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Southern Africa Development Cooperation SADC Gender Equality Protocol

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Title: Southern Africa Development Cooperation SADC Gender Equality Protocol


1
Southern Africa Development Cooperation (SADC)
Gender Equality Protocol
Presented By Lois Chingandu Executive Director
SAfAIDS On behalf of Southern African Gender
Protocol Alliance
2
  • The Road from a Declaration to a Protocol

3
Outline of Presentation
  • Brief Description of Campaign and Lobby for a
    SADC Gender Equality Protocol
  • Context
  • Initiative
  • Lessons
  • What Now?
  • Actions

4
Context
  • Efforts to promote gender equality, equity and
    womens rights in Africa has gained momentum over
    the past 10 years thus setting the stage for the
    further gains.
  • Yet.2005 was a significant year for several
    reasons
  • It was the 25th anniversary of SADC.
  • It was the tenth anniversary of the Fourth World
    Conference on Women in Beijing.
  • It was the deadline set in the SADC Declaration
    on Gender and Development for the achievement of
    30 women in all areas of decision-making.
  • In September, leaders from around the world
    reviewed progress towards the implementation of
    the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) five
    years after their adoption.

5
Initiative Campaign for Gender Protocol
  • Audit
  • Key Findings
  • Key Recommendations
  • The single greatest challenge identified in the
    audit is to move the SADC region from an era of
    commitments to an era of implementation
  • The main recommendation arising from the audit
    was that
  • Heads of State adopt a Protocol to Accelerate
    Gender Equality in SADC This would entail
    elevating the SADC Declaration on Gender and
    Development into a Protocol, as contemplated in
    Article 26 of the Addendum to the Declaration on
    the Prevention and Eradication of Violence
    Against Women and Children which makes provision
    for the adoption of legally binding instruments.

6
Rationale for the Protocol
  • The Protocol breaks new ground globally by
    incorporating and enhancing all existing
    commitments
  • The Protocol incorporates all existing targets
    and also sets realistic, achievable targets where
    these do not exist
  • The Protocol is accompanied by an action
    planning framework

7
Members of the ALLIANCE
  • The SADC Gender Protocol Alliance comprises
  • Botswana Council of NGOs (BOCONGO)
  • Federation of African Media Women (FAMW)
  • SADC
  • Gender Links (GL)
  • Gender and Media Southern Africa Network (GEMSA)
  • Justice and Peace (Lesotho)
  • Malawi Council of Churches
  • Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA)
  • NGO Gender Coordination Network Malawi
  • SAFAIDS
  • Society for Women and AIDS in Africa Zambia
    (SWAAZ)
  • Women in Law and Development in Africa (WILDAF)
  • Women in Law in Southern Africa (WLSA)
  • Women, Land and Water Rights Southern Africa
    (WLWRSA)
  • Women in Politics Caucus Botswana
  • Womens Leadership Centre Namibia
  • Young Womens Christian Association Botswana
    (YWCA)

8
Key steps
  • 2005 Work started with the Audit done by CSOs
  • Findings presented in Botswana which gave birth
    to the Southern Africa Gender Protocol Alliance
  • SADC Gender Unit fully involved and driving the
    process
  • UN systems not openly involved
  • Donor support was minimal but later increased
  • August 2005-1st attempt to have it signed at the
    HOS summit in Botswana- Failed HOS accepted the
    50 women in decision making but silent on the
    protocol.

9
  • 1st Key Lessons learnt were
  • Go for the big picture
  • HOS think narrowly about gender equality. Most
    think its about jobs for women
  • Media was key to put the agenda on the map
  • Country consultations were key

10
2nd Step
  • Target the next Summit in 2006 in Zambia
  • Presentations at the round table meeting of
    gender ministers in Angola Sept 2005 to seek
    support for protocol. Communique that
    acknowledged the need to do more in gender and to
    accelerate any legislation that will facilitate
    change

11
  • Formation of a Regional Protocol Task Force (2
    CIVIL SOCIETY, TROIKA,SADC Gender Unit and
    chaired by Lesotho PS for Gender and incoming
    SADC chair
  • Draft template of the protocol developed
  • Dec 2005- Regional Consultative Conference held
    to discuss template

12
  • June 2006- Meeting of Protocol experts roundtable
    and Task force to review Zero Draft 1 and Map out
    advocacy strategy
  • SADC Legal unit joined to advice on process and
    language
  • Road map developed
  • Missed 2006 summit

13
  • Road Map to 2007

Zero Draft 2 Aug 2006
Draft Framework April 2006
Zero Draft 1 May 2006
Adopted and signed Aug 2007
Zero draft 3 Oct 06
2nd Draft August 2007
1st draft June 2007
Zero Draft 5 May 2007
Zero Draft 4 March 2007
14
  • 2nd lesson was the involvement of the legal unit
    was key to help us understand how things work in
    SADC
  • Led us to become more real about process and to
    do it right
  • July 2006 Regional Protocol Campaign writing and
    IT skills workshop by Genderlinks

15
  • National Consultations began to review Zero Draft
    1-Zero Draft 2
  • Regional Seminar Officials for Gender and Justice
    Ministries reviewed Zero draft 2-3
  • Ministers of Gender and Senior Officials reviewed
    Zero draft 3-4
  • Ministers of Justice and senior officials
    reviewed Zero draft 4-5
  • Integrated Council of Ministers reviewed Zero
    daft 5 which became the First Draft
  • Council of Ministers reviewed first and second
    draft to Head of States Summit.

16
  • August 2007- Protocol Rejected at the Zambia
    Summit.
  • Outcry from Civil Society
  • Draft watered down
  • Back to the drawing board
  • Developed the Livingstone Draft with 19 section
    instead of the 14 recommended

17
  • Fresh Lobbying in country and at regional level
    focused on the 8 areas
  • dropped in Zambia through the same road map again
  • 2008 HOS in South Africa- After 7 drafts and
    three years of lobbying the protocol was signed
    although still opposed and Botswana and Mauritius

18
  • 3rd Lessons
  • Policy Change Takes Time and Requires Long-term
    support
  • Partnerships are Key Between Civil Society and
    Government at National and Regional level.
  • Staying Focused
  • Civil Society Leadership is key

19
Challenges
  • SADC countries are not necessarily at the same
    level of understanding of gender
  • Country priorities and sensitivities, cultures
    differ
  • The many levels of reviews does not necessarily
    make the document better-new people, new thinking
  • Areas of contention in Zambia (terminology can
    derail and water down a good document)

20
What Now?
  • The adoption of the Protocol in August 2008,
    marks the beginning of the most critical
    processes, namely ratification, implementation
    and monitoring.
  • The Alliance has identified at least 5 actions
    that need to take place in the next three years

21
Role of Civil Society in the implementation
process
  • 1.To mobilise for the ratification of the
    Protocol
  • According to the legal requirement, a Protocol
    shall come into force upon ratification by a two
    thirds majority of SADC Member States. Only then
    can it enforceable and Member states shall have a
    legal obligation to comply with the commitments
    as set out.

22
  • Action
  • Alliance members immediately engage with relevant
    stakeholders in particular the governments in
    country, to ensure that the ratification occurs
    in record time, in order that implementation
    effectively begins.
  • Alliance members would have to lobby and
    advocate in country, including political
    engagement with relevant ministries with a view
    to pushing for ratification of the Protocol.

23
  • 2.Raise awareness on the content of the Protocol
    at national and regional levels
  • Use various media and other forums to raise
    awareness on the content of the Protocol. i.e
  • news supplements, opinions and commentaries for
    various media, as well as information brochures
    and posters.

24
3. Strengthen meaningful coordination of the
Protocol campaign
  • Meaningful coordination of Alliance work, is
    essential if momentum is to be sustained, remain
    systematic and make an impact.
  • Create in country Clusters
  • supported by expert advisors, these clusters will
    form powerful voices to make input and lobby at
    relevant processes, whilst serving as a reference
    point on the specific thematic issue for the rest
    of the Alliance members.
  • Specifically the clusters shall play a key role
    in tracking and monitoring compliance with the
    Protocol by SADC governments, and supporting
    country processes in terms of monitoring and
    tracking, as well as technical input into
    monitoring work at country level.

25
4. Develop indicators and evaluate progress
towards achieving targets and benchmarks in the
Protocol
  • develop indicators for measuring progress in all
    areas of concern as outlined in the protocol at
    country level
  • Alliance members are to take a lead role in
    monitoring progress towards compliance with the
    commitments in the Protocol. Through the
    production of parallel reports documenting
    progress, and based on a clear set of indicators.
  • Produce annual reports in all 14 SADC countries,
    beginning 2009.

26
5.Develop the skills set of Alliance members to
apply for a successful campaign
  • Enhancing the knowledge and skills set of
    Alliance members to leverage the Protocol in
    their work
  • Use every strategy review/planning meeting as a
    training ground for members.

27
6.Document and evaluate the campaign
  • The Alliance experience of working on the
    development, adoption and implementation of the
    Protocol provides a good case study for reference
    and learning by other networks

28
  • Produce an audit of progress achieved in 2010.
    This will be five years after the first audit
    conducted by NGOs in 2005 that is the baseline

29
Conclusion
  • More attention need to be paid to countries that
    were in opposition
  • Do not loose sight of the processes and
    strategies we used in the lobbying
  • The role of the SADC Gender Unit will remain key
  • Do not over individualize the countries

30
Thank You
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