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First Semester

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Title: First Semester


1
First Semester
  • World History Final Exam

2
  • The Spanish explorers brought these to the
    Americas.

3
  • Horses

4
Africa is the continent where we have found the
earliest existence of
5
Humans
6
This Spanish explorer invaded Mexico and
conquered the Aztecs.
7
Cortez
8
The climate and geography in Egypt, India, the
Tigris and Euphrates Valley, and ____ encouraged
nomads to stop their wandering ways and to build
permanent civilizations.(name the fourth area)
9
China
10
European goods were traded for these, which were
then brought to colonial plantations in the
Americas.
11
Slaves
12
What type of government selects representatives
to rule?
13
Republic
14
What is considered to be the birthplace of the
Republic form of government?
15
Rome
16
  • The ________ was one of three governing bodies of
    the Roman Republic, it was most powerful because
    it controlled the public funds and decided
    foreign policy.

17
  • Senate

18
  • Who spread the Greek Culture in his quest to rule
    the world?

19
  • Alexander the Great

20
A _____ Age is when a civilization experiences
peace and prosperity, with great advancements in
art, literature, math, and science.
21
Golden
22
The Holy Book of Islam is
23
The Quran
24
The most sacred holy text of Judaism is
25
The Torah
26
The most holy collection of writings for those
who practice Hinduism are the
27
Vedas
28
Name the religionChurch of the Holy
Sepulcherworship on SundaysHoly Trinity
29
Christianity
30
Like archaeologists, ___ studies bones,
artifacts, and anything else a culture leaves
behind to better understand what life was like in
earlier times.(name the occupation)
31
Anthropologists
32
These were sold by the Catholic Church. Those who
bought them considered them to be tickets into
heaven.
33
Indulgences
34
Jerusalem is perhaps the most troubled city in
history, in part because these three religions
claim it to be their own.
35
JudaismChristianityIslam
36
He started his own religion in order to get a
divorce from his wife, something the Pope refused
to do for this man who had been called the
Defender of the Faith by the Catholic Church.
37
Henry VIII
38
A civilization that has many different religions
and ethnic groups is described as having Cultural
_______.
39
Diversity
40
The fundamental goal of Buddhism is to end
suffering and sorrow by
41
stop wanting what you dont have
42
Written in Babylon, this code established written
laws and helped to create a stable society.
43
Code of Hammurabi
44
People today admire the art and architecture left
behind by these three great civilizations of
South and Central America.
45
AztecIncaMaya
46
The Aztec and Incas could not defeat the
conquistadors of _____ because their advanced
weapons, armor and use of horses made the
invaders too powerful. (name the country)
47
Spain
48
_____ is the belief that the soul sheds one body,
and returns to inhabit another one.
49
Reincarnation
50
Some of the earliest forms of known writing are
Mesopotamian cuneiform and Egyptian _____.
51
Hieroglyphics
52
The Neolithic Revolution refers to a time when
people developed languages and government and
formed organized communities because they were
settling in one place rather than wandering from
place to place as _____.
53
Nomads
54
Who taught these?honor your familyrespect
your eldersthe educated should run for
officethe group is more important than the
individual
55
Confucius
56
The Ancient Greeks were great sailors and trade
was very important to them. This is not
surprising because they had great ____ where
ships could easily dock and thousands of miles of
coastline.
57
harbors
58
Large empires understood early on that you need
to build quality ___ so people can easily travel
across your vast empire.
59
Roads
60
Surplus ___ was very important to early
civilizations because it allowed the population
of small villages to grow, it let people do jobs
other than farming, and people could stay in one
place rather than living as nomads.
61
Food
62
This religion separates people into different
social groups, called castes.
63
Hinduism
64
Name the religion KarmaDharmaSamsaraVegetarian
ism
65
Hindu
66
The geography of Greece prevented it from
becoming a strong united empire. Instead, many
small ___-___, such as Athens and Sparta were
formed.
67
city-states
68
What do we have today that in part came from
Ancient Rome?our alphabeta republic form of
governmenta belief in the need for a set of ___
and a court of justice
69
laws
70
Christians, Jews and Muslims all have guides to
ethical behavior, including the Ten Commandments
and the Five ___ of Islam
71
Pillars
72
The kingdoms of western Africa had great wealth
from gold, ivory, and ____, which is used to
improve the taste food and to help preserve it.
73
salt
74
The Japanese Samurai followed a code of behavior
called Bushido.The European Knights followed a
code called ___.
75
Chivalry
76
These are all reasons for the collapse of the __
__.economic problems attack by German
barbariansweak governments run by frequently
assassinated rulers
77
Roman Empire
78
The Birthplace of Democracy is considered to
be____, ____
79
Athens, Greece
80
Europeans tried many times to win back the Holy
Land from control by Muslims. What were these
series of battles called?
81
The Crusades
82
Name the social system with a King who rules over
nobles who own the land and knights who protect
the manors.
83
Feudalism
84
In Feudalism, it was the_____ who did most of
the work and paid most of the taxes.
85
peasants
86
People exchanged both goods and ideas in
the West Africa Trading System, during the
Crusades, and as they traveled back and forth
to China along the ___ Road.
87
Silk
88
The Shinto belief is most often practiced in ___,
a country where nature is dramatically present in
the form of earthquakes, volcanoes, typhoons and
tsunamis.
89
Japan
90
The Shinto respect for ___ is an important theme
in the artwork of Japan.
91
nature
92
They could not agree on who should be the leader
of their faith(a pope-like figure) and so they
divided into 2 groupsthe Shiites and the
Sunni.Name the Religion
93
Islam
94
Some rainforest cultures, both past and present,
clear the land by cutting down the trees, burning
them, and fertilizing the soil with the ashes.
This is called Slash and ____.
95
Burn
96
Name the religionHajjAllahQuranMuhammad
97
Islam
98
In the guild system, you could work as an ____ or
journeyman until you had learned all of the
skills offered by the master craftsman.
99
apprentice
100
Many cultures believe that the authority of kings
come from God, who has put them in office. In
Europe, this is referred to as _____ Right.
101
Divine
102
In Asia, those who have Divine Right are referred
to as having a
103
Mandate of Heaven
104
The manors in a Feudal society made everything
the people there needed to live. They were
considered to beself-_____.
105
sufficient
106
What Church takes a look at itself and defines
its major beliefs and practices during the
Counter Reformation?
107
The Roman Catholic Church
108
Many consider him to be one of the most important
explorers of the timenot because of where he was
going, but because of the trade that resulted
from his journeys.
109
Christopher Columbus
110
The Renaissance in Europe was a time when a great
deal of emphasis was placed on the ancient
cultures of __ and __.
111
Greece and Rome
112
Triangle trade refers to the path that ships from
Europe took. Carrying finished products for
factories, they next sailed to Africa where they
picked up __ to be sold in the Western Hemisphere.
113
slaves
114
After unloading their cargo and the slaves in
North and South America, the ships completed the
triangle by loading up ___ ___ from
their colonies in the Americas and sailed back to
Europe.
115
raw materials
116
The literacy rate of the world increases
dramatically with this invention.
117
Printing Press
118
During the ___ ___ these men become famous for
starting their own religions.Martin Luther
Henry VIIIJohn Calvin
119
Protestant Reformation
120
The quest by Christians to gain back the Holy
Land is called
121
The Crusades
122
The Holy Land is in the present day country of
123
Israel
124
Who would have said The ends justify the
means.andHave you read my book, The
Prince?
125
Machiavelli
126
The Renaissance begins in ___ because the people
theresuch as the Medici familyhad the money to
become patrons of the arts.(name the country)
127
Italy
128
Name the ArtistThe Last SupperMona Lisathe
worlds first Renaissance Man
129
Leonardo da Vinci
130
Name the ArtistSistine Chapelsculpture of
DavidI just carve away the marble from the
figure that is within.
131
Michelangelo
132
Name the AuthorHamletRomeo and JulietteI
included over 1500 words that had never been
published before in my writings.
133
Shakespeare
134
Mercantilism is the belief that countries should
have ___ for 2 reasons. First, as good places to
get resources from.Second, they make great
markets for buying your finished products.
135
Colonies
136
This is the name for the 10 tax the Catholic
Church collected from people.
137
Tithe
138
An ___ monarchy is when a King has complete power
and believes that his people should never
challenge his authority.
139
Absolute
140
During the Enlightenment, great thinkers such as
Locke and Montesquieu were called____.
141
philosophes
142
An example of a great philosophe of the
Enlightenment, John Locke wrote that man had
natural rights, such as the rights to life,
liberty, and ___.
143
property
144
The Kings and Queens of England do not have the
power today that they once did, because
Parliament ended up with most of the power after
the __ Revolutionso named because there was no
bloodshed.
145
Glorious
146
The power of the English ___ was limited by Magna
Carta, the Petition of Right, and the English
Bill of Rights.
147
King
148
Name the Enlightenment philosopherFreedom Of
Speech
149
Voltaire
150
Name the Enlightenment AuthorA government with
checks and balances
151
Montesquieu
152
Name two great Czars that expanded Russia in
search of warm water ports.
153
Peter the GreatCatherine the Great
154
He taught Laissez-Faire economics, stating that
the government needed to stay out of the way of
businesses.
155
The Father of EconomicsAdam Smith
156
The King spent to much of his peoples money
helping the American colonists win their
revolution.The middle class and peasants paid
most of the taxes.The estates voted by order,
not by head.The ideas of the Enlightenment
influenced the people to act.All of these are
causes of the ___ ___.
157
French Revolution
158
He tried (but failed) to block Englands ports
and to take over Russia, but he did successfully
take control of the areas now known as Italy,
Germany and Spain.Name Him
159
Napoleon Bonaparte
160
Alexander I pulled Napoleon into Russia and used
the ___ ___ strategyletting Russias
huge size and its brutal winters do what the
people of Russia could not.
161
scorched earth
162
Uprisings in Latin America and the slave colonies
in the Caribbean were all inspired by the
writings from the Enlightenment and the nearby
American ____.
163
Revolution
164
Before the French Revolution, the peasants and
middle class made up 97 of the population, but
did not have much of a say in the government
because votes were done by social classes, called
_____, and the 1st and 2nd always voted against
them.
165
Estates
166
Liberals in Europe wanted to eliminate absolute
monarchs, allow people to run their own business,
allow all males to vote, and to write ___ that
protected the basic rights of the citizens.
167
Constitutions
168
During the Age of Enlightenment, people stopped
believing in magic and were less superstitious.
This is why this period is also known as the ___
___ ___.
169
Age of Reason
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