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EOCT US History Review 2009

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Title: EOCT US History Review 2009


1
EOCT US History Review 2009
  • Mr. Kramer

2
1. Who traveled the Middle Passage?
  • Slaves going from Africa to the Caribbean
  • Traders carrying molasses to the Caribbean
  • Ship captains bringing rum to West Africa
  • Missionaries going to Africa from England

3
2. Upton Sinclair and Ida Tarbell were known as
  • Colonial Patriots
  • muckrakers
  • Anti-Federalists
  • Civil Rights Activists

4
3. Which amendment abolished slavery?
  • 13th
  • 14th
  • 15th
  • 18th

5
4. Which of the following contributed to
sectionalism in the US?
  • The Nullification Crisis
  • The Articles of Confederation
  • The Open Door Policy
  • The Monroe Doctrine

6
5. Which of the following was not known for
their support of abolition?
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • William Lloyd Garrison
  • Frederick Douglass
  • The Grimke sisters

7
6. George Washington demonstrated his
constitutional authority by putting down which of
the following?
  • Shays Rebellion
  • Bacons Rebellion
  • The Whisky Rebellion
  • The French Indian War

8
7. What was the primary purpose of the US
interventions in Afghanistan Iraq during the
early 2000s?
  • To expand global markets
  • To negotiate a peace settlement
  • To counter the threat of terrorism
  • To contain the spread of communism

9
8. In the 60s, the Student Nonviolent
Coordinating Committee (SNCC) the Southern
Christian Leadership Conference disagreed about
  • The tactic of sit-ins
  • The public role of religion
  • The practice of nonviolence
  • The censorship of public debate

10
9. The primary goal of President Johnsons Great
Society was to
  • Increase military spending
  • Expand the national highway system
  • Eliminate poverty and racial prejudice
  • Reduce taxes and the size of govt

11
10. The presidential debates between JFK Nixon
in 1960 demonstrated
  • The effect of opening relations with China on
    public opinion
  • The importance of radio to the outcome of the
    election process
  • The impact of the Bay of Pigs Invasion on the
    candidates position
  • The power of tv in shaping public opinion
    perception of the candidates

12
11. What was the goal of the Marshall Plan?
  • To relax tensions with the Soviet Union and China
  • To aid the economic recovery of European nations
  • To rebuild the US military after the defeat of
    Nazi Germany
  • To expand the US highway system

13
12. What was the purpose of Japans attack on
Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941?
  • To pressure the US to join the Axis Powers
  • To prepare for an immediate invasion of the US
  • To stop the US from sending more troops to fight
    in Europe
  • To limit the ability of the US to prevent
    Japanese attacks in SE Asia

14
13. Why did Congress pass the Wagner Act of
1935?
  • To provide electricity and flood control
  • To protect the rights of organized labor
  • To offer social services to elderly citizens
  • To limit US intervention in foreign conflicts

15
14. Which of the following did not contribute to
the Great Depression?
  • Overproduction by factories and farms
  • Under consumption due to low wages
  • Market speculation by investors
  • Inability to get credit

16
15. The US responded to Germanys unrestricted
submarine warfare during the early 1900s by
  • Entering WWI
  • Suspending trade with Britain
  • Signing a treaty with Austria-Hungary
  • Withdrawing military forces from Europe

17
16. Which event led to a fierce congressional
debate over US expansion near the end of the
1800s?
  • The Massacre at Wounded Knee
  • The restriction of Asian immigration
  • The purchase of the Alaskan territory
  • The end of the Spanish-American War

18
17. Several southern states adopted Jim Crow
laws in the late 1800s to
  • Enforce legal segregation
  • Deny women the right to vote
  • Protect the freedom of speech
  • Preserve the separation of church and state

19
18. How did colonists react to the Proclamation
of 1763?
  • Resisted the British regulation of colonial
    agriculture
  • Supported the right to manufacture goods within
    the colonies
  • Opposed the ban on colonial expansion into
    western lands
  • Accepted the presence of more British troops to
    protect the colonies

20
19. John Lockes theory that all people have
basic natural rights directly influenced the
  • Proclamation of 1763
  • Declaration of Independence
  • Outbreak of the French Indian War
  • Expansion of trans-Atlantic merchantilism

21
20. Attempts to escape religious persecution were
key factors in the original settlement of which
American colonies
  • S.Carolina Georgia
  • Virginia New York
  • Pennsylvania Maryland
  • N.Carolina New Jersey

22
21. The Bill of Rights was adopted by Congress
in 1791 to preserve which political principle?
  • Separation of powers
  • Restriction of political terms
  • Prohibition of racial discrimination
  • Limitation of the federal government

23
22. The Pilgrims moved first to Holland then
to Mass. so that they could
  • have religious freedom
  • educate Native Americans
  • Abolish the Church of Eng.
  • Live in social econ. isolation

24
23. Why did the British attempt to raise taxes
in the colonies after the French Indian War?
  • They need to pay for the French Indian War
  • They needed to fight the threat from Napoleon
  • Money was needed to finance colonial social
    programs
  • Money was needed to pay for Native American
    territory

25
24. What factor caused people to reexamine the
Articles of Confederation after Shays Rebellion?
  • The Articles prohibited approval of the Northwest
    Ord.
  • The Articles restrained decision making during
    the Am. Revol.
  • The Articles caused most people to distrust a
    strong central govt
  • The Articles limited the ability of the central
    govt to respond to that crisis

26
25. The Dec. of Independence is BEST described
as
  • A description of a new institution framework for
    democratic govt
  • A formal announcement of war between colonies
    G.Britain
  • An explanation of why the colonies were
    dissolving political connections with G.Britain
  • A statement that the US would not become involved
    in foreign affairs

27
26. The Anti-Federalists were MOST concerned
about retaining protecting the power of the
  • State governments
  • Federal governments
  • Articles of Confederation
  • US Constitution

28
27. Both the Missouri Comp. of 1820 the
Compromise of 1850 were intended to settle
disputes over
  • Immigration from Europe
  • Territorial conflicts w/ Mexi.
  • The spread of slavery
  • Tariffs on imports

29
28. The Bill of Rights provides a guarantee of
  • Freedom of Religion
  • The right to vote
  • Freedom to make a profit
  • The right to form a union

30
29. The American Federation of Labor (AFL), led
by Samuel Gompers, proposed that the union should
negotiate for all workers. This idea is called
  • Affiliated servicing
  • Unified negotiating
  • Collective bargaining
  • Joint contracting

31
30. What action did the US take when the Soviets
blocked road, rail, and canal transportation
routes to West Berlin in 1948?
  • Transported supplies by plane
  • Built a wall around the city
  • Sent tanks troops to free the city
  • Negotiated a new treaty with the Soviets

32
31. Most anti-Federalists changed from opponents
to supporters of the Constitution after they were
promised
  • A Bill of Rights
  • Terms limits on the office of president
  • Good relations w. Native Amer.
  • A bicameral legislature

33
32. Which of the following leaders during the
Civil Rights era beginning in 1947 is BEST known
for advocating non-violent demonstrations?
  • WEB Du Bois
  • Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Malcolm X
  • Booker T. Washington

34
33. Why was the 14th amendment NOT successfully
implemented in Southern states during the
Reconstruction Era?
  • Southern states refused to acknowledge it
  • Most Southern legislatures had been disbanded by
    military
  • Southern states remained outside the states
  • Southern states were allowed to make their own
    decisions about segregation

35
34. Demands for the calling of a Constitutional
Convention in 1787 reflected the growing belief
that the
  • Small large states should be political equals
  • Rights of businesses were not being protected
  • National government needed to be strengthened
  • State govt had too little power

36
35. John Adams appointed the midnight judges
in an effort to
  • Ensure an equitable court system
  • Prevent the newly elected Jefferson from
    appointing judges controlling the courts
  • Carry out his presidential mandate
  • Respond to his critics who charged that the
    courts were ineffective

37
36. The US bought the Louisiana Territory from
the
  • English
  • Dutch
  • Spanish
  • French

38
37. Up until the War of 1812, the US and England
clashed over the issue of
  • Tariff policy
  • Impressments
  • Debt restructuring
  • Navigating of the Miss. River

39
38. One of the main disadvantages faced by the
South during the Civil War was
  • Lack of industry
  • Lack of military leadership
  • Lack of conviction that they were on the right
    side
  • The fact that they fought on land unfamiliar to
    them

40
39. The 14th Amendment, ratified in 1868, was
significant because
  • It defined citizens rights
  • Abolished slavery
  • Formally ended Reconstruction in the South
  • Prohibited secession from the Union

41
40. What initially made Jamestown a profitable
colony?
  • Gold
  • The slave trade
  • Timber
  • Tobacco

42
41. The Era of Good Feeling refers to
  • John Adams presidency
  • Period after the War of 1812
  • Period following the Louisiana Purchase
  • Period just prior to the Civil War

43
42. The Compromise of 1850 included all of the
following provisions EXCEPT
  • A strengthened fugitive slave law
  • Californias admission to the Union as a free
    state
  • New Mexico was admitted as a slave state
  • Outlaw of the slave trade in Washington DC

44
43. The idea that settlers in federal territories
would determine whether they would enter the
Union as a slave or free state.
  • Manifest Destiny
  • Missouri Compromise
  • Popular Sovereignty
  • Abolition

45
44. In American reform in the 19th century,
Dorothea Dix was primarily associated with
  • Schools
  • Temperance
  • Mental institutions
  • Abolition

46
45. Immediately following the Civil War, many
southern states established Black Codes, which
  • Abolished slavery
  • Granted former slaves all citizenship rights
  • Defined African Americans as 2nd class citizens
  • Help former slave transition out of slavery

47
46. Henry Clays American System proposed all of
the following measures EXCEPT
  • Internal improvements in the US
  • Abolish slavery in the North and West
  • High protective tariffs
  • The 2nd Bank of the US

48
47. Violent affair in the Kansas territory where
outsiders poured in to influence the territorys
entrance into the Union as a slave or free state.
  • Harper Ferrys Raid
  • Bleeding Kansas
  • Shays Rebellion
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act

49
48. The Supreme Courts decision in Dred Scott
v. Sandford
  • Gave citizenship to African Americans
  • Allowed Congress to control slavery in the
    territories
  • Was received positively in the North
  • Ruled that slaves were private property not
    citizens

50
49. After the Battle of Antietam, Lincoln
announces
  • that the Civil War is over
  • the Emancipation Proclamation
  • Gen. Grant will be the new commander of the Union
    Army
  • Into legislation the 13th amendment

51
50. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention
resolved the issue of how different-sized states
could have equal representation in the new
government through
  • The Missouri Compromise
  • The Great Compromise
  • Checks Balances
  • The Bill of Rights
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