    the beginning of the sentence.
  • Use in rather than of after change,
    difference, Reduction Increase, Decrease
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