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Areas of Applied Linguistics

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Applied linguists, psycholinguists, and neurolinguists have been working to find ... to other sciences like psychology, education, medicine, computer science, etc. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Areas of Applied Linguistics


1
Areas of Applied Linguistics?
2
  • Youve seen the definitions of
  • the term AL and how this science
  • tries to solve problems arise in area
  • of language learning or acquisition.
  • Now well see what areas AL can
  • cover.

3
Areas of AL
  • Language teaching
  • Language policy language planning
  • Speech pathology/therapy
  • Lexicography and dictionary making
  • Translation interpretation
  • Computer assisted language learning

4
Language Teaching
AL can be seen as providing the intellectual
basis for advances in language teaching in
numerous contexts in a number of countries.
5
Language Teaching
AL does not take developments in linguistics and
look for ways of applying them to teaching.
Instead, the problems faced in language teaching
are solved with the help of linguistics
6
Language Policy and Language Planning
AL has often been a great source of minimizing
complex social, political, economic,
linguistic, and cultural tensions.
7
Language Policy and Language Planning
AL plays a vital role in planning the national
or local language(s) of concerned countries. AL
assists language planners by providing answers
to questions like to whom the policy/plan
applies and at what level.
8
Speech Therapy/Pathology
Speech therapy/pathology is activities and
exercises designed to help relieve or overcome
language problems or speech defects or to help
someone regain the use of speech after having
suffered speech loss.
9
Speech Therapy/Pathology
AL incorporates into many professional training
courses for treating patients with speech
disorders by speech therapists.
10
Speech Therapy/Pathology
Applied linguists, psycholinguists, and
neurolinguists have been working to find how
language develops in the brain, and how brain
injuries affect both language memory and language
production.
11
Speech Therapy/Pathology
A number of clinics and research labs attached to
departments of linguistics and applied
linguistics in various universities were found to
help treat speech disorders or problems in speech
production.
12
Lexicography and Dictionary Making
A new generation of lexicographers has emerged
whose loyalty lie with AL. Sinclairs Cobuild
Dictionary (1987) is a principal example of the
way applied linguists contribute to lexicography.
13
Lexicography and Dictionary Making
This dictionary is a computerized database
designed to link the learning of vocabulary
thematically to real-world communicative contexts.
14
Translation and Interpretation
The training of translators and interpreters
now often includes training in AL, specifically
in the area of contrastive analysis where the
translator is trained to point out the areas of
similarities and differences between languages
concerned.
15
Computer Assisted Language Learning
Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) and
Computer-Assisted Language Instruction (CALI)
have emerged as a result of the spread use of the
computers to take advantages of this technology
in the field of learning and teaching languages.
16
Computer Assisted Language Learning
Many programmes and software have been
developed to assist in learning and teaching
languages.
17
CALL / CAI
  • Teaching programme presented by a computer in a
    sequence. The student responds on the computer,
    and the computer indicates whether the responses
    are correct or in correct.

18
CALL / CAI
  • The use of computer to monitor students progress
    and direct them to the appropriate lessons,
    material, etc.

19
CALL / CAI
  • The use of computer to provide exploratory
    environments for language learning by presenting
    problems in need for resolution and providing
    tools for further learning.

20
We have so far discussed some of the
applications of the findings of AL in relation to
other sciences like psychology, education,
medicine, computer science, etc.
21
In relation to our main aim as language
teachers, we will see how AL concentrates on the
study of second and foreign language learning and
acquisition. It concentrates more on the
language learner. In fact, it considers the
language learners as the centre of the whole
learning process.
See this
22
Applied Linguistics
acquisition
behaviour
processing of the language
The Learner
strategies
motivation
errors
attitude aptitude
23
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