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GIS INFRASTRUCTURAL NEEDS AT A TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF UL

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Map Africa 2007, Cape Town. OVERVEW OF PRESENTATION. 1. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND ... A choropleth Map showing deafness as a rep of 100 000 African ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GIS INFRASTRUCTURAL NEEDS AT A TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF UL


1
GIS INFRASTRUCTURAL NEEDS AT A
TERTIARY INSTITUTION IN AFRICA A CASE STUDY OF
UL
  • Ray Pillay
  • Department of Geography Environmental Studies,
  • University of Limpopo, Polokwane
  • Email pillayr_at_ul.ac.za
  • Map Africa
    2007, Cape Town

2
  • OVERVEW OF PRESENTATION

1. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND 2. THE
OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH STUDY   3. DISCUSSION
ON GIS INFRASTRUCTURAL ISSUES 3.1
Function/Purpose   3.2 Technological
Resources   3.3 Human Resources   3.4
Financial Administrative Resources   3.5
Future Proofing   4. BENEFITS IMPORTANCE TO
AFRICAs NEEDS   5. RECOMMENDATIONS   6.
CONCLUDING REMARKS
3
Introduction Background
  • GIS technology are increasing being used by a
    myraid of organizations across the world in both
    the private and public sectors.
  • This exponential demand challenges university
    researchers and academics to evaluate their GIS
    infrastructural requisites at both the graduate
    postgraduate scale.
  • Administrators those not directly connected
    with using the facility are of the view that a
    GIS Laboratory is self-sustaining.

4
(No Transcript)
5
Is GISs just …
  • My contention is that it also has to address the
    following
  • - Technological,
  • - Human,
  • - Material,
  • - Administrative and
  • - Financial issues
  • To be functionally successful.

6
LITERATURE EXPLANATIONS
  • According to Rhind (1989) a GIS is a computer
    system that can hold and use data describing
    places on the earths surface.
  • ... in GIS the common purpose is decision making
    for managing the us of land, resources,
    transportation, retailing, oceans or any
    spatially distributed entities (NCGIA, 1989).

7
GIS Integrates All Types of Data
Geography is a key
Real World
8
GIS is built on knowledge of various academic
disciplines
  • That includes
  • Geography
  • Cartography
  • Location Science
  • Computer Science
  • Data Modelling
  • Database Design
  • Computer Graphics
  • Interface Design
  • Mathematics
  • Topology
  • Graph Theory
  • Geometry
  • Statistics
  • Traditional Statistics
  • Spatial Statistics
  • Information Science
  • Storage Retrieval Methods
  • Metadata Documentation
  • Integrated into ? a GIS

9
Some GIS Application Arears
  • Agriculture
  • Forestry Wildlife Management
  • National, State, County, Regional, Local mapping
    and geographic inventory
  • Archaeology
  • Geology
  • Oil and gas exploration and production
  • Municipal Applications
  • Streets
  • Properties/Cadastre
  • Facilities
  • Utilities
  • Water, Sewer, Storm Sewer
  • Environment
  • Areas/Districts
  • Utility Applications
  • Electric
  • Gas
  • Telephone
  • Cable Television

10
Data integration The linking of information in
different forms through a GIS.
11
RESEARCH AIMS
  • To examine the necessary infrastructural
    requisites at a Tertiary Institution in Africa.

12
OBJECTIVES
  • 1)To examine the technological, human, financial
    and administrative resources required to put in
    place a functional GIS teaching program at a
    tertiary institution
  • 2) To highlight the core GIS Curriculum its
    necessary pre-requisites for teaching GIS at a
    tertiary institution in Africa using The
    University of Limpopo, S. Africa as a Case study.

13
  • KEY INFRASTRUCTURAL ISSUES

The main infrastructural issues are 1
Function / or Purpose,   2 Technological
Resources,   3 Human Resources,   4
Financial Administrative
Resources, and   5 Future Proofing.  
14
FUNCTION /or PURPOSE OF A GIS TRAINING FACILITY
  • In designing developing the support
    infrastructure, clear recognition of the intended
    purpose and desired outcomes is critical for
    successful implementation of a GIS graduate
    and/or postgraduate program.
  • There is no single model that can be employed by
    all in the development of an infrastructure to
    support GIS education.
  • There are a variety of scales of implementation,
    teaching styles, learning priorities, and
    institutional frameworks within which
    instructional takes place.
  • The function may vary from a strictly educational
    role to a combination of research /or contract
    work and education.

15
A choropleth Map showing deafness as a rep of 100
000 African population in study area
16
DESIGN MAINTENANCE
Locational Info via a RDMS
  • Here one needs to ask the question
  • Is the facility to be a stand alone or a network
    GIS facility
  • Stand alone cost vs network costs /or savings
    requirements COME INTO THE BASKET OF COSTS
  • Such considerations are fundamental to the
    determination of hardware, software, data and
    personnel needs to operationalize a functional
    GIS FACILITY.

Data via a GIS
17
MATERIALS
Electronic Class Room for GIS Teaching
  • Beyond the physical facilities instructional
    materials must be procured
  • The WWW has access to software, data, exercises
    curricular materials
  • Where facilities are limited, internships
    cooperative work with local agencies (Govt.
    Public/Private Companies may augment resources
    provide more broad reaching benefits.

Data via a GIS
Students during a GIS Prac in front of the UL
Arts Fac
18
GIS Hons Student Seminar Presentation
19
GIS HONS PRAC DICSUSSION
20
SAFETY SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES
  • HUMAN RESOURCES
  • Facility Admin
  • SAFETY SECURITY
  • Operating system security functions, virus
    checkers network controlled programs offer
    protection on the software side but only if
    installed maintained correctly
  • Policies for access and backup are necessary
    complements to physical security measures.
  • Management issues are vital to the successful
    operation of the GIS infrastructure.
  • Staffing
  • Personnel is generally the last budget item
    considered.
  • The type of support (full or part-time, shared or
    not) the expertise level of the individuals
    would determine how well the facility meets the
    users needs.
  • Alternative strategies G/Asst, UL Computing
    services Faculty may be the mix.

21
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
  • Funding
  • Given the growing tightening funds all sources
    should be explored.
  • Internal funding may be available in the form of
    grants, laboratory fees or capital expenditure
    funds.
  • External mechanisms include grants, contracts and
    donations. Explore this through contract
    CBO/NGO GIS work.

22
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATORY GIS (HIV/AIDS ARENA)
23
Spatial organisation in practice
24
Spatial Mapping
  • A spatial structure for Community Health Workers
    (CHWs)

25
Operational GIS
Policy GIS
Strategic GIS
26
CHALLENGES IN AFRICA! Can a GIS Help?
  • There are major challenges in the world today,
    viz
  • overpopulation
  • pollution
  • deforestation
  • natural disasters
  • water shortages
  • All have a critical Geographical
    Dimension and can use a GIS to
    help manage the dynamic challenges.



27
Operational GIS
VISUALISATION SCENARIOS Options Appraisal
Policy GIS
Strategic GIS
28
BENEFITS IMPORTANCE TO AFRICAS NEEDS
  • While the issues outlined in the paper focussed
    on the specifics of infrastructure establishments
    management the overall effort is directed
    towards the removal of physical impediments to
    instruction in a largely technological
    development field GIS Training Education in
    Africa for Africans.
  • The CACGIS Laboratory at UL can, in part, play a
    leadership role in assisting with GIS
    Infrastructural Requisites for Africa.

29
Concluding Remarks Recommendations
  • With the continual changes occurring in GIS
    support infrastructure, it is difficult for any
    one individual or department to keep up with the
    state-of-the-art in the GIS Fields.
  • It is undesirable for time and resources to be
    unnecessarily diverted from conceptual and
    instructional development to management and
    maintenance.
  • Yet is vital that the practical component of GIS
    instruction remain up to date.
  • As a starting point a guide which sets out the
    basic steps as well as scenarios for development
    and/or management of GIS facilities under
    different resource conditions would be helpful.

30
THANK YOU!
  • QUESTION TIME
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