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Puerto Ricans in Orlando and Central Florida

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Trace a brief historical background of Puerto Rican migration to Florida. ... During the 1990s, Florida displaced New Jersey as the second largest ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Puerto Ricans in Orlando and Central Florida


1
Puerto Ricans in Orlando and Central Florida
  • Jorge Duany
  • University of Puerto Rico, Río Piedras
  • Félix Matos-Rodríguez
  • Centro de Estudios Puertorriqueños
  • Hunter College

2
Main Objectives of this Presentation
  • Describe the changing settlement patterns of
    Puerto Ricans in the United States.
  • Trace a brief historical background of Puerto
    Rican migration to Florida.
  • Analyze the main socioeconomic characteristics of
    Puerto Ricans in Central Florida.
  • Examine the political incorporation of Puerto
    Ricans in the Orlando area.
  • Assess the impact of cultural impact of the
    Puerto Ricanization of Central Florida.
  • Outline a social research agenda on Puerto Ricans
    in the region.

3
Changing Settlement Patterns
4
  • Although Puerto Ricans still concentrate in the
    state of New York, their proportion decreased
    from nearly three-fourths of the total in 1960 to
    less than one-third in 2000.
  • For the first time ever, the number of Puerto
    Ricans in New York declined in the 1990s.
  • Correspondingly, the proportion of Puerto Ricans
    has increased in other states, especially in
    Florida.
  • During the 1990s, Florida displaced New Jersey as
    the second largest concentration of Puerto Ricans
    in the U.S. mainland (after New York).
  • Floridas Puerto Rican population grew from
    slightly more than 2 percent of all stateside
    Puerto Ricans in 1960 to more than 14 percent in
    the year 2000.

5
Geographic Distribution of the Puerto Rican
Population in the United States, 1960-2000
6
Puerto Ricans in Florida
7
  • The number of Puerto Rican residents in Florida
    rose from 482,027 in 2000 to 571,755 persons in
    2003.
  • Within Florida, Puerto Ricans have settled in
    three main regions.
  • In 2003, more than 206,000 persons of Puerto
    Rican origin lived in the Central Florida,
    particularly in Orange, Osceola, Volusia,
    Seminole, and Polk counties.
  • A secondary concentration is found in Miami-Dade
    and Broward counties, with about 155,000 Puerto
    Ricans.
  • A third cluster has emerged around the Tampa Bay
    area, especially in Hillsborough County, with
    almost 68,000 Puerto Ricans.

8
Main Areas of Puerto Rican Settlement in
Florida, 2003

9
Geographic Distribution of the Puerto Rican
Population in Florida, 2000
10
  • Three of the top ten metropolitan areas in the
    United States with Puerto Rican residents
    (Orlando, Tampa, and Miami) are now located in
    Florida.
  • In addition, Ft. Lauderdale has the eleventh
    largest number of Puerto Ricans in the mainland.
  • Puerto Ricans are the largest Hispanic group in
    Orlando and Tampa, and the second largest in
    Miami and Ft. Lauderdale (after Cubans).
  • Today, Orlando is the fourth-largest metropolitan
    area for Puerto Ricans in the United States.
  • In Orlando, Puerto Ricans closely approximate the
    proportion (9-10) of all residents in New York
    City.

11
Top Metropolitan Areas with Puerto Rican
Residents in the United States, 2003
12
Puerto Ricans in the Orlando Area
13
Main Destinations of Migrants between Puerto Rico
and the United States, 1995-2000
14
  • The core areas of Puerto Rican settlement in the
    Orlando area are located in southeastern Orange
    and northern Osceola counties.
  • These geographic concentrations appear to be
    primarily suburban housing subdivisions with
    extremely high densities of Puerto Rican
    residents.
  • With 3,772 Puerto Ricans (out of 11,286
    residents), Meadow Woods in Orange County is the
    largest Puerto Rican neighborhood in Central
    Florida.
  • Puerto Ricans are much less segregated from
    non-Hispanic whites in Orlando than in other
    metropolitan areas of the United States.

15
Top Areas of Puerto Rican Settlement in Central
Florida, 2000


16
Historical Background
17
  • The earliest recorded movement of Puerto Ricans
    to Florida consisted of a small number of
    agricultural business owners who settled in the
    Miami area in the 1940s.
  • The first large-scale movement of Puerto Ricans
    to Florida took place in the 1950s under the
    contract farm worker program sponsored by the
    Migration Division of Puerto Ricos Department of
    Labor.
  • By then, the class composition of Puerto Rican
    migration to South Florida had shifted
    predominantly toward the working class.
  • During the 1970s, Puerto Rican government
    officials negotiated contracts for hundreds of
    seasonal workers with sugar growers in Florida.

18
Puerto Rican Migration to Central Florida
19
  • Puerto Rican migration to the Orlando area began
    in earnest in the late 1960s, when hundreds of
    islanders acquired properties in Deltona, in
    Volusia County.
  • In 1971, the opening of Walt Disneys first theme
    park in Orlando spurred real estate speculation
    in the region.
  • The vast surge in Puerto Rican migration from
    both the Island and the mainland started in the
    mid-1980s.
  • During the 1990s, Orange and Osceola counties
    became the two leading destinations of Puerto
    Rican migrants.
  • Between 1990 and 2000, the city of Orlando
    experienced the largest increase in the number of
    Puerto Ricans stateside.
  • At the present rate of growth, by the year 2010,
    the Orlando metropolitan area could have more
    than 200,000 Puerto Rican residents.

20
Basic Demographic Characteristics of Puerto
Ricans in Central Florida
  • According to the 2000 census, 55.1 percent of
    Central Floridas residents of Puerto Rican
    origin were born in Puerto Rico, while 44.9
    percent were born in the U.S. mainland.
  • Island-born and mainland-born Puerto Rican
    residents of Central Florida have very similar
    proportions of males and females.
  • Nearly one-third of all Puerto Ricans in Central
    Florida are young adults.
  • Nearly two-thirds of Puerto Ricans in Central
    Florida said they were white.

21
Socioeconomic Characteristics of Puerto Ricans in
Central Florida
22
  • Nearly three-fourths of Puerto Ricans in the
    Orlando area had completed a high school
    education.
  • Contrary to popular stereotypes, U.S.-born Puerto
    Ricans tend to be better educated than those born
    on the Island.
  • More than half of all Puerto Ricans in Central
    Florida were employed in administrative support,
    sales, professional, technical, and managerial
    occupations.
  • Puerto Ricans in Central Florida concentrate
    overwhelmingly in trade and services,
    particularly in retail trade, arts,
    entertainment, recreation, accommodation, food
    services, education, health, and social services.

23
Occupational Distribution of Puerto Ricansin
Central Florida, 2000
24
Industrial Distribution of Puerto Ricansin
Central Florida, 2000
25
  • In 1999, 33.3 percent of all Puerto Rican
    families in Central Florida earned more than
    50,000 a year.
  • The median family income of Puerto Ricans in
    Central Florida (33,500) was more than double
    that of residents of Puerto Rico (16,543).
  • In 1997, Puerto Ricans in the Orlando
    metropolitan area owned 2,429 businesses,
    primarily in the service industry.
  • This economic boom has attracted many
    Island-based companies to the area.
  • Despite their achievements, Puerto Ricans have
    not attained socioeconomic parity with other
    major ethnic groups in Central Florida.

26
Family Income of Puerto Ricansin Central Florida
and Puerto Rico, 1999
27
Selected Socioeconomic Characteristicsof Puerto
Ricans, Other Hispanics, and Non-Hispanics in
Central Florida, 2000
28
Political Incorporation of Puerto Ricans in
Central Florida
29
  • Puerto Ricans in Central Florida have become a
    swing vote that could decide local, state, and
    even presidential elections.
  • Most Puerto Ricans in the United States have
    traditionally voted for the Democratic Party.
  • In 2004, Puerto Ricans in Florida supported
    Senator John Kerry over President George W. Bush
    by a margin of two to one.
  • The Puerto Rican population boom has not yet
    translated into proportional representation in
    state politics.
  • A recent poll found that 48 percent of Puerto
    Ricans in Central Florida favored the current
    Commonwealth status, while 42 percent supported
    statehood and 5 percent independence.

30
Cultural Identities of Puerto Ricans in Central
Florida
31
  • Among other cultural consequences of the Puerto
    Ricanization of Central Florida, we would like
    to underline six
  • With regard to popular culture, Puerto Ricans in
    Central Florida are counterbalancing the
    Cubanization of South Florida.
  • The Spanish spoken in Central and South Florida
    will be a mixture from several Latin American
    countries.
  • The need for bilingual education and other public
    services for Spanish speakers will rise as a
    result of continuing migration from Puerto Rico
    and other parts of Latin America.

32
  • The growing Puerto Rican population will have a
    strong impact on the areas churches, both
    Catholic and Protestant.
  • Social interaction among different Hispanic
    groups will largely determine whether a new,
    hybrid identity emerges beyond their national
    origins.
  • The increasing linguistic and cultural presence
    of Hispanics might fuel tensions with other
    established groups.

33
Toward a New Research Agenda
  • We would like to suggest eight key areas for
    further research on Puerto Rican migration to
    Central Florida
  • The health status of Puerto Ricans in Central
    Florida, particularly access to health service
    delivery
  • Other practical needs (education, housing,
    employment, legal issues)
  • The development of Puerto Rican businesses in the
    Orlando area
  • The creation and consolidation of transnational
    networks with the Island

34
  • The maintenance of Puerto Rican cultural
    practices in Central Florida
  • The relations among Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and
    other Hispanics
  • The self-definition of Puerto Ricans as Hispanics
    or Latinos
  • The relations between Island-born and
    mainland-born Puerto Ricans

35
Conclusion
36
  • The settlement patterns of Puerto Ricans in the
    United States have shifted greatly over the past
    few decades.
  • Florida became the favorite location of Puerto
    Rican migrants during the 1990s.
  • The Orlando metropolitan area has attracted the
    largest number of recent Puerto Rican migrants to
    the U.S. mainland.
  • Puerto Ricans are highly concentrated in certain
    counties in Central Florida, particularly Orange
    and Osceola, and certain districts, such as
    Kissimmee.
  • Their socioeconomic characteristics differ
    substantially from earlier migrants from the
    Island.

37
  • Most are young adults and high school graduates,
    describe themselves as white, are employed as
    white-collar workers, and earn higher incomes
    than in Puerto Rico and elsewhere in the United
    States.
  • Puerto Ricans in Central Florida may follow a
    distinct path from other Puerto Rican
    communities.
  • Their class background is much more favorable and
    they are more likely to advance occupationally in
    the Orlando area than elsewhere.
  • Politically, they are poised to influence both
    the Democratic and Republican parties as a key
    electoral bloc.

38
  • Puerto Ricans are the first large immigrant group
    to challenge the areas relatively homogeneous
    culture and are increasing its ethnic diversity.
  • We strongly recommend establishing a local task
    force to develop, monitor, and implement a
    comprehensive research agenda on Puerto Ricans in
    Central Florida.
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